Note for POLITSC 100 with Professor Chorley at OSU 02
Note for POLITSC 100 with Professor Chorley at OSU 02
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Date Created: 02/06/15
INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS POLITICAL SCIENCE 100 FALL 2010 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Collective Identities l What is civic nationalism Ethnic nationalism 2 According to Mueller what is the main reason why Europe has been peaceful since World War II 3 Explain why Germany has had a higher rate of antiimmigrant Violence than France while antiimmigrant parties have traditionally been stronger in France than Germany 4 What is a structural explanation for low percentage of women in government Democracy 1 What is meant by quotAsian valuesquot 2 According to Amartya Sen what are two ways democracy enriches people s lives 3 How is executive and legislative power related to each other in a system of parliamentary democracy How are they related in a presidential democracy Meaning in which system are mutually dependent in which system are they independent 4 What does Amartya Sen mean when he says that democracy is a universal value 5 What is civil society 6 What is a regime 7 Name four of the ten minimal requirements which Karl and Schmitter claim are necessary to be considered a democracy 8 In which type of democracy can the executive power dissolve the legislature and call for new elections 9 Which type of democracy has fixed mandates meaning terms of office are not exible and do not change 10 In which type of democracy is the executive and legislature elected separately Authoritarianism l What is an institution 2 Describe two social andor political conditions which tend to lead to the establishment of a military regime 3 What is the difference between a mass party and a caucus party 4 What are two reasons for why some states come under oneparty rule 5 How do bureaucratic authoritarian regimes legitimate their rule In other words what is the overall goal of bureaucratic authoritarian regimes 6 Bureaucratic Authoritarian regimes are formed by an alliance of what groups Which classes of people are excluded from power under such a regime 7 Describe what is meant by a system of quotpersonal rulequot 8 What is the role of society or social groupsclasses in a system of personal rule 9 What is the difference between a oneparty state and a limited multiparty state 10 What is a quotrebel regimequot ll Why did political organizations which fought for independence against colonialism often turn into oneparty states after independence was achieved Transitions l Latin American transitions to democracy occurred through quotbridgingquot Eastern European transitions occurred through quotbreakagequot How are they different 2 How did the military factor into Latin American transitions How did it factor in Eastern European transitions 3 According to Linz and Stepan generally what does it mean to say a democracy is quotconsolidatedquot 4 According to Linz and Stepan why is a command economy incompatible with democracy In other words why can t a state have a command economy in which the economy is owned and controlled by the government and a democracy 5 Linz and Stepan describe five conditions which are needed in order for a democracy to become consolidated Describe two of them For example the rule of law 6 According to Thomas Carothers transitions are usually thought of as having occurred in three stages the Opening the Breakthrough and Consolidation What is meant by quotopeningquot What is meant by quotbreakthroughquot 7 Why does Thomas Carothers argue that the concept of quottransitional democracyquot is flawed and not useful Specifically explain his argument about why many socalled quottransitionalquot democracies are not really in transition 8 Why do Linz and Stepan claim that an effective state is necessary before democracy can be established Political Economy 1 What is a common critique of the German style quotnegotiatedquot model of capitalism 2 What is a common critique of the US style quotmarketledquot model of capitalism 3 Why do supporters of free trade claim that free trade decreases the likelihood of war 4 Why do opponents of free trade claim that free trade increases the likelihood of war States Nations NationStates l What is the difference between an ethnic group and a nation 2 Why does Charles Tilly say that the state operates very similar to organized crime 3 Why does John Rapley say that the idea of quotfailed statesquot is not an accurate description of countries in the socalled Third World developing world What does he say is happening instead 4 What is the difference between patriotism and nationalism Comparative Politics amp Comparative Method 1 What is Comparative Politics What is International Relations
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