psych week 7 lecture notes
psych week 7 lecture notes Psyc 2070
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Khaila Coissiere on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2070 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Elizabeth Carney Jeffress Thorsteinson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Contraception and Abortion FEBRUARY2016 CONTRACEPTION Most popular in US • Birth control pills & female sterilization Outside of US • Issues of $$, knowledge, religion, gender roles/power WHO’S AT RISK FOR UNINTENDED PREGNANCY? BARRIER METHODS Male condoms • Protects against pregnancy & STIs (85-98%) • Advantages? • Disadvantages? Female condoms • Protects against pregnancy & STIs (79-95%) • Advantages? • Disadvantages? Diaphragms, cervical caps, sponges, etc. • Protect against pregnancy but NOT STIs (84-94%) • Advantages? • Disadvantages? HORMONAL METHODS Birth control pills • Usually mimic an average menstrual cycle (21 days +1 week “off”) • Protects against pregnancy; NOT STIs (92-99.7%) • Advantages? • Spontaneity; regularity; rapid reversibility • Disadvantages? • Female responsibility; expensive; hormonal changes & changes in libido and lubrication; breakthrough bleeding or spotting; mimics pregnancy: pregnancy- like side effects • Antibiotics NuvaRing & the Patch • Highly effective against pregnancy, NOT STIs (92-99.7%) • Advantages? • Disadvantages? INTRA-UTERINE DEVICES Least expensive method over time Does not interfere with spontaneity • Paragard (copper)—12 years • Mirena (hormonal)—5 years Moderately painful insertion and removal • Must be done by a health care provider May cause spotting Advantages? Disadvantages? NATURAL METHODS Fertility Awareness Method (FAM) • Basal body temperature • 0.4 to 0.8 degree (Fahrenheit) increase immediately before ovulation • 88-97% effective against pregnancy Cervical mucus changes Advantages? Disadvantages? Require abstinence during “high risk” times STERILIZATION Tubal ligation—”getting tubes tied” • General anesthesia; fallopian tubes snipped/clipped/ cauterized • Egg can’t enter uterus • Expensive Vasectomy • Cheaper/safer than tubal ligation • 20-min procedure; Vas deferens snipped/clipped/cauterized • Ejaculate doesn’t contain sperm EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION The “Morning After” pill • Misnomer – up to 5 days after Does NOT cause abortion • Pre-implantation—prevents pregnancy Side effects Prescription if under 17 ABORTION Who’s at risk for unintended pregnancy? •for controlling conception/birthwo main methods Pro-life: life begins at conception Pro-choice: women should have control over fertility Why do women have abortions? Surgical abortion vs. Medication abortion • See Table 13.5 EXTRA CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES Will be posting some new Extra credit options on D2L Based on last couple of lectures Should help you study for the test
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