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Poli Sci 4 - Week 6 Notes

by: Elena Stacy

Poli Sci 4 - Week 6 Notes PoliSci 4

Elena Stacy
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

This week we began the unit on "Conservatism", covering the introduction to Conservatism with historical context and basic overview of the Conservatism ideology.
Introdoction to Political Theory
Mark Bevir
Class Notes
conservatism, Political Theory, Political Ideologies, ideology, conservative, liberal, political science
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elena Stacy on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PoliSci 4 at University of California Berkeley taught by Mark Bevir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Introdoction to Political Theory in Political Science at University of California Berkeley.

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Date Created: 02/25/16
Political Theory Notes: Week 6 Lecture 9: Conservatism - Background Interpretations of Conservatism - Aristocratic o Social explanation - Pragmatic o Politically so o How to win o Maintaining power - Situational - Dispositional o More psychological way of explaining o Speaks to a need of certain people - Historical o Should be understood as a historical movement Varieties of Conservatism - Traditionalist - Whig - Romantic - Evangelical - Paternalist Traditionalist conservatism - Tories v. Whigs o Whigs considered more progressive Tory ideas - Order & natural law o Fend off anarchy and civil war - Hierarchical order of society o Aristocratic society o Believed God built this  Church was part of state  Church debates o Paternalistic Whig Conservatism - Whigs: constitution vs. absolutism o Whigs can be compared to American South o Opposed to hierarchy but not committed to radicalism of people like Thomas Pain o Constitutionalists - Whigs & “radicals” o American revolutionists  “whig” revolution  NOT RADICAL  NOT DEMOCRATIC o French revolutionists - Eg. Edmund Burke o Perfectionism based on abstract doctrine o Arbitrary - Counter-enlightenment o “conservative” only gets political connotations after French Revolution o Used to describe political restoration: 1820s France o Tories became the new Conservative party by 1935 Romantic Conservatism - Counter modernity o Cities/industry/market - Ideas of Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Simpler life o Architecture o Slower way of being o Traditional & Anti-modern Evangelical Conservatism - Questions modernity - Suffering comes from laws of nature - God rewards virtues o If you suffer, it’s because of God o If you succeed, it’s because of God o The results of the market are God’s will  The market will teach virtues Paternalist Conservatism - The social problem - Organicism & paternalism - Factory legislation - Ideas of Benjamin Disraeli, Andrew Mellon Lecture 10: Conservatism – Philosophy Human Nature - Humans as social beings o Conservatives critical of liberal rights and equality concepts o Society is a result of human nature and is necessary - Humans as imperfect beings o Theology and original sin o Arguments from experience  Ruled by passions  Ideas of David Hume and behavioral economics - Humans are historical beings o Conservatives focus on historical claims about humans o People are always imperfect  Always sin  Always greedy and passion focused  Not straightforward, logical reasoning What is the relationship of the individual to society? - Has anyone changed their mind about being a liberal after going through this reasoning? The limits of reason: - Human basis to “natural law” - Imperfect humans - Practical reason


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