Speech 2050 Notes 02/22
Speech 2050 Notes 02/22 Speech 2050
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tia Spears on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Speech 2050 at Georgia State University taught by Bellon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Media, Culture and Society in Speech at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Motion Pictures (chapter 7) The History of Motion Pictures The basic principle of silver nitrate photography (still photographs) was discovered in 1727. Actual motion was not captured on film until 1872 (Muybridge). o IN 1878, Muybridge produced his first famous series of horse pictures. o Practical film technology wasn't developed until 1888. The French were the first to show a film for entertainment (and monetary) value in 1895. o This was made possible by the Lumiere brothers. o They invented the cinematograph, which allowed multiple people to see movies on a large screen o The first public movie theater was opened in 1896 (Melies) Films were largely considered scientific curiosities in the U.S. until well after 1900. Why? o because of the horse argument Narrative film making rapidly popularized movies. The first narrative films were produced in the early 1900's in the US In 1914, the first "Movie Palace" was opening in the US o Large, full- time single screen movie theaters o Designed to make audiences comfortable (as opposed to previous "nickelodeon" theaters) One of the most influential early American actors was Mary Pickford o She was so popular that producers had to pay her higher and higher salaries. o In 1919, she formed United Artists, along with Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin, and others o UA was the first movie company formed by actors Sound came to movies in 1927 The Attendance Peak & What Happened Next 1946 was the movie attendance peak Why did the (relative) popularity of movies decline after that time? o Post WWII "Baby Boom" means families move to the suburbs Families have less money Few money theaters in the suburbs The anti-communist "witch hunts" of the 1940's and 1950's give Hollywood a bad name The arrival of popular TV in the 1950's gives movies a serious competitor. The invention of VCR's in the 1970's means you don't have to go to the theater anymore Attendance hit a low point in the late 1960's and has stayed steadily low since And yet movies survived o Movies are a bigger business than they were before all these things
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