Notes from 2/23 and 2/25
Notes from 2/23 and 2/25 1500
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicolas Jarrell on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1500 at Ohio State University taught by Keren Wilson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Logic in PHIL-Philosophy at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
2/23/16 Fallacies of Ambiguity Equivocation: conclusion depends on an ambiguous term being used in more than 1 way Amphiboly: ambiguous statement sentence can be taken more than one way, but you can take it the wrong way Grammatical Fallacies Composition: inferring that the whole has some attribute because the part or parts do Division: inferring the parts have some attribute because the whole does 2/25/16 Categorical Statements: they make very clear claims puts together 2 categories of things it associates 2 classes, or parts of things All S’s are P’s Universal Affirmation No S’s are P’s Universal Negative Some S’s are P’s Particular Affirmation Some S’s are not P’s Particular negative Universal when it makes an assertion about all the members of the class Particular makes a claim about some of the members denoted by the subject term Affirmation Affirming that something is the case Negations denying that something is the case All football players are athletes universal affirmation All S’s are P’s infers that some P’s are S’s
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