Chapter 9 (FAD2230)
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Maynard on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD2230 at Florida State University taught by Ferraro in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
FAD2230 2/17/16 CH 9- Sexual identity behavior relationships Why are we talking about this? o Sex and sexuality are pervasive in our culture o Influences how relationships are formed and their trajectory o Universal human experience How do we talk about sex in the US? o As a component of socialization- purpose of family Awkward talk with parents about birds and bees- almost seems taboo to talk about Hypersexualized culture too scared to publicly talk about How does it look in other cultures? See examples in text book o Across time Birth control Number of sexual partners Age at first sexual encounter Attitudes toward pre-marital sex and births Much more acceptable than in past Abortion Majority of US supports regardless of situation o Myths and stereotypes French are very touchy and lovey passionate/sexual people Europeans- more open to sex with more partners Losing your virginity is supposed to be magical and wonderful Too much sex will drain your vitality—popular 50 years ago Having sex before marriage you’ll go to hell—popular in religion For women the longer you wait the more it will hurt Men are always ready to have sex Men think about sex every 7 seconds If you take the pill you’ll gain weight For guys if they masturbate too much they’ll go blind and grow hair all over hands Reverend Sylvester Grahams told men to stick with a whole grain flour diet to curb sexual desire o Sexual scripts Men Don’t have to worry about their looks as long as they “have”(possession) a beautiful woman Should always be in charge Are always ready for sex Cannot stop themselves if they are turned on Women Should make themselves sexually attractive to men to get their attention, but shouldn’t be too sexy Should not know too much about sex or be too experienced Should not talk about sex Shouldn’t plan in advance for sex or initiate it Double standard: the idea that men have been allowed far more permissiveness in sexual behavior than women 2/19/16 Terminology o Sex: Biological concept Intersexed: born with genitalia that does not clearly identify a person as male or female. Girls born with very large clitoris o Gender: culturally ad socially derived concept(masculine/feminine) o Sexual orientation: enduring pattern of romantic, emotionally, and sexual partners Sexual orientation o Heterosexual bisexualhomosexual Others include asexual, pansexual o The Kinsey Reports: Sexual identity and behavior are not the same construct Sexuality is not dichotomous (not just hetero/homosexual) Based on a scale for the above three groups Sexual orientation isn’t a choice o Identical twin studies—show that if one is homosexual theres a good chance the other will be not the case with paternal twins or adopted siblings Biological component o Transgender- person feels comfortable(maybe more so) expressing gendered traits of other sex Transsexual- deep discomfort about sex and want to live as other sex Bigender- go back and forth between masculine and feminine (two personalities) Master’s and Johnsons sexual response cycle o Documented over 10,000 types of orgasms o Sigmund Freud- stated there was vaginal stimulation which was mature and clitoral orgasm which was immature Just know we are all born with a basic sex drive o Four phases of sexual response Excitement phase- increase in heart rate; engorgement of the sexual organs, increase in muscle tension; sex flush and nipple erections occur Plateau Phase(not a leveling off period)- brief(seconds to a few minutes); heart rate, blood pressure, vaso-congestion increase; powerful surge of sexual tension Orgasm phase- involuntary muscle spasms throughout the body; blood pressure, breathing, heart rate are at maximum levels Resolution- heart rate, blood pressure, breathing return to normal; sex flush disappears rapidly; nipple erection subsides slowly o What hormone is typically released after sex?—oxytocin Think for a minute o Where did you learn about sex? o What did your parents tell you and when? o How did your school teach about sex and when? o Are these convos worthwhile, too early, or too late? Worthwhile to learn about protection Awkward to talk to parents because during puberty everything is awkward Sex ed typically came before talk with parents Sex ed in schools o Timing is not typically useful o African Americans—timing is way too late o Abstinence only education—becoming less prevalent o Comprehensive education Aka abstinence plus See many of the same principles but theres also ABC prevention Abstinence. Be faithful. Condoms Study: Sex ed in schools o Abstinence only- 23 studies o Comprehensive education- 66 studies Reduction in Sexual activity Risky sexual behaviors (#of partners and condoms use) Pregnancy STIs Sexual values o Absolutism- decisions based on unconditional rules (derived from religion or law) o Relativism- emphasizes that sexual decisions should be made in the context of a situation o Hedonism- do things to pursue pleasure an avoid pain Marital sexuality o Frequency diminishes over time o Despite decline of frequency Married persons continuously report that they have high levels of sexual satisfaction across the marital relationship Sexual satisfaction is highly correlated with marital satisfaction 2/22/16 Extra-marital sexuality o Most people believe affairs are always wrong o Generally not Spontaneous The result of alcohol Of a sudden overwhelming passion o Risk factors for affairs Lower relationship satisfaction Especially emotionally for women Sexually for men(reduced frequency) Opportunity In general men have more opportunity’ Permissive views towards extramarital affairs Higher number of sex partners