Professional Ethics, Notes Week 7 Part 2
Professional Ethics, Notes Week 7 Part 2 PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Luyet on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1120, Professional Ethics at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Ryan Fanselow in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Professional Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Learning Objectives: 1. Learn about whether we know the causes of our own behavior 2. Understand Implicit Attitudes 3. Understand the implications of the research described by Jost et. al. I. Learning Objective #1 a. Failure of Introspection i. Why can’t we just ask people why they do what they do? 1. people don’t know the cause of their behavior a. Nylon study b. Bystander Effect: if you’re in distress, you’d want just one people around instead of more because everyone will just expect someone else to take actin/help c. Overrating the Importance of Distractions: movies aren’t rated higher without distractions II. Learning Objective #2 a. Implicit Attitude Test can conflict/contradict with your explicit beliefs! i. most people (70%) are better at sorting words/images into “African-American Bad” and “European-American Good” than the opposite ii. most people (76%) are better at sorting words into “Female family” and “male career” than the opposite as well iii. You develop implicit attitudes at early ages; they cannot be controlled and having them doesn’t make you a bad person, but they do affect your behavior in some cases, so you should try to control them and determine what they are so you can prevent them b. Resumes i. Do implicit attitudes effect how minorities are treated in the workplace? Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? 1. Resumes were randomly given random names and Emily and Greg were called 1.5x more than the others 2. Those w/ low scores of positive attitudes on IAT’s were more likely to grade black resumes poorly c. Hiring Women i. Had participants interview candidates for a job 1. some female candidates presented themselves as “confident, competitive, and ambitious” a. participants admitted these candidates were qualified, but found them unlikeable and recommended NOT hiring them d. CONCLUSION: i. Implicit attitudes are widespread ii. they predict harmful behavior toward minorities 1. not hiring African Americans/Women/Arabs 2. Police officers shooting unarmed people 3. Physicians not recommending treatments iii. strong case that African Americans/Women, etc., do actually experience discrimination!
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