American Politics: Week 7 Notes
American Politics: Week 7 Notes POLS 1110 - 003
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POLS 1110 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Prince on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1110 - 003 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Jason Giersch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American Politics in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
American Politics Notes week 7 Meaning of Party ● Tasks of the parties ● Parties, voters, and Policy: Downs Model Tasks of the Parties ● Linkage institutions Parties, elections, interest groups, media ● Tasks that parties perform Pick candidates Run campaigns Give cues to voters Articulate policies Coordinate policies Parties, Voters, and Policy: Downs Model ● Rational choice theory Political scientist Anthony Downs’ model ● Most voters are moderate Center of political spectrum ● Parties seek voter loyalty Position themselves to left and right of center Party in the Electorate ● Party membership is psychological ● Citizens think they know what parties stand for ● Choose parties based on affinity with personal preferences ● More Americans identify as independents Party Organization: From the Grass Roots to Washington ● Local parties ● 50 state party systems ● National Party Organizations Local Parties ● One main party organization ● Party Machines Rewarded voters New York and Chicago ● Patronage Jobs for voters and contributors Progressive reforms ended this system 50 State Party Systems ● No two exactly alike Some wellfunded, some weak Permanent headquarters Provide technical services ● Open or closed primaries ● Straight ticket voting ● Single column or random list of candidates National Party Organizations ● National convention Meets every four years Writes party platform Formal nomination of candidates ● National committee Operates between conventions Led by national chairperson Party in Government: Promises and Policy ● Party in power determines policy ● Coalitions support parties ● Most presidents fail to implement campaign promises ● But they do live up to some of them ● Party platforms are blueprints Party Eras in American History ● 17961824: First party system ● 18281856: Jackson and democrats v. the Whigs ● 18601928: Two republican eras ● 19321964: New Deal Coalition ● 1958Present: Southern Realignment and the era of divided party government 17961824: First Party System ● Madison warned against factors ● Hamilton and the Federalist party Capitalist support, Northeast Short lived Ideas of loyal opposition and rotation of power new ● Jefferson and the DemocraticRepublicans Agrarian support, South Torn by factions 18281856: Jackson and Democrats v. the Whigs ● General Andrew Jackson as leader DemocraticRepublicans > Democratic Party New coalition in election of 1828 Westerners, Southerners, poor whites Broaden suffrage ● Martin Van Buren Theory of loyal opposition Whig party 18601928: Two Republican Eras ● 1850s: Slavery dominated politics Split both parties Republicans rose as antislavery policy Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War ● Second party realignment Lasted 60 years Democrats controlled the South ● 1896: Second Republican era Democrats and “free silver” 19321964: New Deal Coalition ● Hoover loses to FDR FDR promises new deal New coalition formed ● Elements of New Deal coalition Urban dwellers Labor unions Catholics and Jews The poor Southerners African Americans 1968Present: Southern Realignment and the Era of Divided Party Government ● Nixon’s Southern strategy Support for state’s rights, law and order, strong military posture Win southern Democrats ● Republicans did not have congress New pattern Divided government now normal ● Dealignment Third Parties: Their Impact on American Politics ● Three types of third parties Cause parties Offshoots of major parties Vehicles for individuals candidates ● Rarely win office but can affect elections ● Why only two parties? Understanding Political Parties ● Democracy and Responsible Party Government: How should we govern? ● American Political Parties and the Scope of government Democracy and Responsible Party Government: How should we govern? ● Responsible party model Distinct governing programs Internal cohesion and commitment Major party must implement program Major party must accept responsibility ● Party leadership weak in US “Blue Dog Democrats” Is this good or bad? American Politics and the Scope of Government ● Not as broad as in Europe Health care example Parties not disciplined ● Hard to cut spending Not disciplined enough to say “no” Get more for own constituents
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