Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes HIST 1311 - 002
Popular in U.S. History to 1865
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Jones on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 - 002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kristan Nicole Foust in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
rd 3 Set of Notes for US HISTORY English Settlement of the New World 1600-1750 Spanish Settlements -Before 1600 Spanish only settled in South America - From 1600-1750 they started settling in North America. - The mission system was used first on Incas (didn’t go so well) - The mission system basically consisted of the Spanish giving the leaders a Bible and trying to convert them, and if they didn’t they would either be killed or enslaved. - If they converted them successfully they would build churches there and eventually have them pay taxes - Spanish wanted to convert & teach them the Spanish way of life - They helped with food and farming for the Native Americans. French Settlements - They initially came to find a passage way to China - Fur because a luxury & fashionable in Europe so the French jump on that, and that is why they stayed and settled in America. Background on England’s Settlement - Henry VII – Splits from the Catholic church because it would not allow him to divorce his wife. He wants to divorce her because she cannot produce any male heirs and he believes it is her fault. ROANOKE - Roanoke was started by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584 with 600 other gruff men, he was a part of the royal court. He flirted often with Queen Elizabeth, but she never married him. He grew wealthy due to their relationship and the gifts she showered him with. - They settle there because it is a good spot to commit piracy, but since it is under the queen it is considered “military” - Roanoke fails because ships bringing supplies has to fight the Armada - Most colonies were a collection of towns but Roanoke was just a city by itself. - Once they run out of food they try to trade with Native Americans, but they don’t have much to trade so they form allies with the Native Americans - When Raleigh finally returns in 1587 with more colonists and supplies everyone is gone and there is CRO written on a tree which many believe stands for creation a nearby tribe. - Because of this experience settling is discouraged at that time. Why wouldn’t England come & settle the new world until the 1600’s SIN S – Spain Issues - Protestantism vs Catholicism. Mary was Catholic and Elizabeth was Protestant and when Mary died King Philip and Elizabeth were at war because Elizabeth a protestant should be the true ruler of England not Philip a catholic. - Thus the Spanish Armada happened - It wouldn’t be until 1588 when all of Spain’s ships are destroyed in a storm. - England continued to worry about a Spanish invasion even after Queen Elizabeth defeated Philip. I – Internal Issues - While Mary was in power she killed many protestants and when Elizabeth was in power she killed many Catholics - England didn’t have a lot of money at this time - They had to suppress revolts in Scotland and they were trying to invade France. N- No immediate tangible Benefits - There were no get rich quick benefits for them, only long-term projects that they didn’t have the money for. - French and Spanish said there were no more Indian empires of a passage way to China. - First colonies started by businessmen because it couldn’t be funded by parliament Jamestown - Jamestown was started by a private company - Started with 105 businessmen - Swampy are with malaria - They were unaware of how rain and weather effect the flow of the river so they end up drinking their own waste when the river had back waste due to rain - Powhatans help Jamestown survive. They had 1000s of warriors so they weren’t intimidated by the colonist. They also thought they weren’t going to stay permanently - At first Jamestown had no women. - The businessmen were not familiar with farming so when winter came they had no food. - After being released from the Powhatans John Smith takes over Jamestown and forces them to farm. He also makes peace with the Native Americans. - He injures himself in 1609 and must return to England. - After he leaves they stop working and then have nothing to eat for the winter and this called the starving time when over 50% of their population die. Things that turn Jamestown around Tobacco- John Rolfe came from the Caribbean & brings a different variety of tobacco that can be shipped to England without molding. Virginia starts growing and profiting on this tobacco. Tobacco was cheap and easy to grow By 1615 everyone was growing it and it was a huge cash crop. House of Burgesses- with more people coming they needed some form of government so the House of Burgesses was formed in 1619. Though they are still under the English Monarchy. Only land owning white males could join. They made the rules, regulations, and decided on taxes Free Land- You get 50 acres of land for every person in your family and servants if you come over. Two types of puritans - One wanted to fix the church from within - Separatist wanted to separate from the church completely because they don’t think it can be fixed from the inside. English Growth from Jamestown - Tobacco depletes nutrients from the land so they have to keep moving inwards to find more fertile land. Leaving the infertile land to the indentured servants once they were free. This ultimately led to an uprising from the servants, called Bacon’s rebellion. - By 1620 over 30 more settlements near Jamestown - By 1622 over 1000 english settlers - Massacre of 1622, in march of 1622 the native American Powhatans came in and said they wanted to trade, but it was a lie and they just started to kill everyone. - In retaliation during a meeting on trying to get peace they poison the native Americans. - Massacre significance - Harsher relations between colonist and native americans - They have a war for the next 30 years and by 1650 the Indians decide to leave. - Powhatans end up leaving so it opens up more land - While at war with the powhatans the English king takes over the colonies. The king was worried about the House of Burgesses having too much power. In 1624 he revoked the Virginia’s company charter and made Virginia a royal colony. Next Time We Move On To Slavery
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