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Chapter 2 Vocab

by: jlvidro

Chapter 2 Vocab Psychology 20115


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Chapter two vocabulary
Health Psychology
Georita Marie Frierson, Ph. D.
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by jlvidro on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 20115 at Rowan University taught by Georita Marie Frierson, Ph. D. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Rowan University.


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Date Created: 02/25/16
Chapter 2 Vocab  Adrenal glands two small glands, located on top of the kidneys, that are part of the endocrine system and secrete several hormones, including cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine, that are involved in responses to stress.  Angina pectoris Chest pain that occurs because the muscle tissue of the heart are deprived of adequate oxygen or because removal of carbon dioxide and other wastes interferes with the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart.  Atherosclerosis A major cause of heart disease caused by the narrowing of the arterial walls due to the formation of the arterial walls due to the formation of plaques that are reduce the flow of blood through the arteries and interfere with the passage of nutrients from the capillaries into the cells.  Autoimmunity A condition in which the body produces an immune response against its own tissue constituents  Blood Pressure The force that blood exerts against vessel walls  Cardiovascular system The transport system of the body responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrients to the body and carrying away carbon dioxide and other wastes to the kidneys for excretion  Catecholamine the neurotransmitters, epinephrine and norepinephrine, that promote sympathetic nervous system activity. Are released in substantial quantities during stressful times.  Cell-mediated immunity A slow-acting immunologic reaction involving T lymphocytes from the thymus gland. -defends against viral infections, fungi, parasites, foreign tissues, and cancer.  Cerebellum The part of the hindbrain responsible for the coordination of voluntary muscle movement, the maintenance of balance and equilibrium, and muscle tone and posture.  Cerebral cortex the main portion of the brain, responsible for intelligence, memory, and the detection and interpretation of sensation.  Endocrine system A bodily system of ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood to stimulate target organs  Humoral immunity A fast-acting immunologic reaction mediated by B lymphocytes that secretes antibodies into the bloodstream.  Hypothalamus the part of the forebrain responsible for regulating water balance and controlling hunger and sexual desire. -assist in cardiac functioning, blood pressure regulation and respiratory regulation.  Immunity the body’s resistance to injury from invading organisms, acquired from the mother at birth, through disease, or through vaccinations and inoculations.  Ischemia a deficiency of blood to the heart due to obstruction or constriction of coronary arteries -often associated with chest pain.  Kidney dialysis A procedure in which blood is filtered to remove toxic substances and excess fluid from the blood of patients whose kidneys do not function property.  Lupus A chronic, inflammatory form of arthritis that may be managed by anti- inflammatory medications or immune suppressive medications, depending on its severity.  Lymphatic system the drainage system of the body -believed to be involved in immune functioning  Medulla the part of the hindbrain that controls autonomic functions such as regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.  Myocardial Infarction a heart attack produced when a clot has developed in a coronary vessel, blocking the flow of blood to the heart.  Nervous System the system of the body responsible for the transmission of information from the brain to the rest of the body and from the rest of the body to the brain  Neurotransmitters chemicals that regulate nervous system functioning  Nonspecific immune mechanisms a set of responses to infection or a disorder that is engaged by the presence of a biological invader  Parasympathetic nervous system the part of the nervous system responsible for vegetative functions, the conservation of energy, and the damping down of the effects of the sympathetic nervous system  Phagocytosis the process by which phagocytes ingest and attempt to eliminate a foreign invader  Pituitary gland a gland located at the base of and controlled by the brain that secretes the hormones responsible for growth and organ development.  Platelets small disks found in vertebrate blood that contributes to blood coagulation  Pons the part of the hindbrain that links it to the midbrain and helps control respiration  Renal system part of the metabolic system; responsible for regulation of bodily fluids and the elimination of wastes  Respiratory system the system of the body responsible for taking in oxygen, excretion carbon dioxide, and regulating relative composition of the blood.  Specific immune mechanism responses designed to respond to specific invaders  Sympathetic nervous system the part of the nervous system that mobilizes the body for action  Thalamus the portion of the forebrain responsible for the recognition of sensory stimuli and the relay of sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex.


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