CL 113 Lecture 13 Feb 24
CL 113 Lecture 13 Feb 24 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Lecture 13: Feb 24 Io Comes from region in South of Greece-Argos Exact opposite of Europa (Phoenician princess that Zeus abducted) o Io ends up fleeing from Argos and goes to Syria Palestine Takes form of a cow when she flees o Zeus has affair with her o During their love making he detects Hera approaching so he transforms Io into a cow Argus Guard that Hera has watching the cow/Io He is covered in eyes Zeus sends Hermes to slay him so that the cow can escape The cow flees to Egypt After Io disappeared a search party goes looking for her Search party from Argos The people who left to find her never return home- they establish cities o City of Ione Io established a city called Gaza before she fled to Egypt Io+ Zeus= Epaphus o His offspring- Agenor (Father of Europa) and Belus Belus Egyptus and Danaus are his descendants Poseidon- God of the sea, Earth quakes, and Horses Brother of Zeus and Hera Son of Cronus Roman equivalent- Neptune “Earth shaker” Old Men of the Sea Nereus = Gaea+ Pontus o Has 50 daughters called the Nereids Proteus o Herder of seals o Is of all knowledge- if you need knowledge, you can catch him and hold him and get that knowledge Best time to catch him is when he sleeps o Shape shifter- hard to hold him Maybe Poseidon wasn’t the first god of sea due to these old men of sea; maybe he was originally god of horses Arcadia Mountainous place “Old as the moon” Remote place where old ideas are held onto/things change very slowly One of the 2 closely related to post-Mycenaean Greeksnds Cypriot Greek The 2 one is Arcadia Poseidon + Demeter According to Arcadian tradition- Demeter transformed herself into a horse so Poseidon did the same and galloped away after her In horse form, they have intercourse and conceive twins Contrastive pair- female: Despoina and male: Despoena (Arion) Arion- famous horse Demeter Ceres- Latin parallel Goddess associated with fertility of the Earth Agricultural goddess Sister of Hera, Poseidon, Zeus Zeus+ Demeter= Persephone Persephone Homeric Hymn to Demeter encounters Persephone and what happened to her She is abducted on a Spring day in Sicily while she is picking flowers in the meadow The earth breaks open and Hades comes out in his dark chariot drawn by dark horses The earth closes up leaving no evidence Some say that Demeter goes to Mt. Etna the volcanic mountain to look for Persephone Helios (the Sun) tells Demeter that Hades captured her As Demeter grieves, crops stop growing, great famine spreads across the earth The gods are worried because if there aren’t any humans than no one will worship them o Zeus sends Hermes to Hades Hades Ruler of the realm of the dead Hermes tells him to let Persephone go Hades wants Persephone to eat something before she goes She eats a little bit of a pomegranate and then leaves Demeter and Persephone reunite If you eat something in the realm of the dead then you must return to that place Now Persephone must spend 1/3 of each year in the realm of Hades as his queen Hades Also known as Pluto o Derived from a Greek word for wealth Romans often call him Dis (Pater) The meaning of Hades is not clear o Probable that it is native in Indo-European term o *Weid- root ‘to see’ which means that his name means ‘unseen’ His realm is unseen Based on different root- *weid ‘to find’ o Sam-vindati- to find together Term in the Vedas used of the reuniting of people after death Hephaestus Smith god- makes things Roman equal- Vulcan Has deformity/disability- difficulty walking o ‘2 lang legs’ Son of Zeus + Hera Thrown off of Mt. Olympus 2 different traditions of how that happened 1. When he was born, Hera saw he had this disability and threw him off of Mt. Olympus 2. He grows up on Mt. Olympus, one day he interferes when Hera and Zeus are quarrelling and takes Hera’s side so Zeus throws him off into Earth and he is injured in the fall What happens when he falls to earth Some say he was rescued by Thetis (Nereids) assisted by Eurynome (Oceanid)