Film 2700 Week 7 Notes
Film 2700 Week 7 Notes FILM 2700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Graham on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FILM 2700 at Georgia State University taught by Ahmet Yuce in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF MOTION PICTURES in Film at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
2/23 GENRE! Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC) Established by Edison in 1908 (New Jersey) Wanted monopoly on films, to force his rivals to become partners with him Stopped existing in 1913 because his patents expired Many filmmakers went to California b/c Cali laws didn’t uphold the patent First Hollywood Studio: Inceville Created by Thomas Harper Ince in 1912 Huge layout, similar to Universal lot Domination of Studio Production begins 1920s… why? i. European artists move to US post-WWI, influx of cheap, qualified labor ii. Vertical integration (studios control production, exhibition, and distribution), producer becomes most important (i)+(ii)= cheaper and easier to make MORE films! More films = more money Requires standardization (logic of mass production)… GENRES *Genre: a category of film in which each film shares a set of common codes* Standardization > genre > “assembly line production” of almost identical products with slight differences Early Film Genres 1) Slapstick comedy a. Dominant genre 1910s-1920s (ends with intro of sound) b. Source= pantomime c. Father of slapstick= Mack Sennett i. Established Keystone Studios in CA in 1912 ii. First fully enclosed studio environment iii. Actor, director, and producer iv. Sometimes made 100 short films in a year v. “Too Many Burglars” (1911) d. Exaggerated acting e. Physically humorous performances (physical comedy) f. Cartoonish violence g. Humorous tension between human being and X (nature, machine, other person, etc) h. Ex: Tom and Jerry First sound film in 1927: sound kills slapstick Charlie Chaplin First feature: “The Kid” (1921) o Also remember “Gold Rush” (1925) and “Modern Times” (1936) Influenced by Sennett Added characterization and psychological depth to Sennett’s comedy style Used genre for criticizing social/political inequality Introduced logic of seriality to feature length films (The Little Tramp: same character in every film) Tension between human and X used for critiques 2) Screwball Comedy a. Dominant in 1930s b. Popular after intro of sound c. Verbal comedies d. Humorous tension between genders e. Popular during Great Depression i. Male social anxiety (“women are in the work force, oh no”; “how am I going to feed my family like a man”) relieved through comedy f. Ex: “It Happened One Night” (Frank Capra, 1934), “Philadelphia Story” (George Cukor, 1946) 3) Westerns (1950s) a. Civilization versus savagery b. Law vs outlaw c. Settled town vs nature d. Cowboy vs Indians e. Hero (white male) vs Villain f. Women used as objects to exchange between sides th g. Struggle b/n parties takes place on frontier in the 19 century American West h. Context: 1950s, Cold War i. Westerns remind audience of the myth of the birth of the US Ideology: creates perspective, always tries to hide that it is a construction of reality, presents itself as the only natural, unmediated version of reality
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