CL 113 Lecture 14 Feb 26
CL 113 Lecture 14 Feb 26 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Lecture 14: Feb 26 Tenth year of the Trojan War Described by Homer in the Iliad Greatest of heroes: Achilles o Removes himself from the battlefield Patroclus Friend of Achilles Takes his armor and pretends he is Achilles He is killed in the battle The Trojans strip Achilles of his armor for this incident Thetis Mother of Achilles Nereid She rescued Hephaestus when he fell off of Mt. Olympus Makes way to home of Hephaestus to ask him to make Achilles armor Shield of Achilles- weaponry/art Depicted scenes of the natural world “City at peace”- well ordered city with well ordered activities and “City at War” Agrarian scenes: Grain crops, herders, shepherds, flocks, dancing City of peace- 1 function: legal & magical activities being conducted City at war- 2ndfunction: warriors Agrarian scenes: 3 function: crop production/harvesting, men&women engaged in courtship Aphrodite is the wife of Hephaestus Ares Brother of Hephaestus Romans equivalent- Mars God of Battle Carnage (Not a nice guy) Best known for the affair he had with Aphrodite (His sister-in-law) Helios (the sun) tells Hephaestus about the affair Ares & Aphrodite affair Hephaestus finds out and goes on a ‘trip’ to Lemnos o As soon as he leaves they meet in their bed- it was a trap by Hephaestus o He sets a net of bronze to trap them and he walks in and finds them & calls to the other gods and shows them o The gods think it’s hilarious Poseidon reasons with Hephaestus that divorce is not the best thing to do Ares’ offspring: Alcippe- daughter Raped by son of Poseidon: Halirrhothius Ares murders Halirrhothius Trial: he is found guilty o Penalty: becomes slave to a mortal man for one year Harmonia- daughter Marries Cadmus (Ares former slave) Aphrodite Goddess of Love Roman equivalent- Venus Astarte- Phoenician equivalent Closely associated with Cyprus Affair with mortal man Adonis o Semitic origin ‘lord’ o Cognate- YHWH Myrrha—princess of Cyprus King Cinyras- her father She is depressed and confides in her nurse maid o Revealed that she desires her father and it is killing her Myrrha and Cinyras make love in the dark and he doesn’t know it’s his daughter o He finds out one day and takes a sword to slay her o She flees from his kingdom She is now pregnant with her dad’s child o Calls upon the gods to help her Before she birthed the child- the gods transformed Myrrha into a tree (not living, not dead) o From this tree the baby will be born: Adonis Aphrodite & Adonis 1 Tradition: Aphrodite found him as a baby by the tree and gave him to Persephone The next time she sees him, he’s grown to be a handsome young man Persephone raised him and is not ready to give him up Both Aphrodite & Persephone are claiming Adonis o Gods appeal to Zeus about the problem o He rules that Adonis lives with Aphrodite for 1/3 of the year, Persephone for 1/3 of the year (while she’s in Hades), and he gets to choose who he wants to be with the remaining 3 of the year o He chooses Aphrodite for the other part 2ndTradition: Little baby Adonis was born in the woods from the tree and discovered by Nymphs o They raised him Aphrodite did not see him until he was already grown o Before she laid eyes on Adonis, she was grazed with an arrow from cupid accidentally o Madly in love with him She has an uneasy feeling that if he goes hunting something bad will happen o He goes anyway o Hunting boars and gets killed (some say it was a Ares dressed up as a boar) She takes some of the blood from the soil beneath his body to create a red flower Aphrodite’s Origin st 1 tradition Born from dislodged testacies from Uranus nd 2 tradition Daughter of Zeus and Dione Athena Roman equivalent- Minerva Metis + Zeus= Athena Born from the body of Zeus (because he swallowed Metis), delivered from his head with the assistance of Hephaestus Virgin Warrior Goddess
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