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Refugees and Asylum Seekers

by: Sarah Daniel

Refugees and Asylum Seekers International Studies 14

Sarah Daniel


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About this Document

These notes cover Professor Hardt's lecture on Refugees and Asylum Seekers.
Introduction to International Relations
Heidi hardt
Class Notes
International Relations/Refugees/ Asylum Seekers
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Daniel on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to International Studies 14 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Heidi hardt in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in International Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.

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Date Created: 02/25/16
Stereotypes and Misconceptions  People believe refugees are bad people. LGBT, women and children refugees are hurt. Most  believe the refugee crisis happens in Europe only.This is not true.    Legal Terms  ● UNHCR­ The UN Refugee Agency. Created in 1950. Given a three year mandate to help  European refugees. They viewed refugees as a short term problem. It's not a short term  problem. because of WWII  ● Refugees­ people who are afraid of being persecuted for race, religion, nationality,  membership of social group, or political opinion is outside the country of his nationality  and is unable or owing to such fear is willing to    of protection of that country.   ● Migrant­ Choice to move in the hope of improving their conditions  ● Asylum Seekers­someone who claims to be a refugee but their claim has not yet been  evaluated. In making this claim, they are seeking protection of government.   ● Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)­ Individuals who have fled their home but have not  crossed not an international border. they are still within their country of nationality. This is  how they're different from. Largest population of concern for the UNHCR. For example.  people in Syria who just couldn't make it out.  ● Stateless person­ Individuals without nationality­ Not citizenship, either state doesn't  recognize them as a citizen or they are just not citizen. no birth certificate, no social  security number. Hard to get a job (  ● Returnees­ Group of refugees who finally get to voluntarily go home because things in  their home have improved. this is the ideal outcome of refugees. This is rare  Highlighting Refugees­ You must meet all of this criteria in order to apply for asylum  ● Well founded fear­ is your fear rational  ● 5 Categories of persecution  1. Race   2. Religional­   3. Nationality  4. Social Group Membership  5. Political Opinion  ● you can't apply for asylum unless you cross the border  ● No Reasonable expectation of state protection­ state must be persecuting you    Complications and Critiques  ● who gets left out of international protection  1. women  2. Environmental refugees­ people whose islands are disappearing, so they're forced to  leave  3. States must persecute you, but what if it's the rebels or terrorists or non state actors who  are persecuting you.       International and Regional Law  1951 Convention  ● Definition  ● Sets a time limit­ only claim asylum if you fled after 1951  ● Articles 33 and 31­ Article 33 Not return. A country can send someone back if they're  going to be persecuted. Article 32 says you can be penalized if you don't have  documents. this doesn't happen in real life. A person must get documents to apply  ● 1979 Protocol­ lifts the time limit  ● 1969 OAU Convention­ expands definition under which you can claim to be a refugee  foreign aggression. events that disrupt public orders  ● 1984 Cartagena Declaration­ expands definition under which you can claim to be a  refugee foreign domination and serious human rights violations    Sub­ Saharan Africa has the most refugees and IDPs. They're just stuck in Africa because they  can't make it to Europe and northern african countries won't accept them    Lived Realities  ● Treacherous paths to protection  ● Refugee Camps­ not safe  ● Syrian Refugee Crisis 


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