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CL 113 Lecture 14 Feb 26

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 14 Feb 26 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Aphrodite, Ares, etc.
Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.

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Date Created: 02/26/16
Lecture 14: Feb 26 Tenth year of the Trojan War  Described by Homer in the Iliad  Greatest of heroes: Achilles o Removes himself from the battlefield Patroclus  Friend of Achilles  Takes his armor and pretends he is Achilles  He is killed in the battle  The Trojans strip Achilles of his armor for this incident Thetis  Mother of Achilles  Nereid  She rescued Hephaestus when he fell off of Mt. Olympus  Makes way to home of Hephaestus to ask him to make Achilles armor Shield of Achilles- weaponry/art  Depicted scenes of the natural world  “City at peace”- well ordered city with well ordered activities and “City at War”  Agrarian scenes: Grain crops, herders, shepherds, flocks, dancing  City of peace- 1 function: legal & magical activities being conducted  City at war- 2ndfunction: warriors  Agrarian scenes: 3 function: crop production/harvesting, men&women engaged in courtship Aphrodite is the wife of Hephaestus Ares  Brother of Hephaestus  Romans equivalent- Mars  God of Battle Carnage (Not a nice guy)  Best known for the affair he had with Aphrodite (His sister-in-law)  Helios (the sun) tells Hephaestus about the affair Ares & Aphrodite affair  Hephaestus finds out and goes on a ‘trip’ to Lemnos o As soon as he leaves they meet in their bed- it was a trap by Hephaestus o He sets a net of bronze to trap them and he walks in and finds them & calls to the other gods and shows them o The gods think it’s hilarious  Poseidon reasons with Hephaestus that divorce is not the best thing to do Ares’ offspring: Alcippe- daughter  Raped by son of Poseidon: Halirrhothius  Ares murders Halirrhothius  Trial: he is found guilty o Penalty: becomes slave to a mortal man for one year Harmonia- daughter  Marries Cadmus (Ares former slave) Aphrodite  Goddess of Love  Roman equivalent- Venus  Astarte- Phoenician equivalent  Closely associated with Cyprus  Affair with mortal man Adonis o Semitic origin ‘lord’ o Cognate- YHWH Myrrha—princess of Cyprus  King Cinyras- her father  She is depressed and confides in her nurse maid o Revealed that she desires her father and it is killing her  Myrrha and Cinyras make love in the dark and he doesn’t know it’s his daughter o He finds out one day and takes a sword to slay her o She flees from his kingdom  She is now pregnant with her dad’s child o Calls upon the gods to help her  Before she birthed the child- the gods transformed Myrrha into a tree (not living, not dead) o From this tree the baby will be born: Adonis Aphrodite & Adonis 1 Tradition:  Aphrodite found him as a baby by the tree and gave him to Persephone  The next time she sees him, he’s grown to be a handsome young man  Persephone raised him and is not ready to give him up  Both Aphrodite & Persephone are claiming Adonis o Gods appeal to Zeus about the problem o He rules that Adonis lives with Aphrodite for 1/3 of the year, Persephone for 1/3 of the year (while she’s in Hades), and he gets to choose who he wants to be with the remaining 3 of the year o He chooses Aphrodite for the other part 2ndTradition:  Little baby Adonis was born in the woods from the tree and discovered by Nymphs o They raised him  Aphrodite did not see him until he was already grown o Before she laid eyes on Adonis, she was grazed with an arrow from cupid accidentally o Madly in love with him  She has an uneasy feeling that if he goes hunting something bad will happen o He goes anyway o Hunting boars and gets killed (some say it was a Ares dressed up as a boar)  She takes some of the blood from the soil beneath his body to create a red flower Aphrodite’s Origin st 1 tradition  Born from dislodged testacies from Uranus nd 2 tradition  Daughter of Zeus and Dione Athena  Roman equivalent- Minerva  Metis + Zeus= Athena  Born from the body of Zeus (because he swallowed Metis), delivered from his head with the assistance of Hephaestus  Virgin Warrior Goddess


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