Class Note for MEMT 431 at KU
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at Kansas taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
MEMT 431 CHORAL DICTION THE MARSHALL PLAN An Overview Marshall Madeleine A Smger 5 Manual ofEngII39SIJ D10t139011New York G Schirmer 1 Deal with R s Go thru the English text cross out all R s that will be omitted and underline all R s that will be included No R before a consonant No R before a pause for breath punctuation or a rest except in a diphthong or triphthong followed by a pause on a particularly high note Include R before a vowel whether in the same word or the next word R before silent letters is governed by whatever follows the silent letter Double R s are treated as a single R No R before a j glide English spelling Y occurring at the beginning of a syllable eg for you 2 Decide on elisions Elide ending consonants of a syllable onto the beginning of the next syllable if that syllable begins with a vowel orj glide eg love you lovyou might be mightbe wider wider Exception Do not elide words that end in the same vowel sound that begins the next word e g the evil the end if one is a word of importance that could be mistaken for a different word e g brigh leyes not brighties Exception When preceded by a vowel M N and NG are attached to that vowel Exception Final L attaches to the vowel that precedes it Exception V attaches to whatever vowel is on the lower pitch 3 Final b d and hard g should be followed by an inse1ted schwa if ending the phrase before a pause or if followed by a word beginning with a consonant Exceptions final d does not have an inse1ted schwa in the word and when the next word begins with R or S e g friend remembered at the end of an auxiliary verb followed by another word e g could try after the words good bad glad when they are followed by another word final d followed by a word beginning with a d eg send down nal g followed by a word beginning with a g eg big girl nal b d or g followed by a word beginning with a j or w glide 4 Sufflx fed is pronounced as d after a voiced consonant eg mined and as t after a voiceless consonant eg laughed walked 5 Deemphasize prepositions and other incidental words At sound only one T when the next word begins with a T To sound only one T when the preceding word ends in T Of do not emphasize the V except in of you And do not add a schwa after the D The do not emphasize the TH With Voiceemphasize the TH But when followed by a word beginning with TH soundinclude only the second TH From do not ip the R 6 See pages 123124 for chart of allowable English vowels diphthongs and triphthongs Note that a e A are not used 7 Our is atriphthong U 8 Monosyllables the a an and as of than the before a consonant uses a schwa the before a vowel uses i a before a consonant uses a schwa and use a schwa on short notes and ae on long notes as use a schwa on short notes and ae on long notes of use a schwa on short notes and A on long notes than use a schwa on short notes and ae on long notes 9 The preposition to usually takes a schwa before a consonant and quot before a vowel Exception when prolonged by the music takes quot even before a consonant if exceptionally prolonged may take u 10 Unstressed syllables with i use I eg with divine imagine prefix longer than a l6Lh note ending in e use I eg remember delight prefix longer than a 163911 note s elled with a use A eg away lament use schwa for prefixes ofa 16 note or less Note and consult the chart on page 161 Summary of Unstressed Syllables That Do Not Have the Neutral Vowel 11 i and u are not used in diphthongs gt7 4 gt7 4 a 12 Note the use of l in words such as where their prayer e er etc Some Troublesome English Words with some solutions according to Madeline Marshall Singer s Manual of English Diction Examples of words that should employ the unaccented schwa ange roses commn presence needed never purpose handsome heaven sadness moumam sudden nddb BeaMWuPdoesnMLmeascmNa bju tI fUl notbju t fUl EngHshcon1 These epre xes are sung with open I ih when longer than a 16th note detht remember prepare bebved serene emo on beHeve bebved because be fo re between evade beside reveal The pre x de should never be pronounced as di dee unless it means a severance of some sort eg deplane our is a tripthong U Do not substitue a for ea in these words hand man happy glad shadow etc Separate egwith a glottal words where the ending sound of one and the beginning sound of the other are identical What counts is ifthe sound is identical not the spelling For example separate three eagles but do not separate three elves When a word of importance might be mistaken for a different word if not separated then the words should be separated For example my ears not years good aim not dame your age not rage beautiful eyes not lies am old not mold etc etc
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