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Week 1 First Lecture - Native Americans I

by: Maggie Funderburg

Week 1 First Lecture - Native Americans I 121

Marketplace > University of Alabama at Birmingham > History > 121 > Week 1 First Lecture Native Americans I
Maggie Funderburg
GPA 4.0

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First Lecture notes on Native Americans
The United States Since 1877
Dr. Colin Davis
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maggie Funderburg on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 121 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Dr. Colin Davis in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see The United States Since 1877 in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.


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Date Created: 02/25/16
Native Americans Intro Reservation Who? Conclusion Conflict  Chief Joseph Cheyenne Francis Walker  Nez Pierce Arapaho Commissioner of Indian Affairs  Sioux Pawnee Intro: ∙ Native Americans east of the Rockies and West Kansas ∙ The Great Plains – 1860s­1880s ∙ Native Americans are facing extermination - They are seen as disposable, untamable, ‘subhuman,’ etc. Who?: ∙ These Native Americans have been in the area for thousands of years ∙ They are a mobile society – constantly on the move - They’re following the bison (provides food, clothing, shelter, etc.) - Their culture revolves around bison Conflict: ∙ 1869 – transcontinental railroad connects east and west ∙ Native American life is dramatically altered by the people coming to the west ∙ Farmers are coming to the west of the trains ∙ Railroad junctions appear along the tracks - Towns are being formed around these junctions  - These towns become market centers for farmers - Eventually people being to stay in these towns and use barbed wire to mark off their land ∙ White hunters are hired to shoot bison to feed railroad workers - The hunters simply ride the trains and shoot the bison as they pass (it’s easy to do this because the  bison are not used to the hunters and they stand in large herds) ∙ The bison hides are sent back east to be sold and Americans love them - Eventually these ‘hunters’ are just killing the bison for their hides and leaving the carcasses ∙ Approximately 6 million bison are killed - By 1900 there are only 600 bison left ∙ Native Americans are very disturbed, they don’t understand why these white hunters are killing their  source of life ∙ Chief Joseph – leader of the Nez Perce  - Joseph sees the killing of the bison as a direct threat to Native American life - He also sees the barbed wire as a threat, stating, “The country was made without lines of  demarcation and it is no man’s business to divide it.”    ∙ The Sioux; Cheyenne; Arapaho; and Pawnee are the dominant nations in the West ∙ They are upset at the white’s immigration onto their land ∙ These tribes had signed treaties with the U.S. government and railroad companies but these treaties meant nothing to the government ∙ The Native Americans went to Francis Walker to complain about the white immigration onto native lands ∙ Francis Walker – Commissioner of Indian Affairs  - Walker says, “When dealing with savage men as with savage beasts, no question of national honor  can arise.” - Basically says that he doesn’t have to honor a treaty with Native Americans Reservation: ∙ American government comes up with the idea of reservations  ∙ They concentrate Native Americans into reservations - It is easier to locate and control them this way ∙ The government places Native Americans in areas that nobody wants to live - The Black Hills ∙ Native Americans who refuse to go to reservations are brutally attacked ∙ The Reservation policy is seen as a solution for white people ∙ Native Americans have a deep seated resentment toward whites  ∙ White migration does not stop  ∙ Native Americans are getting restless and frustrated ∙ In the 1870s gold is discovered in the Black Hills Reservation and white prospectors come swarming in


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