HDFS 1070 Week 6 Notes (Exam 2)
HDFS 1070 Week 6 Notes (Exam 2) HDFS 1070
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Toddler Years 22216 Lecture Notes Taking on Parenting Roles What is a role 0 A role is a transition that requires you to make a commitment In this instance it is a transition into a role that requires you to make a commitment to how you are going to parent your children What is the relationship between the concepts of roles and identities 0 Parenting strategies and styles need to be developed The home environment is clearly affected by parenting style 2 Dimensions of Parenting RolesParenting Strategies parenting styles differ in how committed the parents are to nurturing and responding to the child s needs Parents are variable to these 2 dimensions gt Nurturance or responsiveness o Comforting to the child gt Control or demandingness 0 Discipline and regulation of children s behavior 0 How demanding the parent is a May not necessarily care if the children feel loved Determinants of Parenting Styles Belsky What in uences how you parent Every parent evolves their own unique style of parenting based on these factors gt Cultural context 0 Some cultures have more emphasis on nurturance and responsiveness or control and demandingness 0 Culture provides a context for how we parent our children 0 Ex Asian countries don t necessarily want their children to feel loved more so want their children to succeed gt Cohort and historical era a At different points in time there are different points in emphasis on how to better raise your children a Different theories and practices that are emphasized by the pediatricians and experts 9 in uences how parents approach parenting 0 Ex How to position a newborn in the crib changes through different time periods 0 Ex Importance of nurturance has changed throughout time gt Developmental History of the Parent 0 How we were parented in uences how we parent 0 We parent our children in reaction to how we were parented I If you like how you were parented will model yourself on that I If didn t will change those parenting strategies so you parent your children differently than you were parented I There is an equal probability of liking or disliking aspects of how you were parented gt Characteristics of the child a Temperament some babies are more agreeable than others 0 Wantedness of a child sex of the child whether or not the parents wanted that sex physical characteristics if parent focuses on a physical characteristic of their child that makes them uncomfortable the environment of that child will be different gt Contextual sources of stress 0 Most have an easy time transitioning into parenthood o The more stressed a parent is the more likely he or she will not be able to meet the child s needs because they are less responsive and less empathetic gt Contextual sources of support 0 Being isolated and alone increases the stress that a parent has 0 Dynamically involved with contextual sources of stress Contrasting Mothers and Fathers Across the Transition to Parenthood 0 Babies have traditionalizing effects on parents This spills over into the parenting domain of the mother she becomes primarily responsible for the physical and emotional needs of the baby Quantitative Differences gt No surprises here 0 Mothers are more involved fathers are normatively less involved gt Is this changing 0 Yes father involvement has increased 0 Now parenting is mothering AND fathering rather than just mothering o Fathers do more today Qualitative Differences gt Caresupervision vs playstimulation o Fathers play more with their babies and young children more than the mothers I Fathers do this best importance of play in the development of the child it provides stimulation excites the child s mind and helps children learn about social interactions and social exchanges It is an important stimulation that encourages physical mental cognitive social and emotional development I Babies respond with more excitement towards their fathers than their mothers because of this gt Consequences of these gender divisions 0 Men can be just as nurturing as women can Fathers are not expected to act in a nurturing and maintenance sort of way because it is the mother s domain They are left to freely participate in the play domain 0 Ex Mothers are less involved in play when at a recreational facility than fathers They sit and talk to other mothers on the side while fathers would be involved in every activity the children do Factors In uencing Father Involvement gt The Mediation Rule of Father Involvement in uenced by 2 basic factors highlighted as important for the exam 0 Mediated through the relationship with the mom I If the father has a good relationship with the mom he is more involved with children I If a mother wants a father involved with her kids she has to work on having a good relationship with him I If he feels there isn t a good relationship he becomes minimally involved with their kids often because he doesn t feel comfortable 0 Maternal Gatekeeping I Mothers regulate how fathers are involved with kids I Mothers see themselves as the experts and so do fathers fathers see the mothers as experts 0 Provide guidance and control on how the fathers are involved with the kids I Why do mom s gatekeep I Because mothers feel obligated to tell the father how to do things with the children a This minimizes the fathers involvement except in play I There should be competence experienced on both ends rather than just with the mother a It is purely a social construction that females know more about children Toddler Years roughly 24 0 Primary things we do with babies is nurture them but once they get motile and verbally competent we start to demand that they socially control themselves 0 Developmental Tasks if one or more of these aren t developed a child is at a disadvantage 0 Parents are to provide a broader environment which allows for the experience of developmental tasks gt Elaboration of locomotion 0 Being able to increase sensory and motor skills in an environment 0 All cognitive development is in uenced by sensory motor stimulation a lot of visual auditory and physical experiences 0 The toy industry overlooks the fact that all the senses need to be stimulated and can happen naturally can happen with just the stimulation from the natural world I Technology screens are not sensory motor stimulation they constrict it I If a child uses their natural environment their cognitive development goes up tremendously I Ex Babies sleep better When they are outside With sunlight gt Fantasy and play a Fantasy around 23 years of age children develop the ability to construct fantasies to think about their world by using fantasy and symbolism o Semeiotic thinking cognitive ability to use symbols to stand for something else I Ex A child takes a box and pretends to live in a cave this is not taught this comes from the stimulation of their own mind and cognitive development I Can be used as a threshold to generate all kinds of cognitive stimulation I Important foundation for fantasy play and assertion of mastery over their environment I Looking at TV and tablet screens do not stimulate semeiotic thinking gt Language development communication With others through language gt Social control learning the regulation of emotion in social settings Locomotion and the need for self assertion and mastery 0 Fantasy and Play 0 Fantasy 0 Based on the ability to think symbolically o Semiotic Thinking the use of mental symbols words and objects to stand for something else 0 The relationship between semiotic thinking fantasy play and self assertion and mastery is important 0 Play important foundation for social development 0 Important role in facilitating the development of cognitive and social skills a Master social skills in peer relationships and peer interactions could be through play 0 Cognitive progressions in play I From concrete to symbolic pretend and fantasy creativity etc 0 Social Progressions noted in play I From parallel to social 0 All babies start out participating in parallel play not social not interactional They play in parallel to other babies Ex In sandbox all babies do their own thing 0 At 23 social play kicks in Play With others and start to exchange ideas 0 Amount of stimulation and social skill building activities go up exponentially What do we know about parents and children s play gt Gender training begins at the moment of birth gt A lot gender training and instruction plays itself out in how the parents regulate the play of their sons versus their daughters gt Parents engage in two types of play encouraged through how they engage in play with the child and the toys that are provided 0 Sociable play for daughters 0 Active play for sons gt Restricted structure of boy s play 0 Parents are really anxious when their sons play in gender inappropriate ways 0 Ex Dress up If a daughter puts on her father s clothes and shoes the parents take a picture while if a son puts on his mother s shoes and lipstick the parents usually don t approve o The worst thing you can say to a little boy is You re acting like a girl The Language Acquisition Process 0 LAD Language Acquisition Device gt We are born with the ability to abstract out of the environment the meaning of words and the rules for the use of language 0 Born to biological language acquisition device in order to acquire language 0 Babies with hearing disabilities don t hear language at the same rate and frequency as others so language is delayed I Lose the capacity to hear language and produce it around the age of 8 gt Process of Acquisition is consistent across cultures and languages naturally learned 0 One Word Utterances around 1 year I Meaning depends on context I Use key words to communicate I Learn the length 0 Two word sentences 1820 months I Telegraphic speech organized around a small number of consistently used words 0 Around Age Three I Rapid expansion of competence and performance I Use of the structural rules of language I Overgeneralization of rules 0 Ex Is this icecream for we 0 Ex We goed outside 0 Wiggle and waggle 0 Ex The worm is wiggling 0 Ex The dog is waggling his tail 0 Ex What s a fivehead Basic Points gt The onset is maturational 0 determined by your genetics so children start using it at different times a range of normal variances gt Linguistic competence precedes linguistic performance gt Language rich environment promotes both competence and performance 0 O O O Competence of language is always way ahead of the performance Your kids understand what you say to them more than they can produce Sca olding building conversations with kids Prompting say talk to me more or what do you want to do I The more scaffolding and prompting we do the more the child s language expands Relationship between poverty and exposure to language I Very important I Children in poverty are exposed to billions of less words in their first years of life 0 Because their parents don t know that it is important also don t read and scaffold and prompt I School rating is based on how much language you are exposed to I Intervention is based on the value of increasing the value of their language exposure Sabatelli Ronald Toddler Years HDFS 1070 University of Connecticut Storrs 22 February 2016 Lecture Toddler Years Pt 2 22416 Lecture Notes Social Control and the Psychosocial Crisis Dominant theme for toddlers selfassertion and mastery 0 Assert themselves because they want to gain mastery over the world after they have gained mastery over their bodies even though it may create con ict between them and their caretaker it is an adaptive way of being in the world Dominant Theme vs Social Control Psychosocial Crisis 0 When a toddler wants to assert their dominance but is stopped by the caretaker to do something else 0 Have to learn social regulation and self regulation 0 Ex Terrible 2 s con ict between self assertion social control and selfregulation tension Erikson s Characterization of this Crisis 0 Dominant tension between the individual and societal expectations and demands 0 Each stage of life is characterized by a stage specific crisis that comes from stage specific anxiety from social expectations and demands 0 Ex Infancy psychosocial demand is learning to trust Crisis Autonomy vs ShameDoubt 0 It is preconditioned in children to act autonomously control themselves regulate themselves in socially appropriate ways 0 Shamedoubt the opposite of autonomy according to Erikson o Shame feeling like a failure in the eyes of others Think others are judging you negatively as acting inappropriately as failing to live up to their expectations I So important in the toddler years of psychosocial crisis because kids are asserting themselves and trying to master things 9 as they try to master these things don t succeed at first because they make mistakes We as parents have a responsibility to guide them and provide them with the tools to succeed If we don t do that and instead judge them harshly they will expect others to do the same and will therefore feel ashamed Central Process Imitation 0 The central process is what is needed to succeed at resolving the crisis 0 Erikson is saying that kids learn best in this age range and require the skills that they need and the tools that they need to succeed through imitation 0 Children are natural mimics Ex Cant give a child instructions for dressing show them instead 0 Little kids learn best through being shown how to master a task 0 When kids are successful at mastering they develop a prime adaptive ego quality will Prime Adaptive Ego Quality Will 0 Kids are infused with good qualities such as gt Inner determination positive coping when given a problem don t give up easily gt Persistence Core Pathology Compulsion gt Overcome with Anxiety when challenged to either act autonomously or take on new tasks gt People who doubt themselves and expect to be shamed and see themselves as failures in the eyes of others when given challenges they think too much about the issue over think the situation and their thoughts are overcome by negative themes wont be able to overcome the challenge 0 Creates different experiences The Parenting of Toddlers 0 In infancy the psychosocial crisis of social attachment and trust the failure to successfully negotiate that period results in kids being prone to have anxiety about whether they matter and can trust people This outcome is very different from living in the world believing others can be trusted and not being overcome with anxiety Those who are excessively anxious about their competency don t like challenges and take the easy paths This all revolves around the parentchild relationship in the early years I Parents family moves out from there 0 Two Primary Tasks of Parents gt Develop an Individuation Enhancing Style of Parenting 0 Promoting autonomy and providing tools for success gt Develop Strategies for Discipline o Characterized by the parents being present but not intrusive and supportive of their children De ning Individuation Individuation Enhancing Parenting Styles gt Present gt Not Intrusive gt Provide support for Ageappropriate Autonomy and Mastery o If fail will provide with some guidance 0 Provide the information that kids need to succeed Individuation Inhibiting Styles of Parenting increases kids anxiety as to whether they are competent in toddler age range there are 2 variations gt Extremely Expelling parenting style a Promotes Anxiety about Mattering 0 Parents say to the kid they are on their own I Not present not intrusive not involved I Support knowledge instruction and the sense that you matter are missing I Does not promote a sense of competence I Ex If learning how to ride a bike parent will not help you at all gt Extremely Binding parenting style o Promotes Anxiety about Competence 0 Parents over involved over intrusive overly invested in taking care of the child 0 Anxious about getting the space to develop a sense of mastery because always taken care of always not trusted to do on your own I Selfassertion and mastery are dominant themes I EX if learning how to ride a bike parent will never let go gt There needs to be a balanced ratio Discipline do we need to define this 0 Have to correct behavior teach them how to behave in socially appropriate ways and how to regulate emotion 0 Discipline is the correction for the inability or disregulation of emotion Baumrind s Styles of Discipline 0 Discipline styles depend on or result from how responsiveness is monitored and managed and demandingness if monitored and managed I Some parents are high in one low in another etc 0 Two Dimensions of Parenting Styles 0 Responsiveness o Demandingness Four ParentingDiscipline Styles gt Authoritarian Style I High in demand I Focus is on being obeyed low focus on the feelings of the child not empathic I Obedience focus I Low in responsiveness 0 Physical Assertions and Control 0 Many of these parents empathize their control by threatening the child with physical assertions as a mechanism for control 0 Love withdrawal 0 If you don t comply parent will not show any love I Psychological control a Parent tries to use guilt to get you to be obedient gt Indulgent Style I High in responsiveness I Nurting loving empathic emotionally responsive to their kids I Low in demandingness 0 Don t require the kids to regulate behavior and emotion I Let kids get away with things 0 Don t want to chance having con icts with their kids don t want to chance their kids not feeling loved BUT they don t provide modeling for behavior regulation emotion regulation and socialization of the proper way to act gt Uninvolved Style I Low in Responsiveness I Low in demandingness I Negligent not monitoring kids and not investing in loving their kids 0 The child is left without emotional support without support for physical welfare and wellbeing and not expected to regulate themselves in the proper way I A child raised in this parenting style would be the most anxious out of all styles I Parents become uninvolved because they are typically under a tremendous amount of stress which compromises their behavior I When you get stressed you don t pay attention and don t monitor well gt Authoritative Style I High in Responsiveness I High in Demandingness 0 Inductive Approaches to Discipline 0 Promote emotional intelligence 0 Explain right and wrong Ex Show right way to behave when child behaves in a bad way I Provide guidance 0 Separate behavior from child I Don t call the child stupid if they do something wrong Say the behavior is wrong not the child 0 Judicious use of punishments I Punishment giving a child an opportunity to maintain privileges explaining to the child that if they continue to misbehave there will be consequences Then depriving the child of something that is a privilege to them as a result to not complying taking away something that is of value to the child 0 This works with most children I Most adaptive mode parent that is present but not intrusive I Very loving and caring but also promote discipline I Authoritative parents use which style or approach to discipline 0 Inductive approaches Goals of Discipline I Control I Nurtured I Prosocial Dev I Moral Dev Authoritarian YES NO NO NO Indulgent NO YES NO NO Uninvolved NO NO NO NO Authoritative YES YES YES YES 0 Yes and no s re ect if the style has that outcome as a goal for their child 0 If have one parent who is authoritative it really advances a child s development If both parents are then even better 0 Most parents have different parenting styles 0 Cohort trend our parents and grandparents generations were way more likely to have authoritarian parents then our generation Our generation has an indulgent style as the predominant one Sabatelli Ronald Toddler Years Part Two HDFS 1070 University of Connecticut Storrs 24 February 2016 Lecture Child Abuse 22616 Lecture Notes gt General discourse on parenting strategies that discriminate against the health and welfare of children physical realm cognitiveintellectual realm social realm emotional realm moral realm and psychological realm gt Child abuse is an example of a parenting style that discriminates against the health and welfare of the child It is a variation on the themes of parenting that results in harm It does not always lead to negative consequences but it very well could Judgments of Abuse and Values gt Intersubjectivity establishes the cultural norms at any given point in time knowledge is based upon the collective agreement of those who are the authorities of the time and those figures values gt Value judgment saying that someone is doing something that is inappropriate gt Society has a right to establish these values but these values change over time 0 At every point in time the view of how people should parent changes 0 Based on the intersubjective consensus of how people are viewed as authorities 0 These values are culturally grounded there are still places around the world that think hitting children as a way to discipline is perfectly fine 0 Ex At one point in time the correct way to discipline a child was by hitting them Incidences actual reports of abuse do not equal the actual amount of people being abused gt What we know average 5 kids killedday by parental figures gt What we guess more than 3 million kids abused or neglected each year Types of Abuses not mutually exclusive all exist on a continuum all have problems when it comes to defining exactly what they are complicates identification of children at risk Impact has to do with how severe it is the range of it how long it has been going on gt Physical abuse using disciplinary techniques and strategies that result in physical harm gt How much harm can you cause to a child before it is considered to be abuse Where is the line drawn gt Ex When kids have head injuries broken bones that is physical abuse gt Emotional abuse talk and interact with kids that results in their selfesteem and image being compromised When you raise the anxiety of a kid excessively of their competence to a point when they are negatively emotionally affected gt EX I wish you were never born repeated message that is considered emotional abuse gt Usually cooccurs with physical abuse gt Neglect failure to provide for the children A range of possible behaviors gt There could be physical neglect failed to supervise the child s safety gt EX Obese 4 year old is a form of neglect in a sense that it has to do with the diet you are providing gt Can intellectually neglect by not sending them to school even though you are providing food and shelter gt Sexual abuse a form of physical abuse from parent to child that doesn t have anything to do with parenting style It is sexualizing that child and the relationship a parent has with the child This is about a parent having a mental illness that results in them transferring erotic and impulsive thoughts to adults but instead to the child gt Sexual abuse is different from other forms of abuse because it is purely the parent s mental illness that gives rise to it Causative Factors Contributing to Child Abuse no one cause abuse derives from many causes and therefore needs to be addressed on many different levels 0 If you want to intervene with abuse you have to understand what causes it 0 For the most part parents don t want to be abusive towards their children a It is a complex behavior that arises from multiple causes a You are ignoring a lot of important information if you simply say parents abuse their children because they were abused by their own parents DevelopmentalContextual Perspectives on Child Abuse Societal Factors societal comfort with aggression and violence societal comfort with use of force and coercion against kids respect for individual rights of parents etc 0 Historically we were comfortable with violence used against children to discipline 0 In individualistic cultures parents and families members are given full responsibility and society doesn t intervene o Historically we gave parents the right to do what they want with their children a In many states there are still no laws that prevent parents from harming their children 0 EX It wasn t until the 70s and 80s that there were laws put in place that prevented spouses from hitting one another 0 Collectivist cultures have laws that are common to be put in place that say you cant hit kids Child Factors highlight again the bidirectional relationship between characteristics of children and parenting strategies note not talking about an abuseprovoking child in the sense that the child then has responsibility for the abuse Examples gt Difficult temperaments gt Some children raise the stress of the parent s environment Difficult children in some ways are children that parents need to learn how to manage the frustration they are experiencing in a way that doesn t result in them losing their control and harming the child gt Some children are much more easy to please gt Ex Shaking baby syndrome leads to brain damage by just shaking a baby gt Seen as special meaning stress parents in distinct ways gt Aggressiveness gt If a kid aggresses towards you your first impulse is to aggress back gt Bidirectional relationship Most parents when they abuse their children have lost impulse control which is what is behind most instances of child abuse This includes when they are angry stressed and frustrated Parental Factors gt History of mental illness gt 10 of child abuse cases have to do with the parent being mentally ill bipolar schizophrenic antisocial disorders etc gt We have way more cases of child abuse where parents are perfectly capable mentally to raise them in a safe environment gt Unrealistic expectations limited knowledge of child development gt Some parents know nothing about child development which leads to frustration towards their kids which can lead to aggression and loss of impulse control gt Ex Parent believing child can be potty trained at 8 months old gt History of abuse 300 more likely yet only about 20 to 30 go on to be abusive parents gt When parents have been abused they are more likely to be abusive their children themselves 3x more likely than those with no history of child abuse gt Yet when they have been abused the percentage that they will not become abusive towards their children is high gt Overwhelming majority of child abuse cases involve parents who have no history of child abuse gt Concurrent problems drug and alcohol dependency for example gt Result in the parent being excessively stressed become unobservant aggressive lose impulses with their behavior gt Ex Shaking baby syndrome occurs at most times during stressful situations gt Stress and impulse control gt Protective strategies should be taken when impulse control is being lost in order to not lead to possible child abuse Family System Factors gt High levels of marital con ict and tension combined With gt Patterns of con ict management that promote scapegoating detouringattacking triangles this helps us to explain Why in many instances only one child is discriminated against gt Pattern of family interactions that results in children for being scapegoated and being held for family problems gt If a child is held responsible that child is in a heat of trouble gt Detouring attacking triangle in some families parents detour the con ict and tension to one another by blaming the problems on the child gt There are a number of instances Where only one child out of a number are being abused only the one that is being scapegoated is being abused MOTHER FATHER CHILDl scapegoat CHILD2 unaffected uninvolved not blamed Sabatelli Ronald Child Abuse HDFS 1070 University of Connecticut Storrs 26 February 2016 Lecture Consequences of Abuse not all are equally or predictably affected gt Resilient Children some are just truly resilient Seems to do just fine in spite of dealing with abusive parents gt Possess temperaments that elicit positive responses from others gt Many have special interests or talents good athletes musicians artists gt Have other significant others in their lives that provide protective factors against their abuse gt There are many people in a child s life that can serve as a protective factor for that child against abuse gt Intelligent and have good problem solving skills gt Have someone they connect to gt Decompensators slow steady progressive decline over time gt gt gt gt gt gt gt As a result of a history of abuse their life trajectory is negatively impacted Over time see them have difficulties that result in even more difficulties intellectual deficits and academic difficulties picked on by others or a bully themselves deficits in social behavior deficits in prosocial behavior emotional difficulties not able to regulate their emotions gt hostile angry withdrawn depressed etc Happens because we don t put protective factors in place fast enough gt Compensators on the face of it these individuals are successful gt gt Internalize shame and blame for the abuse gt Think of themselves as being inadequate unworthy as causing problems Cope with it by being driven to get the approval of their parents and others in an effort to prove that they are worthy of the love from their parents and competent 9 pleasers high achievers Ex Bill Clinton alcoholic father stepfather who was marginally involved Clinton wanted to be the smartest person in the room and a pleaser but always walked around with a lot of anxiety of competence and worthiness gt Don t experience the success in a joyful way Experience it in an anxious ridden way No joy just anxiety Treatment general discourse on protection vs prevention gt To prevent child abuse have to put protective factors in place that educate parents about being parents and put safety nets in place for families gt Set it up in a collectivist way to ensure that people are given a chance to adequately parent gt Intervention is mostly instead of prevention We don t prevent it we intervene o A child has to be diagnosed and then we make efforts to minimize the impactlikelihood of it going forward gt Investigate the suspicion that a child is being abused and then make considerations Suspected abuse is investigated by child protection workers and assessments are made treatment follows from a consideration of many factors such as gt the bonds that exist between parents and children gt the consequences of removing the child versus the consequences of keeping the child in the home gt the source of the abuse and the possibility of rehabilitating the parents Crittenden s typology of abuse by treatment implications gt Vulnerabletocrisis families families involved in maltreatment in which parents are experiencing unusual problems and need temporary help to resolve them children in these families are usually placed in protective supervision the focus here is on providing shortterm supportive interventions combined with parent education classes gt Losing impulse control and not nurturingprotecting their kids gt Child welfare people investigate the situation and place the child in protective supervision still with the parents gt Provide housing gt Short term intervention gt Con dent that it will x on its own gt Restorable families caregivers may have the potential to provide care by are experiencing a combination of current stresses and past deficits that seriously impair their parenting abilities usually these children are removed from the families order of temporary custody is granted to the state and placed in foster care Parents undergo evaluations and need to show progress towards the resolution of their underlying personal and parenting problems gt Someone suspects children has been abused so child welfare goes in and investigates gt Have to take a child out of the home legal procedure gt Foster care children experience disruptive attachment which creates a lot of anxiety Can be really good if it helps to reduce the anxiety But if it raises the anxiety it is not a good thing Most children are placed in foster care with relatives not strangers gt Parents undergo evaliated therapy treatment gt The family is restored when the problems that were fostering the abuse are believed to be taken care of gt Supportable families families can meet the needs of their children only through an extensive array of social services that are not normally available This challenges our conception of families and parenting in expensive but can be in the best interests of the children when bonds are positive Example Psychiatrically impaired parent or mentally challenged parents gt Families can only meet the needs of their children with social service gt Ex Down s syndrome parents gt Inadequate Families parents are so impaired by emotional and social problems that it is unlikely that they will ever be able to meet their children s need Children are first removed under an order of temporary custody and then state seeks to get parents to agree to terminate their parental rights If parents do not agree this goes to atrial Through out all of this time children are in foster care and cannot be placed for adoption until the case is disposed On average children in these families spend over 3 years in foster care experience more than 3 different foster families and have experienced multiple disrupted attachments prior to being permanently adopted gt When a child is being abused they are anxious and are made more anxious when we intervene gt If taken out for a long period of time we are harming them gt Remove child from parents and the child is placed in the custody of the state then to foster care Then go through whoel legal procedure with the parents to decide if the parents are inadequate If they are their rights are terminiated and the child becomes eligible for adoption gt This is a problem for older children They tend to bounce from different foster homes Heightened degree of anxiety for long periods of time in their life Sabatelli Ronald Child Abuse HDFS 1070 University of Connecticut Storrs 26 February 2016 Lecture
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