AHI 1B Week 8 Lecture Notes
AHI 1B Week 8 Lecture Notes AHI 1B
Popular in Medieval and Renaissance Art
Popular in Art History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Dillard on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHI 1B at University of California - Davis taught by Dr. Ch'ien in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Medieval and Renaissance Art in Art History at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
2/23/16 Robert Campin, MerodeAltarpiece, 1425 • the symbols were not a code, people knew they were symbols of purity • Joseph is making a mouse trap Hans Memling, Dyptych of Martin van Nieuwenhove, 1487 • the 2 panels are hinged and can be folded and taken places • mirror shows the other side of the room and the backs of Mary and Martin that cannot be seen • it unites the two panels • Martin prays facing Mary and Christ • there is a bridge from his hometown in the window—the Virgin came to him he didn't go to church to go to her Quattrocento II Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise (East Doors) Baptistry of San Giovanni, Florence, 1425-1452 • 10 old testament scenes from the creation to king Soloman • the narrative relief panels are square and larger, no longer in quatrefoils • he has more space to work with • square can be a window, portal, opening onto a scene where a quatrefoil cannot • fairly flat relief • Isaac and His Sons • overlap creates the sense of dimension • space is created by the misshapen squares on the floor that recede to a vanishing point further up to panel Donatello, Feast of Herod • the figures in the foreground are in high relief • a head is being presented at a banquet • the walls in the background are in lower relief • the panel is only about an inch thick Masaccio, Trinity, 1424-1427 • wall fresco in a church in Florence • uses 1 point perspective • human figures mark each spacial plane • the skeleton greets lying on a tomb that has an inscription that is a reminder of death • there are 2 donors and then further into the perspective plane, Mary and Saint John stand next to Christ who is being crucified on the cross • God the father is behind Christ and the holy spirit is the dove is above Piero della Francesca, Ideal City, 1470 • orderly, centered • there are no people in the city to occupy the buildings Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano, 1435 • all of the broken spears have fallen on the grid of linear perspective Piero della Francesca, Flagellation of Christ, 1455-1460 • only possible because of liner perspective • Christ is tied to a column receiving a whipping in the background • there are 3 people in the foreground who are ignoring the torture Gentile de Fabriano,Adoration of the Magi all about surface, not depth • • the figures are nicely organized into the ornate frame • all the people are winded through the landscape—shows the journey to go see Christ and how much people want to see Him • the people in the aground are smaller but are not receding evenly in a grid • all of the gold creates a sparkling effect across the surface of the panel FraAngelico, San MarcoAltarpiece • receding foreground • Virgin and Child are enthroned • the saints get smaller as they recede • linear perspective is orderly but too close to the human world for comfort • there is another painting in the painting • icon that has a cult image on the front with Christ on the cross • the gold icon is the portal to go into the Virgin’s space that is behind it • through prayer and the icon, you can go into the Virgin and Christ’s world Hours of Mary of Burgundy, 1480 • the book is enough to create the vision Botticelli, Birth of Venus, 1484-1486 • Venus is nude, driving on her conch shell blown by the wind, Zephyr • Flora caries clothes for Venus to wear • about the pleasure of line • the bodies all form graceful S curves • paragone: Italian word that means comparison • painters argue that they can offer more than poets Studiolo of Federico da Monefeltro made for the Ducal Palace in Gubbico, 1479-1482 • entire room made of wood that is inlayed to form patterns, shapes, and forms • there are cabinets that are ajar with objects inside, benches, grates • it is all flat, completely smooth • trompe l’oeil—to fool the eye 2/25/16 Cinquecento Beginnings Themes: we tend to think there is only one way of doing things but there are actually many we will look at how this myth was constructed Vasari, The Battle of Marciano in Val di Chiana, 1570-1571 • Vasari was a writer who didn't think he was a good painter • he is known as the first art historian • the Giotto era, the “best era” the Michelangelo era • “art before Michelangelo had errors” • “idea of genius artist alone is Vasari’s fault” • good art is rational, and made through design “disegno” Michaelangelo, Pietà, 1499 • Christ lays dead on Mary’s lap • grown man placed gracefully on her lap Brunelleschi, Ospedale degli Innocenti, Begun 1419 • hospital for children that have no homes • product of the silk and goldsmith guild • Brunelleschi was registered as a goldsmith because they didn't know where to put architects • charity undertaken by private citizens rather than the government or the church • very graceful building • the lines are about mathematical order • the thinness of the pillars give it a lightness • the forms are classical • the width of the columns to the wall=the width between each column=the height of the columns, cubes • revival of classical forms, but different • little babies made from terra cotta on the building • take away: the harmony is created through regularity and mathematical perfection, the forms are form the ancient world but put together in different ways Masaccio, Frescoes from the Brancacci Chapel, 1424-1427 • almost entirely frescoed by Masaccio but he died before it was finished • similar to arena chapel but much smaller • the walls are covered in narrative scenes and it is all made of paint, no stone even thought the dividers look like stone • uses tonal painting to create round figures • uses a continuous narrative • Tribute Money • St Peter is seen 3 times in one panel and the tax collector is seen twice because it is a continuous narrative and multiple parts of the story are old in the same panel • there is linear perspective with the vanishing point at Christ’s head • Expulsion ofAdam and Eve from the Garden of Eden • tonal modeling • Eve is covering herself whileAdam is covering his face Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495-1498 • Leonardo moved around a lot and didn’t finish a lot of his works • was supposed to be a fresco but Leonardo didn’t like fresco so he tried to use oil paint but he used some mixture of oil and tempera on a dry medium and it started flaking off during his lifetime—he was asked to repaint it • Christ is in the center and the 12 apostles are grouped in to sets of 3 • great depth in the painting because of one point perspective—the point is on Christ’s head • the painting mixes the flat planar frontally and the deep space that collapses on Christ’s head Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, 1503-1505 • portrait of a woman sitting with her arm resting on a chair • in front of a landscape that is behind her • really no line on her face or hair, just a haziness—called sfumato (Italian word that means smoky) • people are obsessed with her smile because there is no line, just shadow and its hard to tell if she is smiling or not • the haziness is possibly because of oil paint • chiaroscuro—means light/dark, using both together at the same time • Leonardo liked restricting what we see—he used a lot of soft shadows even in drawings Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo 1508-1512, lower wall frescoes by Perugino, Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, and Carlo Crivelli 1480s • original ceiling was blue with gold stars before Michelangelo painted it • all fresco, not stone • scenes of Genesis go along the central spine of the ceiling • Michelangelo essentially created a look book of figures • Botticelli, Moses and the Daughters of Jethro, 1481-1482 • continuous narrative • Perugino, Christ Delivering the Keys to St. Peter, 1481-1482 • set in very deep perspectival space that goes to a vanishing point which is the Christian church • the church has two triumph arches next to it—pagan • papal conclave—when the next pope is chosen, they were locked in the Sistine chapel until a new pope was decided (up until a few years ago) • Michelangelo, Creation ofAdam • shadows are only used to create depth • God the father is reaching out givingAdam life • the whole story is told in two hands • God is active,Adam is passive, one gives and one receives • there are more figures around the scene—anonymous nude people “ignudi” • Michelangelo, Libyan Sibyl • ancient prophet who sees the future and says what will happen there is decoration on every part, multiple figures • • the woman has mass, the body has been twisted as much as possible • he finds pleasure in taking things past they're requirements Raphael, Madonna of the Meadow, 1505-1605 • St. John and Christ are interacting as babies • the landscape is much clearer than in the Mona Lisa but there is still a softness • master of the non-offensive painting • delicate balance between forms and softness
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