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SOC 100 Week 6

by: luke koppa

SOC 100 Week 6 AM 270

luke koppa
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Covers chapter 4 Social Interaction in Everyday Life and chapter 5 Groups and Organizations
Merchandising processes
Ruoh-Nan Yan
Class Notes
sociology, SOC 100, Social Interaction, Groups and Organizations
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AM 270 at Colorado State University taught by Ruoh-Nan Yan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Merchandising processes in General at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 02/26/16
Week 6 Chapter 4 social interaction in everyday life  Activity with personal space o Men and women asked to walk toward another person and raise hand when the  other gets close enough  o Female­to­female was closest o Female­to­male was furthest   Social construction of language o Examples of different meaning of synonyms   Unemployed vs. between jobs  Girls vs. women  Handicapped vs. exceptional child  Colored people vs. people of color  Sexually active vs. promiscuous   Used car vs. pre­owned car o Not just communicating, it is shaping ours and others reality  o  Humor o Product of reality construction o Humor provides a way to express an opinion without being serious, relieves  tension o Humor often is a sign of real conflict o Can be used in malicious way  o Is serious in the manner in which we use it  When would you help or harm someone? o Good way to analyze human interaction  Chapter 5 groups and organizations   Organizations have become increasingly important in society o We interact with more, larger groups on daily basis than previous generations o Class poll­ 1/5 has worked in a fast food restaurant   Social group o Definition: two or more people who identify and interact with one another   Class poll­ almost none would like fewer significant relationships  Majority have right number  40% would like more  o Primary social groups­ intimate, really know a person  Relationship exists/is worthwhile because of the other person (relationship itself)  Personal orientation  Usually long duration  Broad relationship­ involving many activities  Goal, end  Ex: Families, spouses, best friends,  o Secondary social Groups  Relationship exists due to circumstance, goal (not about the  person/relationship)  Goal orientation  Variable duration, often short term  Narrow relationship­ involving few activities  Means to an end  Ex: work colleagues, other students   The Temporary Society (Bennis & Slater) o Movement from having less primary relationships to more secondary  relationships  o Consequences of this change:  1. Individuation­   more separated from personal/reliable groups  2. Concomitant feelings of alienation  Feelings of being lost/unfulfilled   3. Interchangeability  Any person with same set of skills expected to work just as well in  any area and not get hung up on personal considerations   Ex: Motel or Fast Food chains­ will be the same throughout the  world  4. Other­directedness  Deciding what to do based off of how well one can fit in to the  group  As opposed to Tradition Directedness (look to past for input),  Inner Directedness (self, regardless of others)  5. Intensification of marital relationships  The small, personal groups that people used to turn to for support  are no longer there   As a result­ people rely completely on spouse/family for support  o Puts more pressure on family than in previous years   Formal organization o A highly structured secondary group formed for the purpose of achieving specific  goals in the most efficient manner o Trade personal relationships for professional advancement and more secondary  relationships o A bureaucracy   Bureaucracy  o Rational model designed to perform complex tasks efficiently  o Max Weber  Said that bureaucracies are much more efficient than previous primary  groups  Said they were the key to raising standard of living  Listed 6 elements to promote organizational efficiency  Specialization of duties o Allows people to become experts in certain activities due to not having to do everything else   Hierarchy of offices o Organizes specialized duties o Evaluate/manage based purely off of performance and not  personal  Rules and regulations o Allows for impersonal organization  Technical competence o Employment based on technical abilities   Impersonality o All are equal  Formal, written communications o Rise in standard of living would not be possible without this organization  Personal needs/wants are not addressed   Problems with bureaucracy  o Bureaucratic alienation   Bureaucracy designed to treat people as segmented pieces (how good their brain, hands, legs are)  Leads to boredom, possible acting out by employees o Bureaucratic inefficiency and ritualism  In attempt to become efficient, bureaucracies can become inefficient  Following rules rather than common sense can lead to  inefficiency/problems o Bureaucratic Inertia  Bureaucracy may not be able to adapt o With new computer technology, privacy has declined  In search for efficiency, bureaucracies control the flow of information and  privacy has decreased   Example: Apple vs. FBI  o Time orientation   Time has become more valuable  We have broken time down into smaller increments, which has influenced  our opinions on time  Ex: changes to baseball to make it faster  “time is money”  Psychological time: our reaction to the time we have  In Praise of Slowness­ book by Carl Honore  Damage caused by speeding up every aspect of our lives o Health, environment, society in general  o Ex: Honore began to speed read bedtime stories for his son, made him realize the effect of the “roadrunner” culture   Cause of acceleration of society: how we think about time itself o Thinking of time as linear­ use it or lose it (time is scarce) o Makes use try to exploit time to the fullest   People realizing the damage this causes­ led to Slow Movement o Slow Food, slow cities, alternative medicine, slow sex,  lower working hours,   Clicker question: Do you think you have enough free time?  Barely any said too much  Most said not enough  Rest said they had enough  In the future how do you think this will change  In general, thought free time would not change much  Slightly more said they would have less  Goal of Life?  Ones with the most toys when they die, win!­ bumper sticker  Ones with the most toys when they die, still die!­ bumper sticker  Many more written words  Lords prayer­ 66 words  Declaration of independence ­1322  Govt regulation on sale of cabbage­ 26,911


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