SOC 100 Week 6
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AM 270 at Colorado State University taught by Ruoh-Nan Yan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Merchandising processes in General at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Week 6 Chapter 4 social interaction in everyday life Activity with personal space o Men and women asked to walk toward another person and raise hand when the other gets close enough o Femaletofemale was closest o Femaletomale was furthest Social construction of language o Examples of different meaning of synonyms Unemployed vs. between jobs Girls vs. women Handicapped vs. exceptional child Colored people vs. people of color Sexually active vs. promiscuous Used car vs. preowned car o Not just communicating, it is shaping ours and others reality o Humor o Product of reality construction o Humor provides a way to express an opinion without being serious, relieves tension o Humor often is a sign of real conflict o Can be used in malicious way o Is serious in the manner in which we use it When would you help or harm someone? o Good way to analyze human interaction Chapter 5 groups and organizations Organizations have become increasingly important in society o We interact with more, larger groups on daily basis than previous generations o Class poll 1/5 has worked in a fast food restaurant Social group o Definition: two or more people who identify and interact with one another Class poll almost none would like fewer significant relationships Majority have right number 40% would like more o Primary social groups intimate, really know a person Relationship exists/is worthwhile because of the other person (relationship itself) Personal orientation Usually long duration Broad relationship involving many activities Goal, end Ex: Families, spouses, best friends, o Secondary social Groups Relationship exists due to circumstance, goal (not about the person/relationship) Goal orientation Variable duration, often short term Narrow relationship involving few activities Means to an end Ex: work colleagues, other students The Temporary Society (Bennis & Slater) o Movement from having less primary relationships to more secondary relationships o Consequences of this change: 1. Individuation more separated from personal/reliable groups 2. Concomitant feelings of alienation Feelings of being lost/unfulfilled 3. Interchangeability Any person with same set of skills expected to work just as well in any area and not get hung up on personal considerations Ex: Motel or Fast Food chains will be the same throughout the world 4. Otherdirectedness Deciding what to do based off of how well one can fit in to the group As opposed to Tradition Directedness (look to past for input), Inner Directedness (self, regardless of others) 5. Intensification of marital relationships The small, personal groups that people used to turn to for support are no longer there As a result people rely completely on spouse/family for support o Puts more pressure on family than in previous years Formal organization o A highly structured secondary group formed for the purpose of achieving specific goals in the most efficient manner o Trade personal relationships for professional advancement and more secondary relationships o A bureaucracy Bureaucracy o Rational model designed to perform complex tasks efficiently o Max Weber Said that bureaucracies are much more efficient than previous primary groups Said they were the key to raising standard of living Listed 6 elements to promote organizational efficiency Specialization of duties o Allows people to become experts in certain activities due to not having to do everything else Hierarchy of offices o Organizes specialized duties o Evaluate/manage based purely off of performance and not personal Rules and regulations o Allows for impersonal organization Technical competence o Employment based on technical abilities Impersonality o All are equal Formal, written communications o Rise in standard of living would not be possible without this organization Personal needs/wants are not addressed Problems with bureaucracy o Bureaucratic alienation Bureaucracy designed to treat people as segmented pieces (how good their brain, hands, legs are) Leads to boredom, possible acting out by employees o Bureaucratic inefficiency and ritualism In attempt to become efficient, bureaucracies can become inefficient Following rules rather than common sense can lead to inefficiency/problems o Bureaucratic Inertia Bureaucracy may not be able to adapt o With new computer technology, privacy has declined In search for efficiency, bureaucracies control the flow of information and privacy has decreased Example: Apple vs. FBI o Time orientation Time has become more valuable We have broken time down into smaller increments, which has influenced our opinions on time Ex: changes to baseball to make it faster “time is money” Psychological time: our reaction to the time we have In Praise of Slowness book by Carl Honore Damage caused by speeding up every aspect of our lives o Health, environment, society in general o Ex: Honore began to speed read bedtime stories for his son, made him realize the effect of the “roadrunner” culture Cause of acceleration of society: how we think about time itself o Thinking of time as linear use it or lose it (time is scarce) o Makes use try to exploit time to the fullest People realizing the damage this causes led to Slow Movement o Slow Food, slow cities, alternative medicine, slow sex, lower working hours, Clicker question: Do you think you have enough free time? Barely any said too much Most said not enough Rest said they had enough In the future how do you think this will change In general, thought free time would not change much Slightly more said they would have less Goal of Life? Ones with the most toys when they die, win! bumper sticker Ones with the most toys when they die, still die! bumper sticker Many more written words Lords prayer 66 words Declaration of independence 1322 Govt regulation on sale of cabbage 26,911
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