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Journ 1100 February 1-3

by: Cassidy Hall

Journ 1100 February 1-3 1100

Cassidy Hall

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Journalism 1100 notes from class on February 1st and 3rd
Principles of American Journalism
Marina Hendricks
Class Notes
Journalism 1100
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Hall on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Marina Hendricks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 02/25/16
Can Journalism Provide What Democracy Needs? February 1, 2016 Lipmann and Dewey Lipmann- was pessimistic about the founder’s vision  The world is too complex for the ordinary person to take in  Factors limiting us: o Limitations to social contract o Comparatively meager time in a day for paying attention to public affairs o Distortion arising because events have to be compressed into very short messages o Fear of change and unknown o Difficulty of making a small vocabulary express a complicated world Dewey was much more optimistic  Democracy: about much more information  Conversation as the root of democracy- through conversation to got to the community  Democracy as a process not an outcomes  So long as we talk to each other everything will be okay Not a matter of who is right, they show both sides of the argument Takeaways  Journalism is shaped by society  Enlightenment philosophy and “rational man” play a role in US press theory  Journalism is integral to democracy  Citizens need many things from our journalists  Journalists fulfill a many roles  Ability of Journalists to fulfill these roles changes What is Journalism? Dividing lines  Information vs. Advocacy o Problem: Is there anything journalists shouldn’t be neutral about o Another problem: Wouldn’t opinion columnists call themselves journalists?  Information vs. Entertainment o Problem: Does this mean journalism cannot also be entertaining?  “Hard news” vs. “Soft news” o Problem: where is the dividing line? o Problem: What if soft news is popular?  Professionals vs. Citizens o Problem: Who’s a Journalist?  Ideals vs. Realities o Surveys indicate The Daily Show was a primary source of new for many millennia’s Should you be required to have a journalism degree to be journalist? Is it necessary to define journalists from non-journalists?  To emphasize the credibility of journalists?  To help audiences navigate the media system?  Legal question Who is a Journalist? Some journalists argue that defining journalists is a dangerous activity Others believes it is unnecessary  “We all know what a journalist is and its silliness to argue about it” Profession: not a synonym for “job” What’s a Profession?  Divinity, Medicine, Law o Full time occupation o Membership of associations o Must be licensed o Monopoly over field o Enforceable codes o Standardized education system Formal qualifications, education, apprenticeship, examinations, emergence of regulatory bodies with powers to admit and discipline members, and some degree of monopoly rights Based on almost all of this, journalism cannot be said to be a profession BUT, journalists have long exerted a monopoly over their field  Larger organizations= more resources, more people  Cost of entry into the market  No other means of mass dissemination of information Journalism enjoyed the privileges of a profession without the baggage. Not being a strict profession doesn’t mean we abandon professionalism “Professional” signifies adherence to a certain set of standards “Journalism” refers to a set of procedure Only one things is certain: Change What is Journalism? February 3, 2016 Citizen Journalism People without no journalism background, education, or training are breaking down the journalism monopoly  How? o Technology o Shoot, edit, and share video o Fact-check journalists o Open up the conversation Wikipedia: collective intelligence model “Crowd sourcing” the news Covering what mainstream journalism misses First American newspaper: Publick Occurrences both Foreign and Domestik, Published in 1690 Citizen news started in the US with 9/11 London Train bombings: Citizen news Oscar Grants  Footage of his killing captured by subway passengers on their phones Other Examples  CNN TReport  Cop Gets Busted Where Does This Leave Us? “Are they journalists” is the wrong question What we should be asking “is what they are doing journalism?” What’s the Difference? “Journalism is a set of transparent, independent procedures aimed at gathering, verifying, and reporting truthful information of consequence to citizens in a democracy” (pp. 33) Our definition Transparency Independence The process o Gathering information o Verifying it o Reporting it Truthful info… …That is of consequence… Propaganda: something that is used to influence people Transparency 1. Show the reporting and sources hat support your work 2. Collaborate with the audience 3. Curate and attribute into responsibility 4. Offer disclosures and statements of values 5. Correct website and social media errors effectively. Independence Goal: Maintain independence from those you cover (or, perhaps could cover)  Can you… o Vote o Have a bumper sticker, etc. o Be a church goer o Be a member of PETA o Hold stock o Run for office o Attend protests Appearance of conflict of interest can be as damaging as a conflict itself  Damages public trust in journalism The process  Gather information  Verify it o Confirm and establish it  Reporting it  Truth is more than just facts o Give meaning to facts Truthful information is what we have verified


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