Notes for Global Geography Week 7
Notes for Global Geography Week 7 GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Global Geography Week 7 WWII Partitioning- some wanted South Asia to remain united (Gandhi was behind this) But they decided to partition south Asia based on where religions are concentrated. Pakistan- was two parts when it was created- East and West Pakistan (they were on opposite sides of India) this created problems. East Pakistan Independence- Became Bangladesh. India pushed East Pakistan towards independence and helped fight against West partitioning. Effects of Partitioning- Mumbai- the financial center of India. Kolkata- lost its prestige in the would- during British rule of South Asia it was the capital- good stopping place for ships because it was on a river. But after partitioning the state of Bengal was split in half. This caused Kolkata to lose a major trading area and the capital was moved to New Deli. Now it is one of the poorest large cities in India. Punjab- decided to remain part of India (this is where the Seeks live) Assam- well known for tea production. They wanted to make sure that their state preserved Assamese culture. They limit they number of people that can move there because they want to keep the demographic balance Kashmir- area that is contested by three countries (China and main 2 are Pakistan and India) they have fought wars over this small territory. Kashmir was ruled by a Hindu Priest but most of the people were Muslim- there was no problems until partitioning. 3 options- Become part of Pakistan, India or Independent (though they couldn’t vote for this so it was pretty much ignored) Pakistan sent military in. Then India sent in military to protect the Priest. In the 1970s India got a nuclear weapon. Fighting stopped until 1998 when Pakistan got nuclear weapons. Neither side has used them because the other would retaliate. Cricket (British, sports and colonialism)- Britain attempted to bring their colonized people into the British empire. So they brought cricket to South Asia. Also brought Pig sticking. Some South Asian players were so good that they were brought back to Britain to play for the British national team. Inida-Pakistan Cricket matches- the two countries rarely play in each other’s countries. They decided to have a Friendship Series in order to relieve pressure- this humanized the other side- both countries cheered for the other side and welcomed them. Sri Lanka- Island off the coast of India. Buddhist country. One of the first countries to adopt Buddhism as the official language (oldest Buddhist country in the world) Tamils in Sri Lanka- moved from India to Sri Lanka (they are Hindu). They see themselves as ethnically different. Tamils are seen as second class citizens. Two sides went to war. Tamil Tigers (LTTE)- Tamil Terrorist group. India supported them until the 90s. They declared independence-though no one recognized them (made their own stamps). Fought for this for 25 years but they we finally put down. Still seen as second-class citizens still because they are blamed for the war. Himalayan Countries- Nepal and Bhutan. Nepal is the only country in the world with a non-rectangular flag- this is because of Hindu flags, which are triangular. Prithvi Narayan Shah-Seen as the father of Modern day Nepal- united the Gorka Kingdom. They have 8 of the 10 tallest mountains in the world. April 2015 Earthquake- 7 plus earthquake devastated the country. Mt. Everest- located mostly in Nepal- tallest mountain in the world. Just over 29,000 feet. Faces a couple of issues- big problem with pollution with people leaving their trash from climbing it. Corpses are also left there- they become mummified because of the cold and elevation. Bhutan- they played a soccer team to show who was the worst team in the world. Very isolated and wants to remain that way. They didn’t get cable or internet until recently. Little diplomatic relations with other countries. Unique perspective on the world- they have a measure of gross national happiness- used to measure the strength of a country rather than wealth. Chimi Lhakhang- fertility temple- women go there to try to become pregnant. Maldives- low elevation- tiny islands. Europeans buy islands exclusively for Europeans- usually for Honeymoons. Male- capital city. Facing a lot of pressure from rising ocean waters. In order to battle this they are trying to build islands that can adjust to rising ocean levels- but this is mostly being used for the benefit of Europeans. February 25, 2016 Sentinelese- Adaman Islands- Nice to visit- Europeans like to visit here. North Sentinel- last group that has not been contacted by outsiders- they kill anyone who tries to come on the island. East Asia Physical Geography- Mountains and rivers dictate a lot of the culture. Every river in South East Asia originate from the Himalayas Huang River- “yellow river” North China’s principal river. Loess is a soil that turns the water yellow. Empties into the Yellow Sea. Yangtze River- Southern China’s Principal river. Karst landscape- made up of where the rock type is limestone- erodes very easily. Three Gorges Dam- one of the largest dams in the world by energy out put. Controversy- It stops fish migration, also people live in the flood plains. Farmers were payed to move off their land and forced to move to the city where they are not able to compete for jobs. Factories and Industrial sites were also flooded- all the chemicals from these factories were washed into the water. Another reason for creating the dam to control flooding- China has top 5 worst floods in the world- had the worst natural disaster in human history. China- Largest country in the world by population. GDP per capita is still relatively low. Chinese Rivers and early settlement- two separate civilizations were created- when these two came together this is the beginning of Chinese history- Qin Dynasty. Became the most dominant country in the world. Chinese Culture- considered more sophisticated than any other place in the world, Seen as the center of the world- anyone outside the country was seen as barbarians. Chinese invention- compass, gunpowder, paper, paper, (woodblock) printing. Chinese Population- close to 80% lives on the eastern third of China. Climate is warmer in the southeast. They can also grow rice here. Their population grows so fast that it makes the country unstable. This growth is slowing down though. Policy of Birth Planning- the one child policy- Exceptions- 1- if you are a minority, 2- if you are an only child yourself, 3- if you live in a rural community (unofficial). Has it worked? The trend has slowed. But 30 years of this has led to issues- demographic issue- many Asian cultures favor boy over girls- usually the son takes care of the parents when they get old. If they have a choice of only one child they will usually want a boy- if it is a girl they are often girls are aborted, killed after birth or put up for adoption. Now there are not enough girls in the country. China is considering easing the policy because of this. Northeast Asian Islands Japan- made up of 4 home islands. Very mountainous country. Physiological density- very crowded because only 11% of the country is livable. Some of the highest real estate prices in the world. Kanto Plain- Tokyo- the most populated area in Japan Kansai Plain- Osaka- 2 ndlargest city. Also have the ancient capital and Kobe- industrial port. Kansai International airport- built on an artificial island Tokyo subway- during rush hour there are people paid to shove people into the subways. Incredibly efficient. Japanese islands- created through volcanoes. Aokigahara- forest around mount Fuji- people go to commit suicide. Sound is blocked out. Financial reasons, older people who feel they are a burden. Japan and earthquakes- one of the most earthquake zones areas in the world. Great Hanshin Earthquake- 17 January 1995- killed thousands of people. Tohoku earthquake in 2011- third worst earth quake in the world- the tsunami did the most damage, Volcanoes- Sakurjima- means cherry blossom island- is used to be an island but it kept erupting and joined the home island.