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Week 4 Notes

by: Fatima Ahmed

Week 4 Notes SOP 3932

Fatima Ahmed
GPA 3.75
Psychology of Drugs and Addiction
William Berry

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About this Document

Psychology of Drugs and Addiction
William Berry
Class Notes
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Popular in Psychology of Drugs and Addiction

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fatima Ahmed on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOP 3932 at Florida International University taught by William Berry in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Drugs and Addiction in Psychlogy at Florida International University.


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Date Created: 02/06/15
Alcohol Why concern about athletes Athletes are considered to be role models Inconsistency with the ideal of fair play Dangers to health and life are the biggest cons regarding steroids History of Performance Enhancers Stimulants 1800 s early 1900 s Early forms included mushrooms and herbs Later strychnine Cocaine in coca wine later in pure form Caffeine Amphetamines 1930 s introduced in 1940 s reports used by soccer players 1952 syringes and broken ampules in Olympic locker rooms indicated amphetamines presence in international competition Are they effective Caffeine lmproves endurance Slight improvement at legal levels Both stimulants and caffeine mask the effects of fatigue Laboratory studies of endurance on stationary bicycles have found that caffeine can significantly improve work out very effective Stimulants Amphetamines produce small gains Cocaine No studies available pain reliever and reduces fatigue Steroids Never studied amount of steroids that body builder use because it s such a large dose 10x more than the average person Double blind studies are ineffective because those receiving steroids consistently are able to determine they are getting the drug rather than the placebo by the psychological effect Effects of steroids roid rage psychological dependence bodily adverse affects like acne baldness and breast enlargement Other hormonal manipulations Used to manipulate growth before growth plates close Not proven to enhance strength Types of Alcohol Distilled products To obtained alcohol concentrations above 15 distillation is necessary Distillation is heating a solution of alcohol and water then collecting the Proof is the alcohol content doubled Distilled products include whiskey vodka scotch brandy and other liquors Beer Largest selling beer brands Bud light Budweiser Coors The top two brands from the same company account for 30 Wine One of the humankinds oldest beverages American Wines Generic include names from regions of European wine and blended to resemble Alcohol Attitudes View of alcohol as the cause of serious problems emerged the time of the American revolution 1784 Benjamin Rush wrote and pamphlet indicating a connection between heavy drinking of distilled spirits and jaundice quotmadnessquot and epilepsy seizures Was one of the first who called alcoholism a disease 0 He also purported a theory of alcohol directly affecting the part of the brain responsible for morals By 1917 a results of prohibition 64 of the population lived in a dry area Between 1908 and 1917 100000 licensed bars closed Residents continued to drink legally medicines and illegally speakeasies It had been expected prohibition would be so expected it would be easy to enforce This was not the case Binge drinking is 5 or more drinks in a row Over 20 of high school seniors report binge drinking in the last two weeks


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