CRJU (3) Crime Statistics
CRJU (3) Crime Statistics crju110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to crju110 at University of Delaware taught by Parker, Karen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE in Criminal Justice at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Crime Statistics 3 sources of info about crime Uniform Crime Report (UCR) only official source comes from FBI National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) comes from Dept. of Criminal Justice SelfReport Surveys (SRS) Newest source is The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) UCR crime stats are collected by branches of the criminal justice system (police departments) crime stats are compiled and shared by the FBI data are accumulated nationally as police officers report calls, crimes, and arrests, etc. Strengths it shows trends and patterns of crime over time it provides crime data at different levels Weaknesses recording practices are inconsistent police departments are inconsistent in how they document crime (discretion in arrests, reports, and in what to record) multiple offenses are not recorded, only the most serious crime some info gets lost when they make a plea deal states are delaying implementation of NIBRS because it will look like crime rates went up but really it's just how the info gets recorded different police departments and police officers may define a type of crime differently ex. police in major cities in FL don't want to deter tourism so they don't report prostitution or drug crimes not all jurisdictions report crime stats to the FBI rural, small police departments, etc. don't have the time, people, training, software, etc. to do it not all crimes are reported to the police Dark Figure of Crime: refers to those crimes that go unreported to officials 50% of all crimes never get reported according to the NCVS #1 lowest reported crime: rape 2nd lowest reported crime: aggravated assault (3 days hospitalization) overall crime reporting is up NCVS provides estimates of the victimization experience for the entire U.S population is designed to show the amount of criminal victimization occurring in the U.S. even when such victimization does not com to the attention of the police Strengths gets at the Dark Face of Crime and why crimes go unreported provides information on the victims of crime (attitudes, cost of crime, injuries, weapon use, beliefs about crime and punishment based on probability sampling (random and representative Weakness high costs the data are dependent on the recall of the respondents some individuals may not remember details of the crime respondents are not likely to report failed attempts (UCR does) people may define crime differently than the criminal justice officials respondents often fail to report certain types of crimes and/or crimes that involve acquaintances or relatives of the victim only 13% of homicides are committed by strangers in collecting information, only one person per household is interviewed major variation noted in reporting by respondent’s race, sex, age, income, and education SRS ask people to state if (and how often) they have engaged in acts that could be defined as criminal or delinquent Strengths gets at the Dark Figure of Crime provides detailed demographic information on offenders (schools attendance, family situation, conventional activities, and other individual and theoretical information) a source of info on attitudes and beliefs of those who engage in criminal activity Weaknesses lack of standard reporting format; vague measures of criminal involvement are often used (never, often, and sometimes) asks only about trivial offenses (general delinquency, status offenses, etc.) ex. of status offense: running away, ungovernable behavior, skipping school dependent on the recall of the respondent dependent on the willingness of respondents to answer truthfully school environment with teachers walking around, not willing to fill it out honestly lack of validity; tendency to falsify info or exaggerate involvement of crime How do UCR and NCVS compare?
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