Psychology Notes 2/23/16
Psychology Notes 2/23/16 1557
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1557 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Manos Akillas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (PSY 11) in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Psychopathology: Mood Disorders Symptoms: Manic and Depressive Episodes Manic→ mood is abnormally high extreme cases: sleep loss, heart attack Depressive→ mood is abnormally low extreme cases: can’t talk *both can be anywhere from mild to extreme episodes Major Depression -Very low mood (severely), can’t enjoy things -no energy, cries a lot -trouble sleeping or oversleeping -usually needs to be hospitalized Dysthymic Disorder -mild depression -not severe enough to be hospitalized Bipolar Disorder -manic and depressive episodes, very severe -may need to be hospitalized Cyclothymic Disorder -moods changes very quickly or over a length of time -significant shifts between manic and depressive Depression and Suicide -high suicide risk when they begin to recover -may be because they have more energy -sometimes they create the impression that they are doing better when they actually aren’t Psychopathology: Somatoform Disorders Somatoform Pain and Signal Pain -experiences pain, yet there is nothing wrong physically -most of the pain is psychological and difficult to tolerate -mind creates it as an alarm to stop what you’re doing (signal pain) -physical pain is more like pressure and more tolerable Somatization -when someone complains about a large number of symptoms that doesn’t make sense and there’s nothing wrong with them -person pays too much attention to their own body -happens a lot with the elderly Hypochondriasis -the belief that you have an illness even though the doctor(s) say otherwise Conversion Disorder (hysteria) -Losing function of an organ or body part even though there is nothing physically wrong ex. blindness, paralysis -Common 100 years ago, rare today -Seems to be based off of societal factors and the rates of expectations Studies on Hysterical Blindness -presented the blind with a light and turned it on and off, asking them which they thought it was -they mostly guessed wrong, which proved they could see it because they were giving too many wrong answers -examined individual life history of everyone and didn’t find any reasons for why they would lie about being blind (no benefits) -repeated the experiment and explained to the blind that they were giving too many wrong answers when they answered, which caused them to get frustrated but no other changes in behavior *Concluded: the blind could see the light, but they were seeing it subconsciously, they didn’t know they could see it Psychopathology: Dissociative Disorders -A phenomena involving a split in consciousness -Separating things and not letting certain parts be active Depersonalization -experience life as it if were not real, like in a dream -extremely common, not abnormal -only a disorder if it bothers the person -50% of the world’s population experience it several times a day Dissociative Psychogenic Amnesia -forgetting something (for emotional reasons) that you should be able to remember ex. abused children forgetting the abuse -too painful to remember in most cases Psychogenic Fugue -very rare a controversial (some think it’s not real) -involves complete loss of memory except of the skills or knowledge that you’ve already learned, you just don’t know how you know it -causes panics, hospitalization Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality) -Relatively rare -part of consciousness assumes different identity -person doesn’t feel comfortable with certain feelings, so they shift personalities and truly don’t believe that they did something connected to those feelings