Class Note for GEOG 460 at OSU 04
Class Note for GEOG 460 at OSU 04
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Date Created: 02/06/15
GEOGRAPHY 460 POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY Autumn Quarter 2006 The Ohio State University Instructor Professor M Coleman Teaching Assistant joseph Lewis Office 1156 Derby Hall Office1145 Derby Hall Office Hours Wednesday 200330pm Office Hours Tuesday and Thursday andor by appointment BBQ1030am andor by appointment Email coleman373osuedu Please put Emaillewis844osuedu G460 in subject line Please put G460 in subject line Te1 614 2929686 Te1 614 2926127 Course objectives 0 To identify and explore various keystone concepts approaches and issues in Political Geography 0 To understand the changing role of the state in matters of political economic and cultural governance in the 20th and 21St centuries 0 To approach contemporary issues in world politics 139e globalization imperialism through use of political geographic concepts GEC Reguirement Geography 460 fulfills the GEC requirement for 4B Social Sciences Organizations and Polities o GEC 4B GoalsRationale Courses in social science help students understand human behavior and cognition and the structures of human societies cultures and institutions 0 GEC 4B Learning Objectives 1 Students understand the theories and methods of scientific inquiry as they are applied to the studies of individuals groups organizations and societies 2 Students comprehend human differences and similarities in various psychological social cultural economic geographic and political contexts and 3Students develop abilities to comprehend and assess individual and social values and recognize their importance in social problem solving and policy making Course website The course syllabus announcements readings lecture notes exam review guides and other resources will be available at wwwcarmenosuedu Log in using your 0311 Internet User Name and Password and then select Geography 460 from the list of courses for which you are currently enrolled It is recommended that you regularly check the web site for updates and news If you have problems logging in check with the TA as soon as possible to determine whether or not you are officially enrolled In the event that we are unable to get you logged in you are responsible for contacting Carmen and gaining access to the class website Course time and location Two lectures per week Monday and Wednesday ll300118 in PA 0010 Readings and class preparation The required text available at the university bookstores is Martin Jones Rhys Jones and Michael Woods 2004 An Introduction to Political Geography Space Place and Politics London Routledge There are additional required readings which will be made available on the course website when appropriate Consult the lecture schedule below to see which readings are assigned for each lecture It is expected that students will compete all readings prior to coming to class Students are responsible for all readings Course grade Midterm Exam 7 35 Midterm take home essay 7 15 Final take home essay 7 15 Final Exam 7 35 The midterm and final exams will consist of 2 point identification questions and 6 point short answer questions You will be required to answer the exam in full and complete sentences ie no bulletpoint answers will be accepted The takehome essay will ask you to write a detailed answer to a general question using your lecture notes and appropriate readings More details will be given in class about the exams and take home essays Grading scale A 93100 CI 70729 A 90929 D 67699 B 87899 D 60669 B 83869 E0699 B 80829 EN Too many absences to permit a C 77799 passing grade C 73769 Class protocols This will be a rewarding and engaging class but before we get started please read the following protocols which hold without exception for all students enrolled in this course These are designed to make your learning experience more enjoyable I take teaching very seriously and I want you to take learning equally so Collegiality in the classroom requires that you turn off your cell phone Regular and punctual attendance is required I will post a condensed version of the lecture slides at the end of every week This does not mean that you are free to miss class I will present examples and details in class that will not appear on the lecture slides If you miss a class it is highly recommended that you get a full set of notes from one of your colleagues The exams are designed explicitly for students who attend class regularly Come and see either myself or the teaching assistant in office hours if you have any questions We will be more than happy to answer your questions and go over class material If you cannot make posted hours arrange an alternative appointment by email There is a midterm exam and a final exam for this course You must successfully complete both exams in order to pass the course If you miss an exam and wish to write a makeup you must have an original doctor s note demonstrating that you were absent for an unavoidable medical reason The note must include the doctor s name and a telephone number where I can contact herhim If you miss either the midterm or final due to a medical emergency the makeup exam must be written within oneweek of the originally scheduled exam If you miss the final exam and do not write the makeup prior to grades being posted you will be awarded an INC grade which I will later change based on your final exam grade An absence related to either the midterm or final must be explained directly in person to me not communicated via email Students with disabilities contact me as soon as possible in the quarter to discuss your requirements To access alternative media note taking help andor schedule an alternative examination process register with the Office for Disability Services at 150 Pomerene Hall httpwwwodsohiostateeduaccserindexhtm Academic integrity Academic integrity is essential to maintaining an environment that fosters excellence in teaching research and other educational and scholarly activities The Ohio State University and the Committee on Academic Misconduct COAM expects that all students have read and understand the University s Code of Student Conduct and that all students will complete all academic and scholarly assignments with fairness and honesty Students must recognize that failure to follow the rules and guidelines established in the University s Code of Student Conduct and in this syllabus may constitute Academic Misconduct The Ohio State University s Code ofStudent Conduct Section 33352304 oaaosueducoamhomehtmll defines academic misconduct as Any activity that tends to compromise the academic integrity of the University or subvert the educational process Examples of academic misconduct include but are not limited to plagiarism collusion unauthorized collaboration copying the work of another student and possession of unauthorized materials during an examination Ignorance of the University s Code of Student Conduct is never considered an excuse for academic misconduct so I recommend that you review the Code of Student Conduct and specifically the sections dealing with academic misconduct If I suspect that a student has committed academic misconduct in this course I am obligated by University Rules to report my suspicions to the COAM If COAM determines that you have violated the University s Code of Student Conduct Le committed academic misconduct the sanctions for the misconduct could include a failing grade in this course and suspension or dismissal If you have any questions about the above policy or what constitutes academic misconduct in this course please contact me CLASS SCHEDULE subject to modification I Lecture 1 Wednesday September 20 7 Introduction What is Political Geography I Topics course goals and requirements 7 what is Political Geography PG 7 space power resistance policies and politics 7 uneven distribution of power 7 power geometries Text JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter I Power Space and Political Geography pp 14 Lecture 2 Monday September 25 7 Approaches to Political Geography 1 7 Spatial Science and Political Geography as a Moribund Backwater Topics brief disciplinary overview of PG 7 PG as a moribund backwater 7 the legacy of German geopolitics 7 nomothetic vs idiographic knowledge 7 the quantitative revolution 7 concentric models of land use 7 location triangles 7 Central Place Theory 7 friction and distancedecay models Text JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter I Power Space and Political Geography pp 417 Lecture 3W ednesday September 27 7 Approaches to Political Geography 2 7 Marx An Introduction Topics where is the social in spatial science 2 critiques of spatial science 7 coreperiphery theories in PG 7 exchange vs production theories 7 Marx and a definition of capitalism 7 circuits of capital and the state 7 surplus value 7 class con ict OPT reading Matthew Edel 1981 Capitalism Accumulation and the Explanation of Urban Phenomena In M Dear and A J Scott Eds Urbanization and Urban Planning in Capitalist Society London M ethuen l944 Lecture 4Monday October 2 7 Approaches to Political Geography 3 7 Capitalism and the Political Geography of Crisis and Uneven Development Topics overaccumulationunderconsumption 7 theories of structural crisis 7 uneven development 7 the spatial fix Lecture SWednesday October 4 7 Approaches to Political Geography 4 7 Problematizing Marxism Race Gender Sexuality Identity and Place Topics Localities Studies 7 spatial structures of production 7rethinking subjectivity and social identity 7 Export Processing Zones 7 production and reproduction 7 scale ea in 1 son ra am ass an t e Oiticso entit n e n Rd39g KG39b Gh 1997Cl thlquot fId 39yIThEd of Capitalism As We Knew It 7 A Feminist Critique of Political Economy 4671 Oxford Blackwell Katharyne Mitchell Sallie Marston and Cindi Katz 2003 Life s Work Antipode353 415443 Lecture 6Monday October 9 7 Approaches to Political Geography 5 7 Poststructuralism Topics agency structure and humanistic geography s critique of Marxism 7 postmodernism and its critique of Marxism and humanistic geography 7 epistemological postmodernism the politics of representation powerknowledge 7 historical postmodernism 7 cultural logics of late capitalism 7 consumption space and the society of the spectacle Reading Ed Soja and Barbara Hooper 1993 The Spaces that Difference Makes In M Keith and S Pile Eds Place and the Politics ofldentity London Routledge 183405 Lecture 7Wednesday October 11 7 Concepts in Political Geography 1 7 Power and Spatiality Topics theories of power 7 the difference that thinking spatially makes 7 power as domination and resistance 7 power as constraint vs power as facilitation 7 power as hegemony 7 disciplinary and governmental geographies of power 7 Michel Foucault Reading John Allen 2003 Power InJohn Agnew er al Eds A Companion to Political Geography Oxford Blackwell 95108 Lecture 8 Monday October 167 Concepts in Political Geography 2 7 Territory and Territoriality Topics territory territoriality 7 marking communicating and policing space 7 borders and boundaries 7 springboards and shelters 7 psychosomatic geographies 7 resistance to territoriality 7 power at the periphery Reading Steve Herbert l996The Normative Ordering of Police Territoriality Making and Marking Space with the Los Angeles Police Department Annals oftheAssociation ofAmerican Geographers 863 567682 Lecture 9 Wednesday October 18 7 Concepts in Political Geography 3 7 States State Territoriality and Geopolitical Orders Topics theories of the state 7 geopolitical orders of modernity 7 Westphalia 7 states as containers of power wealth society and culture 7 internal and external territoriality 7 state consolidation 7 medieval spatiality of power 7 territorial trap 7 globalization and the hollowing out of the state Text JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter 2 States and Territories Chapter 3 The State in Global Perspective I Lecture 10 Monday October 23 7 MIDTERM EXAM IN CLASS Take home essay question will be handed out Due Monday October 30 in class Lecture llWednesday October 25 7 Concepts in Political Geography 4 7 Nations Nationalism and Territoriality Take home essay due Topics state vs nation 7 theories of nationalism 7 imagined communities 7 homeland 7 the politics of place 7 nationalism as an autonomous force vs nationalism as a practical politics Text William Rollins 1995 Whose Landscape Technology Fascism and Environmentalism on the National Socialist Autobahn Annals ofthe Association ofAmerican Geographers 853 494520 JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter 5 The Political Geographies of the Nation Chapter 6 Politics Power and Place Lecture 12 Monday October 30 7 The Global Economy and the State 17 the Political and Economic Geography of Fordism Topics the welfare state and Fordism 7 modes of regulation and regimes of accumulation 7 mass productionmass consumption 7 Bretton Woods 7 the crisis of Fordism Text JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter 4 The State s Changing Forms and Functions Lecture 13 Wednesday November 1 7 The Global Economy and the State 2 7 the Political and Economic Geography of post7Fordism Debt and the US as a Global Marketplace Topics postFordism 7 exible specialization 7 peripheral Fordism 7 justin time production 7 the spatial reorganization of core economies 7 disorganized capitalism 7 global retailing strategies 7 local economic impact of global retailing 7 global retailing and outsourced production 7 China s role in the global retailing phenomenon 7 the new ChinaUS relationship 7 Treasury Bills credit card debt and second mortgages Text JonesJones 65 Woods Chapter 4 The State s Changing Forms and Functions Lecture 14 Monday November 6 7 The Global Economy and the State 3 7 the Global Geography of Money and Foreign Direct Investment Topics states and the deregulation of money 7 before and after Bretton Woods 7 trends in FD1 foreign direct investment 7 trends in portfolio investment 7 new geographies of finance derivatives swaps options and futures 7 global and local geographies of financial exclusion 7 Casino Capitalism 7 the Asian Crisis Reading Jessie Poon 1999 The Asian Economic Flu A Geography of Crisis Professional Geographer 512 184496 Lecture 15 Wednesday November 8 7 The Global Economy and the State 4 7 Debt Structural Adjustment and the Neoliberalizing State Topics 1973 oil crisis and debt recycling 7 from development loans to conditionality loans 7 World Bank and IMF 7 structural adjustment 7 local austerity and global trade 7 gender and the burden of neoliberal restructuring 7 food riots 7 geographies of fiscal blame and solution 7 Readings OPT reading Mexico 7 diminished sovereignty 7 rollback and rollout neoliberalisms 7 the geographical irony of structural adjustment Jamie Peck 651 Adam Tic1ltell 2002 Neoliberalizing Space Antipode 343 380404 John Williamson 1997 The Washington Consensus Revisited In Louis Emmerij Ed Economic and Social Development in theXXI Century Washington DC InterAmerican Development Bank 4861 Frances Stewart 1997 John Williamson and the Washington Consensus Revisited In Louis Emmerij Ed Economic and Social Development in theXXI Century Washington DC InterAmerican Development Bank 6269 Lecture 16 Monday November 13 7 Contemporary Issues 1 7 MexicoUS Border Trade and NAFTA Eroding Political and Economic Sovereignties Topics Reading maquiladoras and crossborder manufacturing 7 Mexican peso crisis and neoliberal restructuring 7 NAFTA 7 cultural hybridization 7 a postborder or postsovereign world 7 the Juarez femicides Melissa Wright 2004 From Protest to Politics Sex Work Women s Worth and Ciudad Juarez Modernity Annals oftlieAssociation of American Geographers 942 3697386 Michael Dear 65 Hector Manuel Lucero 2005 Postborder Cities Postborder World The Rise of Bajalta Mexico Environment and Planning D Society and Space 233 317321 Lecture 17 Wednesday November 15 7 Contemporary Issues 2 7 Migration and Militarization in the Mexico7US Borderlands Topics Readings trends in undocumented migration 7 causes and theories of undocumented migration from Mexico 7 the Bracero Program 7 remittances 7 official and unofficial border policing 7 US immigration law in the 1990s and after 911 7 current debates Grace Chang 2000 The Nanny Visa The Bracero Program Revisited In DisposableDomestics Immigrant Women Workers in the Global Economy Cambridge South End Press 937121 Douglas Massey 2000 Free Trade and the Economic Underpinnings of MexicoUS Migration Borderlines 88 174 Lecture 18 Monday November 22 7 Geopolitics 1 7 Classical Geopolitics and the Closure of Global Space Cold War Geopolitics Spatial Scientific Geopolitics Topics Ratzel 7 Kjell n 7 Mackinder 7 Haushofer 7 Spykman 7 Mahan 7 geopolitics of the heartland 7 race gender and mountaineering 7 the geographical closure of global space 7 political geography after WWII 7 imperial geopolitics vs Cold War geopolitics 7 containment 7 spatial scientific geopolitics OPT reading Gerry Kearns 1997 The Imperial Subject Geography and Travel in the Work of Mary Kingsley and Halford Mackinder Transactions oftheInstitute ofBritislL Geograpth 223 450472 NOTE NO CLASS WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 22 HAPPY THANKSGIVING Lecture 19Monday November 27 7 Geopolitics 2 7 Critical Feminist and Post Colonial Geopolitics Topics critical geopolitics 7 feminist geopolitics 7 identitydifference and violence 7 popular geopolitics 7 the cultural geographic roots of geopolitics 7 shopping for threats after the end of the Cold War 7 Malthusian geopolitics 7 problematizing demography and migration as a national security threat 7 securitizing migration after 911 Readings Jennifer Hyndman 2001 Towards a Feminist Geopolitics Canadian Geographer 452 210222 Lecture 20W ednesday November 29 7 Geopolitics 3 7 US Foreign Policy After 911 Imperial or Not Final take home essay will be handed out Due day of final exam Topics Is the US an imperial power 7 oil and the Middle East 7 the DollarWall Street Regime 7 theories of US Empire 7 hegemony vs imperialism 7 soft power vs hard power 7 accumulation by dispossession 7 neoliberal geopolitics 7 the Pentagon s New Map 7 review for final exam Readings Sue Roberts Anna Secor 65 Matt Sparke 2003 Neoliberal Geopolitics Antipode 355 886897 I FINAL EXAM MONDAY DECEMBER 41130AM7 0118PM PA 0010 Take home essay due
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