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American Politics: Week 7 Notes

by: Makayla Prince

American Politics: Week 7 Notes POLS 1110 - 003

Makayla Prince
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These notes cover all material covered in week seven.
American Politics
Jason Giersch
Class Notes
political science, american politics
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Prince on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1110 - 003 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Jason Giersch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American Politics in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.

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Date Created: 02/25/16
American Politics  Notes­ week 7  Meaning of Party   ● Tasks of the parties   ● Parties, voters, and Policy: Downs Model     Tasks of the Parties  ● Linkage institutions  ­ Parties, elections, interest groups, media   ● Tasks that parties perform  ­ Pick candidates   ­ Run campaigns  ­ Give cues to voters  ­ Articulate policies  ­ Coordinate policies     Parties, Voters, and Policy: Downs Model  ● Rational choice theory   ­ Political scientist Anthony Downs’ model   ● Most voters are moderate  ­ Center of political spectrum   ● Parties seek voter loyalty   ­ Position themselves to left and right of center     Party in the Electorate  ● Party membership is psychological   ● Citizens think they know what parties stand for   ● Choose parties based on affinity with personal preferences   ● More Americans identify as independents     Party Organization: From the Grass Roots to Washington   ● Local parties   ● 50 state party systems   ● National Party Organizations     Local Parties   ● One main party organization   ● Party Machines  ­ Rewarded voters   ­ New York and Chicago   ● Patronage   ­ Jobs for voters and contributors  ­ Progressive reforms ended this system     50 State Party Systems   ● No two exactly alike   ­ Some well­funded, some weak   ­ Permanent headquarters   ­ Provide technical services   ● Open or closed primaries   ● Straight ticket voting  ● Single column or random list of candidates     National Party Organizations   ● National convention   ­ Meets every four years   ­ Writes party platform   ­ Formal nomination of candidates   ● National committee   ­ Operates between conventions   ­ Led by national chairperson     Party in Government: Promises and Policy  ● Party in power determines policy   ● Coalitions support parties   ● Most presidents fail to implement campaign promises   ● But they do live up to some of them  ● Party platforms are blueprints     Party Eras in American History  ● 1796­1824: First party system   ● 1828­1856: Jackson and democrats v. the Whigs  ● 1860­1928: Two republican eras   ● 1932­1964: New Deal Coalition   ● 1958­Present: Southern Realignment and the era of divided party government     1796­1824: First Party System   ● Madison warned against factors   ● Hamilton and the Federalist party   ­ Capitalist support, Northeast   ­ Short lived   ­ Ideas of loyal opposition and rotation of power new  ● Jefferson and the Democratic­Republicans   ­ Agrarian support, South   ­ Torn by factions     1828­1856: Jackson and Democrats v. the Whigs   ● General Andrew Jackson as leader   ­ Democratic­Republicans ­> Democratic Party   ­ New coalition in election of 1828   ­ Westerners, Southerners, poor whites   ­ Broaden suffrage   ● Martin Van Buren   ­ Theory of loyal opposition   ­ Whig party     1860­1928: Two Republican Eras   ● 1850s: Slavery dominated politics   ­ Split both parties   ­ Republicans rose as anti­slavery policy   ­ Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War   ● Second party realignment   ­ Lasted 60 years   ­ Democrats controlled the South   ● 1896: Second Republican era   ­ Democrats and “free silver”    1932­1964: New Deal Coalition   ● Hoover loses to FDR   ­ FDR promises new deal   ­ New coalition formed   ● Elements of New Deal coalition   ­ Urban dwellers   ­ Labor unions  ­ Catholics and Jews   ­ The poor   ­ Southerners   ­ African Americans     1968­Present: Southern Realignment and the Era of Divided Party Government   ● Nixon’s Southern strategy   ­ Support for state’s  rights, law and order, strong military posture  ­ Win southern Democrats   ● Republicans did not have congress   ­ New pattern   ­ Divided government now normal   ● Dealignment       Third Parties: Their Impact on American Politics   ● Three types of third parties   ­ Cause parties  ­ Offshoots of major parties   ­ Vehicles for individuals candidates   ● Rarely win office but can affect elections   ● Why only two parties?    Understanding Political Parties   ● Democracy and Responsible Party Government: How should we govern?  ● American Political Parties and the Scope of government     Democracy and Responsible Party Government: How should we govern?  ● Responsible party model   ­ Distinct governing programs   ­ Internal cohesion and commitment   ­ Major party must implement program   ­ Major party must accept responsibility   ● Party leadership weak in US  ­ “Blue Dog Democrats”   ­ Is this good or bad?    American Politics and the Scope of Government   ● Not as broad as in Europe   ­ Health care example   ­ Parties not disciplined   ● Hard to cut spending   ­ Not disciplined enough to say “no”  ­ Get more for own constituents  


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