Intro to Psychology, Chapter 5, Week 6
Intro to Psychology, Chapter 5, Week 6 PSY 1113
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elsa Finley-Combs on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Intro to Psychology, Chapter 5, Week 6 -Drugs- Depressants -Work by slowing down the nervous system Alcohol is the most common depressant. Frontal Lobe:Alcohol slows down the frontal lobes, which are the part of the brain that makes good decision. Cerebellum:Also slowed down by alcohol. Because it helps with movement and balance, when impaired by alcohol a person has balance troubles. Parietal Lobe/motor cortex:Also slowed down with alcohol. This is the part of the brain that forms speech, so when alcohol affects it, a person gets slurred speech. 60% of all murders in the USAinvolve alcohol. 65% of all crimes against women involve alcohol. Alcoholism: Being both physically and psychologically addicted to alcohol. More alcohol is needed to gain the same “feel good” effect. Possibility that it could be genetic, as some people can drink much more than others with less consequences. *Those who “feel good” easily with alcohol are much less likely to get become addicted Other Depressants Barbiturates: Nembutal, Seconal. Older sleeping pill drug. Tranquilizers: Reduce anxiety, creates a calm feeling. Xanax, Valium. Opiates: Pain medication, narcotics. Morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, heroine Stimulants -Work by speeding up the nervous system, rise in blood pressure, heart rate, muscular tension. Caffeine is one of the most common ones -Increased attentiveness, decreased reaction time, nervousness, insomnia. People suffer headaches and depression from withdrawal. Amphetamines: Boost energy, cause people to stay awake, lose weight. Increases dopamine release. Diet pills, meth. Cocaine:Amphetamine that blocks the reuptake of dopamine Hallucinogen: Drugs that cause hallucinations. Marijuana:*The classification of this as a hallucinogen is controversial Classified this way because it “slows down” time. It is not a physically addictive drug, as it does not produce shakes or headaches, however it can be considered psychologically addictive. It could change the brain’s chemistry, especially in younger people because their brains are still developing. Decreases testosterone production. Nicotine: Stimulates brain’s reward areas through higher dopamine levels. Withdrawal from nicotine creates irritability, extremely addictive. -Hypnosis- -State of consciousness where the person under hypnosis is more open to suggestions. Recognized as legitimate by psychologists. No consistent opinion on what hypnosis actually is. 4 Steps of Hypnosis -Very few distractions for person being hypnotized -Person given a very specific thing to think about and concentrate on, either imagined or real -Hypnotizer gives person a sensation to expect when hypnotized, like “floating” -Hypnotizer suggests things that are already happening, “heavy eyelids”, so that person believes hypnotizer’s suggestions are coming true. -Hypnosis used to treat things like alcoholism, depression, PTSD, smoking, migraines. -Under hypnosis, subjects less aware of pain. -Meditation- -Meditation increases attention, helps people regain energy, and sometimes helps weight loss -Is partially sleep and partially wakefulness -Can help the body’s immune system.
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