PSYS Week 7 Lecture Notes
PSYS Week 7 Lecture Notes Psys 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Butkus on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psys 100 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Paul Biner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychological Science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
2/25/16 1:18 PM ▯ Ch. 7 Learning ▯ -Video Notes (‘The Brain – Learning and Memory’) & Biner’s Information ▯ Two basic approaches to memory Look at nerve cells Look at people Mouse Maze Experiment Removing less than 1/5 of the mouse’s cortex did not affect the mouse’s memory of the maze route Concluded that memories are not localized ▯ Penfield’s Experiment -parts of the temporal lobe are stimulated particular memories are shown Penfield concluded that memories are stored in temporal lobe – He was wrong Memories are not in one spot – they are stored throughout the cortex wherever processing occurs ▯ Learning to speak Most important is first two years of life When a child is 2 and shows proper speech skills it’s determined he had proper development – biological ▯ Why don’t we remember certain times? Freud: repress these memories Study of amnesia: we don’t store these memories ▯ Smell memories are the earliest memories that we have Like cut grass in the spring ▯ Emotional simulations are easily recalled- most vivid The amygdala (takes in new memories) & hippocampus (stores new memories- “file clerk”) Like 9/11 or other traumatic events Damage to hippocampus blocks new memories from being stored, but you can recall old memories. o EX: Peter (college basketball player) had endured specific brain damage and cannot remember new memories Gary Lynch believe that learning new concepts leaves biological path through the brain * important research* Lynch found that certain cells grows new synaptic connections Learning forms new biological wiring of the brain ▯ ▯ Introducing healthy hippocampus tissue to old rats brains allowed the rats to remember the location of the podium – shows that there’s a possibility we can improve memory function (amnesia) in humans ▯ ▯ Peter was able to regain his ability to recall new memories with a healthy brain ▯ ▯ Long-term memory is limitless ▯ Working-memory is short term: Up to 7 digits ▯ ▯
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