Psychology notes: Learning
Psychology notes: Learning PSYC 1101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cheyenne prather on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at East Georgia State College taught by Dr. Dacian Dolean in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at East Georgia State College.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Psychology notes: Learning Learning Learning: change in behavior that results from experience Learning occurs by: o Positive reinforcement: the desired behavior increases because we are being rewarded by a positive stimulus Example: Receiving compliments on your outfit will increase the chance of you wearing it again o Negative reinforcement: the desired behavior increases because we are being rewarded by the removal of a negative stimulus Example: Annoying sound stops when you put your car seatbelt on o Punishment: the desired behavior decreases by introduction of a new stimulus Example: Shouting “No!” when a toddler gets too close to a swimming pool o Extinction: the desired behavior decreases by failure to reward a behavior Example: Ignoring text messages of an annoying boyfriend 1. Classical conditioning a. Learning through association between stimuli before a response occurs b. Usually involves simple reflexes Factors that affect learning through classical conditioning: o Timing o Predictability o Intensity o Frequency 2. Operant conditioning a. Learning in which the consequences of a response determine the probability that the response will be repeated, or not b. One learns a response by operating in the environment 3. Cognitive learning a. Insight learning: working through a problem until a sudden realization of a solution occurs b. Latent learning: “hidden” learning that occurs without apparent reinforcement and that is not revealed in performance until later c. Observational learning: learning by observing and imitating the behavior of others d. Learned helplessness: a tendency to give up on efforts to control the environment
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