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Psych 256: Lectures 2/22 and 2/24

by: Abby Kienle

Psych 256: Lectures 2/22 and 2/24 PSY 256

Abby Kienle
Cal Poly
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

These notes go over Dr. Lee's lecture on emerging adulthood and Dr. Barrett's guest lecture.
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Lee
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Kienle on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 256 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Lee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.


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Date Created: 02/26/16
Psych 256: Emerging Adulthood lecture 2/22/16 Erik Erikson (1902-1992) o Studied under Freud o Developd the psychosocial stages of development  Personality develops in stages  They are innate, inevitable, and time sensitive  Each stage involves confronting a psychosocial task  A “normal” personality depends on successfully getting through each stage and completing each task o Eight Stages of Development o Examples o Trust vs. Mistrust – Infancy Can the infant trust their caregiver? o Autonomy vs. Shame – Early “terrible twos”, toddlers have the desire Childhood to do everything themselves and feel shame / doubt when they cannot o Initiative vs. Guilt – Play age Children begin to assert their “power and control” over the world due to curiosity, vs feeling guilt for exerting that power o Industry vs. Inferiority – School The desire to complete goals in things age you are interested in, vs feeling inferior for failing o Identity vs. Identity diffusion – Feeling secure in or finding your identity Adolescence vs being “lost”; not knowing your identity o Intimacy vs. Isolation – Young Development of intimacy and deep Adult relationships, vs not developing those skills; ability to develop intimacy relies on identity strength o Generativity vs. Self-Absorbed- Feeling accomplished in ones life vs Adulthood feeling unproductive or elf-absorbed o Integrity vs. Disgust – Mature AgeFeeling a sense of integrity between ones past and present vs feeling incongruent or disgusted at past life Emerging Adulthood (18-25) o Myths  Lost in translation?  Stress/ turmoil  Lack of responsibility o Transition into adulthood  Legally and adult at 18  Characterized by individualism  Accepting responsibility for oneself  Making independent decisions  Completely financially dependent o Emerging Adulthood is the age of…  Identity explorations  Instability  Self- focus  Feeling in-between o Stereotype threat  The possibility that ones appearance or behavior will be misread to confirm another person’s oversimplified prejudiced attitudes  Pioneered by Dr. Claude Steele  Students (African American) o One group asked to identify race before taking test o Other group not asked to identify race  This group did better o The perception of a stereotype was enough to cause substantial performance differences  Dr. Jeff Stone (Athletic Ability & Intelligence)  Athletes (African American and White Students) o One group of students were told this test would test athletic ability  AA students did better when told it was athletic ability o The other group of students were told that it would test intelligence  W students did better when told it was intelligence  Dr. Margaret Shin (Gender / Math performance)  Asian American Female students o One group asked to identify gender o Other asked to identify race  This group did better on math test than gender primed group  Stereotypes, whether positive or negative, can overall bring negative consequences The Road to Adulthood – Dr. Barrett Family Life Cycle Stage 1: Launching o Emerging Adulthood  18-25, prolonged period of role exploration  Focus on identity more so than at any other time  Trying out career and relationship possibilities  In the past 50 years, ideas about emerging adulthood have shifted  As culture has shifted, definitions of adulthood have shifted  Life expectancy much higher than it used to be o Emerging adulthood buys us time o Choosing a Lifestyle  In adulthood, people choose their particular social context or ecological niche  Adults select: o Vocations, mates, neighborhoods o Routines and surroundings to settle into  Ages 30-50 are marked by more stability of personality than are other period in life o Emerging adulthood gives you desires of adulthood w/lack of social responsibilities o Social Clock  Supposed to be spending time developing social an relationship skills o What does it take to have a successful launch?  4 main things o Impacts to Launching  Socio/Historical Context  Culturally, politically, economically, socially, etc  Our focus in the us is too narrow-minded  Focus mostly on work ethic  Familial expectations have an impact on launching as well o What is the dominant truth?  Social Construct Theory: Social/ cultural / political/ economic situations construct stories that push us in certain directions when emerging into adulthood  Dominant truth: there is no one correct way to live o What is the myth that we live?  Feeling good about ourselves all the time, popularity  Putting people in a box  Our biggest “fear” is about to be abnormal  “normal” is a “soldier’s” construct  DSM was originally created to test soldiers competence for war Introduction into Adulthood o How do other cultures introduce adulthood?  Can be very ritualized  Morals, ethics, citizenship, duties of adulthood is taught during these rituals o Coming of Age  The U.S. does not have a coming of age ceremony or ritual like most other cultures  Other cultures have things such as Quinceneras, Bahmitzvahs, etc  We have NO psychic trigger to say that we are now an adult o Our brains need this trigger to signify a difference o Is this a good or bad thing for the U.S.?  coming of age traditions are meant to develop our brains and prepare us for adulthood o Ritual Transformation  Separation in pre-liminal stage:  Recognition of impending change  Going through this under elders we respect can transform one’s life Launching / Independence o Emotional: development of identity #2  Not the ones your parents gave you, this is #1  Who are you?  Key to your success as an adult:  How you develop emotionally will determine quality of adult life o Socially: building social skills  Friendship skills  Dating skills  Mate selection  How to develop intimate relationships with people we are sexually attracted to  Sexual morals / values o Criteria for a healthy sexual relationship:  Positive self-concept  Knowledge of self/ body  Good physical / mental condition  Pluralistic ignorance: the belief that one’s feelings, thoughts, and morals are abnormal and that the thoughts, beliefs, and morals of others are the correct ones to live by  Causes people to buy into morals that aren’t their own o Financially: Career choices and Financial Values  Core of lifelong happiness:  Not about career choice but about understanding financial values o What do we need to feel successful?  1. Meaningful work: can be different for everyone, must find it  2. Deep satisfying relationships o 90 percent of happiness and misery comes from intimate relationships  3.sense of purpose and service to others o Increases ones mental health  4. Good health  Finding a balance between your core value and quality of life choices  Happiness is not a goal but rather a feeling o Culture sets us up to have a constant feeling of longing for happiness o Cannot count on happiness to sustain oneself o Physically  Personal care  Health  Daily life skills  Personal habits Failure to Launch o Emotionally: people with issues in emotions create blame to place on others o Physically: health issues, addictions, body image issues o Financially: ongoing reliance on others, job loss and financial stress o Socially: repeated failing or struggling relationships Creating a Launch o Role models and mentors o Revisit stages and tasks o Personal transformation – Hero’s Journey  18-28 young people need to do a hero’s journey


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