Psych one week of notes
Psych one week of notes Psychology 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Donna Park on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 110 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Khaddouma in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see PSY 110 in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT PSYCH NOTES 3 Developmental Psychology - Study of how behavior changes over the life span - Methods of study: o Cross- sectional research “snapshot” that analyzes data from people at different age ranges at the same time o Longitudinal research Analyses data from a cohort of people measured at multiple occasions over time Conception - Post Partum Issues in prenatal development - Teratogens o Environmental factors that can exert a negative impact on prenatal development o Links between maternal pregnancy behaviors and later childhood outcomes Intake of chemical compounds that require complex metabolic processing E.g. alcohol, nicotine, illicit drugs, certain medications, certain natural substances o Stress o Embryonic diapause Motor development - Moro reflex o Response to falling backwards - Grasping reflex o Response to stimulation on palm of hand - Stepping reflex o Response to pressure on bottom of foot Social Development - Temperament o Basic emotional style that appears early in development and is largely genetic in origin - Attachment o The strong emotional connection we share with those to whom we feel closest - Type of Attachment o Secure (60%) Becomes upset at mom leaving, comforted when she returns - Insecure-avoidant (15-20%) o Doesn’t care when mom leaves, doesn’t care when she returns o - Insecure-anxious (15-20%) o Upset when mom leaves, both pursues and runs away from her when she returns - Disorganized (5-10%) o Upset when mom leaves, mixed confusing response when she returns Types of Parenting - Permissive o Lack of rewards or punishments for behavior, most lenient - Authoritative o Middle way between permissive and authoritarian, supportive, but with clear boundaries and expectations - Authoritarian o Extremely strict, unsupportive, and less affectionate Identity development throughout the lifespan - Erikson’s theory of identity development Sexual Development - Begins during adolescence - Primary sexual characteristics o Changes to reproductive organs and genitals - Secondary sexual characteristics o Sex- differentiating characteristics that are not directly related to reproduction - Spermarche o Boy’s first ejaculation o Usually around 13 years old - Menarche o Girl’s first menstruation o Usually around 12.5-13.5 years old in the U.S. Moral Development - Moral development throughout the lifespan o Kohlberg’s theory of moral development
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