Gender & Communication
Gender & Communication
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Catherine Kennedy on Friday April 4, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California - Los Angeles taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 133 views.
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Date Created: 04/04/14
Thursday April 3 2014 Lecture 2 Making Sense of Sex amp Gender Objectives 0 Describe biological factors associated with sex distinctions for men and women 0 Explain the difference between sex and gender 0 Describe some characteristics of gendered identity Concepts in the Study of Gender and Communication Sex 0 A human designation based upon biology O Chromosomes XX XY 0 Of the 23 pairs each of us has only one determines sex 0 Men and women with an extra X chromosome XXX or XXY o In women with extra chromosome tallerlearning disabilities 0 In men with extra chromosome Klinefelter syndrome 0 Feminized hips o Smaller penis size 0 Breast development 0 Reduced sperm Features of Sex 0 Hormones testosterone estrogen Progesterone O Continues to influence sex as a person ages menstruation muscle mass voice deepening hair in some places and not others and libido O when a person is genetically male XY but are insensitive to the androgen hormone 0 Results in a man who is appears to be physically female but is genetically male 0 Genitalia O Males and females are identical in their development until the 6th week of gestation when geneticshormones produce physical differences 0 Brain differences 0 The brain has two hemispheres which quotspecializequot on certain functions or tasks Sex Differences amp the Brain 0 Left brain functions 0 Analytic thought 0 Logic 0 Language 0 Science and math 0 Right brain functions 0 Holistic thought Thursday April 3 2014 Lecture 2 O Intuition 0 Creativity 0 Art and music 0 Men tend to have more Iateralization which means that they depend more on one side of the brain than do females 0 The the space between the two hemispheres of the brain that links these two halves together is as much as 23 larger in men than women 0 Is this difference innate Or is it learned and thus altering brain pathways because of female socialization 0 Some research argues that social factors are what account for this size difference 0 Girls are encouraged to share their feelings while boys are encouraged to be tough and quotsuck it upquot Documentary Transgender o A young boy named Noah expresses very feminine characteristics 0 Likes to make shirts skirts 0 Father loves Noah unconditionally and says that he knows that Noah didn39t choose to be this way 0 Hopes Noah will begin to act like other boys when his hormones kick in but loves his son regardless of what happens 0 Noah39s mother is supportive of her son and also loves him unconditionally 0 She identifies her family as being Christian 0 Also recognizes that the Bible teaches that there are only two sexes and that one sex must not wear the clothing of the other sex and vice versa 0 However she disagrees with this teaching and feels that she can39t believe in a God that would discriminate against Noah for such things 0 Noah is teased by other children When asked if he gets teased he says quotThey ask questions like 39Are you wearing girl39s shoes393939 0 Noah wouldn39t want to answer those kind of questions Gender 0 A social role that expresses femininity or masculinity which grows out of society39s values beliefs and preferred ways of organizing collective life 0 Learned 0 Gender comes from sociality the norms of gender are dynamic O Varies across time and across cultures 0 In Sudan holding hands and hugging is considered normal behavior for the gendered male 0 Relational 0 Gender is not defined by what it is but rather by what it is not 0 Unstable ls Sex a Binary Category 0 Man vs woman as distinct and nonoverlapping classification 0 Transgendered 0 When a person39s gender identity does not match their sex 0 when a person changes from one sex to another through the use of hormones or surgery a subcategory of quottransgenderquot Thursday April 3 2014 Lecture 2 o Intersexed previously known as a quothermaphroditequot O Ambiguous genitalia o Essentialism 0 Define one specific feature as an essential feature of a given entity that makes that entity what it is o Eg if provisioning for the family is considered an essential feature of masculinity then one would argue quotif you are not a good breadwinner you are not a real manquot Documentary lntersex o lntersex raises questions about what gender really means 0 A person was born with ambiguous genitalia but was raised as a girl named Julie 0 Had a relationship with a male and with a female and the female had told her that she was weird 0 Received her medical records in the mail and was shocked to find out that she was born a hermaphrodite 0 But also relieved to know that she had a label 0 Began questioning the validity of her lesbianfemale identity and decided to transition to a man 0 Still has neither a male or female identity internally identifies as intersexed 0 There is still the question of when gender identity forms in the developing human brain 0 Even at birth the brain is only half formed and there are still many neural connections to be formed