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This 7 page Reader was uploaded by Quinnolyn Benson-Yates on Friday April 4, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 238 views.
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Date Created: 04/04/14
Monday March 31 2014 World Music Music 17 Lecture 1 Syllabus Notes Reading assignments must be done before sections every week Using specific examples from readings and listenings talk about what the relevant pointsquestions you have about the piece Must be familiar with the listening pieces able to recognize which is which 2 inclass exams play a piece you recognize it be able to write down social points themes concepts and relevant points from readings Paper 1500 words see syllabus Required to attend Asif Ali Khan on Thursday at Campbell and 2 other musical performances Extra Credit attend talks and writing a short report see syllabus Ethnomusicology Looking at music and culture Culture Shared values and beliefs Something that exists in the world and infuses itself into everything High Culture ie Shakespeare Beethoven things a good citizen should know Things you need to know social capital ie how to use fork knife for meal Very specific Culture as an identity Music Vibrations in the air Monday March 31 2014 Example of piece with no beat sounds like birds Used for getting people together in a social function Made to express emotion Has to have a beat to be recognized as music Looking at the way people listen to and relate to music Music cultures genres Wednesday April 2 2014 Lecture 2 Music use For working entertainment monetization organizing groups Music in the Soundscape Sonic relationship between people and their spatialsociocultural environments A way of recognizing musiccultural context hearing your surroundings recognizing the sound of a train station Acoustic ecology balance between things you hear Not just between humans and nature also about listening to cities technology media a way of tuning into cultural context and interaction Music Culture a group s total involvement with music can be the music in the background that no one has a problem with Not just the music itself also the context of musicmaking listening production consumption circulation etc Not a single context genres subcultures aesthetics reinterpretationsremixes histories innovations Monday March 31 2014 ie how Miley Cyrus and her music changed from a girl to a sexualized woman how her listeners are going through the same things nothing stands on its own all genres etc come from something before dubstep comes from dub which came from Jamaica Culture humankind s cumulative learned behavior way of life of a people a complex whole includes behavior ideas and beliefs not just Culture as certain kinds of music art literature culture does not have intrinsic meaning we interpret its signs and perform its rules and regularly rewrite them Music A form of at least human communicationexpression But not just a thing a multidirectional process the work of musicking CSma is part of culturemaking and knowing music isn t just a noun but a verb discussing music performing learning listening to music etc its meaning depends on everchanging interpretations in diverse contexts Not just a singular expression but a symbolic field different than ordinary communication feels what the artist fees empathy wo language through art emotional aesthetic but also functional providesdo something for us ie painting of an ancestor to keep family lineage music tastessharing exchanges info about a person ie giving someone a love song Value depends on social and cultural factors context but musical context is not always consistent as a system especially not across cultures or even with them Playing same music in different settings different volumes listened by different people to create different responses etc Monday March 31 2014 Requires special kinds of practices musicianshiplistening attention to how a person or community thinks about music behaves in relation to music and the sounds they create hear and feel sell buy etc ie Western music only a musician if you are talented at making music Knowing Music Culture Affect emotional feeling of music listening to music to change your mood Performance more complex than just playing an instrument must exude a lot of nuances as a performer also for listeners how to sit quietly recognize music Transmission how we learn and teach music how we know music ie piano music Circulation how music travels and connects ie recordings live performances radio media etc Happy Birthday nterpretation audience interaction communities affinity groups high school identified as a fan of this Relate to people with similar taste music organizes groups and can shape an identity Musics like cultures have rules and expectations implicit or explicit What are the relationships between social and sonic forms RhythmTimeTempoMeter Rhythm A timerelation among sounds repetition of sound If repetition is in a pattern it is metrical Meters of 3 and 4 are common waltz 44 In poetry iambic pentameter 5 beats stress on 2nd syllable Monday March 31 2014 Two house holds both alike in dignity In fair Verona where we lay our scene Organizing tones beats and feel of music Polyrhythm more than one rhythm at once in a single metric pattern typical of African and many other musical forms Often heard as syncopation Bo Diddley Bea polymeter aka cross rhythms two or more different meters at once ex against 3 3 against 4 Chernoff Crossrhythm nonmetered rhythm Viswanathan alapana nonmetered rhythm Viswanathan alapana ToneTunePitchMelody meody the tune of a piece of music pitch frequency of sound vibration high low scales organize pitches do re mi unfamiliar scales sound out of tune interval distance bt pitches piano keys have pitches in set intervals timbre tone quality most complex to describe meaning in music lies harmony relationships bt 2 or more simultaneous parts monophonic one voice solo homophonic unison happy bday polyphonic more than one distinct melody heterophonic same melody in different ways by multiple voices w own variations form how a song is organized often based in patterns of melody Questions similarities and inconstancies of musical concepts and practices across cultures is all sound really music Monday March 31 2014 What really maters in music to whom what does it mean to like music how do we identify with it how do we know what s good Friday April 4 2014 Lecture 3 Interview with Asif Ali Khan Asif Khan belongs to a family of musicians 6th generations of family background India region classical singer music taught from father to son Their teacher taught them Khabali he experimented with fusion of Khabali with classical music successful The leader Asif Ali Khan has been singing Khabali for 20 years since he was young carrying down his ancestral tradition Instruments Harmonium pump organ and tabla drum both from India Harmonium originated from an accordion but sits on the ground Tabla 2 drum head smaller one called dayan name from Sunskrit but is a mixture of language has different names in different languages Other larger drum is called dagga very old original instrument Played a traditional Khabali song written more than 450 years ago by their ancestors the composition was created by one member s grandfather to be adapt for their particular kind of group Play a different beat with each song They have specific positions of where each instrumentsinger goes In Indian music you can sing the notes you re singing Monday March 31 2014 influence of classical music Singing SaReDaMa Can use these syllables in a Western style
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