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Value and Reality Assumptions

by: Noelle Wiggins

Value and Reality Assumptions Phil 105

Marketplace > Drexel University > PHIL-Philosophy > Phil 105 > Value and Reality Assumptions
Noelle Wiggins
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes cover the difference between a value and reality assumption and how that relates to definitions and facts.
Critical Reasoning
Amy S. Bush
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Noelle Wiggins on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 105 at Drexel University taught by Amy S. Bush in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Critical Reasoning in PHIL-Philosophy at Drexel University.

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Date Created: 02/26/16
Friday, January 8, 2016 Value and Reality Assumptions Value Assumption - Rephrase it using the word “should” - Something that is right or wrong in the moral sense. - “Fair” or “unfair.” - Some words make it difficult to determine whether it’s a reality assumption or a value assumption such as the word “dangerous.” - Often, people mix together value and reality assumptions. - Value laden word- it’s connotations seem to have to do with value considerations. • Good, better, best • Important - “Education will lead to a better job.” • The word “better” muddies the value statement. • Rephrase with the word “should.” - “You should pursue an education.” • Clarifies the value assumption. • Takes care of the problem of defining the word “better.” Definitions - Typically a reality assumption - Definitions are certain beliefs by which we characterize aspects of our worth - People can have different definitions of reality. - Just like value assumptions can be controversial, reality assumptions in definitions can be contested. - Reality assumptions sometimes show what our value assumptions are, too. 1 Friday, January 8, 2016 Fact - Possible Definitions: - Sufficient evidence to support a belief - Consensus among experts - Based on observation (can often be problematic) 2


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