Intro to Cinema
Intro to Cinema
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Film Studies
verified elite notetaker
This 17 page Reader was uploaded by Quinnolyn Benson-Yates on Friday April 4, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 139 views.
Reviews for Intro to Cinema
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/04/14
Tuesday April 1 2014 Intro to Cinema Film 46 Lecture 1 How did film evolve into the expectations we have today the way in which watching and listening of films have evolved Film Illusion We see what is not there motion Critical flicker fusion the point at which the brain ceases to see the pulsating of the light and starts to see a continuous beam Apparent motion static lights going on and off are seen as moving ie Las Vegas moving displays Film business Stages of production a film goes through beginning book or story is turned into a screenplay taking the action and breaking it down into visual component Start with a pitchidea story board write script Preproduction scheduling hiring designing Production shooting with actors sets stunts Postproduction Editing adding sounds music special effects etc Bringing film to audience Distribution and exhibition strategies Film Form Form is a system of relations We like patterns when we recognize them we can make predictions Are films that do not fulfill expectations more challenging Form contextualizes emotional responses Tuesday April 1 2014 Principles of Film Form Systems of Elements have function Similarity and repetition patterns Difference and variation Development Unityvariety Watched Short film Demolition of a Wall Lumiere Brothers experimented w projecting short films to show to larger audience four guys knock down a wall take pick axes to it with classical music soundtrack has the beginning of a story structure waiting for wall to fall down witness the consequences Watched another short Snow fight a bicyclist enters between the snow fighters gets knocked off bike grabs his bike and leaves Unsuspecting victim comedy since no lasting consequences he didn t die Watched another short Card Party Three gentleman playing cards waiter serves drinks only suspense is if the beer is going to overflow Watched another short La Voyage dans la Lune Voyage to the Moon Melies was actor director sets designer and screen writer in his films the set here shows similarity to Dumbedore s room A magician enter a room and teaches a class of young39s magicians A lot of argument and throwing of papers halfway through they disrobe and put on top hats and overcoats build a rocket ship Slapstick comedy Tuesday April 1 2014 they enter rocket ship blasted into space to hit the moon in the eye On the moon they celebrate then go to sleep under stars with faces that turn into planets and throw snow on them they go down under the moon surface into a wonderland esque landscape full of mushrooms encounter a strange animals they vanquish by hitting it with an umbrella and it vanishes in a pile of smoke but more come and they re capture and brought to the kings One man escapes and he throws the king down who is vanquished in a pile of smoke As they flee the animals chase them they find their rocket ship and after exploding several more creatures they fall into an ocean they re towed to shore by a boat Pattern recognized in film Go out to the moon them must turn back and come down Repetitions keep conferring and fighting with each other bodies disappear in a puff of smoke Main ideas going out and conquering a world how to become a scientist practice vs a magician idea science fiction film most shocking was the women in short pants for the time penod Buster Keaton Sherlock Jr Plot employee as a motion picture operator studying to become a detective See boy studying manager tells him to clean up theater worker leaves trash outside entrance of theater to go into shop meets girl slapstick comedy in getting a sticky piece of paper stuck places bunch of women come to his trash collection saying they lost a dollar he ends up giving his money away man comes to find his wallet full of cash int he pile of trash Tuesday April 1 2014 he steals in order to give to his girl of his fancy while a man steals a pocket watch from the coat outside he gives the girl a small diamond ring the pocket watch thief buys her a larger gift Father comes in someone has stolen my watch protagonist looks at his book for detective steps Thief says the first step is to search everybody and he slips his watch into pocket of protagonist they see a receipt for the pan broker s gold watch sold 4 which is also the price of the gift he is told to leave and never come back girl gives him back the ring he witnesses the thief leave and he follow the shadow your man closely rule He alms behind the thief and mimics his actions comedically he gets locked into a train car and loses the thief girl goes to pawn shop and asks who was the man who pawned the watch discovers it wasn t protagonist he falls asleep at the reel and dreams the movie he s showing are the girl and the thief his dream self jumps into the screen and is thrown out by their he s in the screen and it changes setting to comedic effect the thief and the butler team up to steal the girl s family pearls butler shows thief exploding pool table balls and a killing chair device the family calls sherlock jr who s portrayed as the protagonist the detective protagonist is attempted to be killed by the butler and the thief the detective and sherlock play pool but he misses the exploding ball continually detective had discovered the exploding ball but hadn t unmasked the pearl thief This movie is making fun of previous movies such as the close save movies typical gag usually has 3 installments Lecture 2 Tuesday April 1 2014 Form and Narrative What shapes a film Form A system of relationships among the parts that make up a film how is the film put together Key Words System Pattern Expectations Func ons Similarities and repetitions Differences and variations Unity vs disunity Development Meaning Connected to the elements of four Referential refers to some culturally or generationally specific knowledge ie girl describes dollar in Sherlock Jr by mimicking the wings of the eagle on the dollar which doesn t exist anymore ie Referential Harry Potter reference to Melies trip to the moon homage Explicit What you see is what you get Implicit Appeals to something more than just the basic plot of the story ie we all relate to the feeling of growing up in Wizard of Oz Symptomatic Ideology refers to animates or provokes some of our beliefs Three man and a baby vs three women and a baby 3 women not as funny due to ideological beliefs that women know how to take care of a baby better than men Imagine someone who is not represented on the screen old people Narrative It is ONE way among several to give film its shape Use time frames space casualty cause and effect Lecture 2 Tuesday April 1 2014 Usually a series of events in a time and space connected by cause and effect take away one of these components and no story Elements of Narrative form cause effect time space etc protagonists usually no more than 2 or 7 if about a larger population Time duration of the story of plot of screen time order of events frequency of events or situations Keep in mind Plot vs Story will be on midtermfinal Plot the problem that needs to be solved the elements that make the story interesting Has a character with a need and desire All the events explicitly presented including the nondiegetic material ie material that is not part of the story Story all events implicitly and explicitly presented background of characters Space can be visible on screen it can be hinted at off screen Causality cause and effect connects the scenes of the film Plot All the events explicitly presented including the nondiegetic material ie the material that is not pert of the story ex credits Narration the process arrangement of events of turning a story into a plot Buster Keaton Sherlock Jr Notes Making fun of previous movies such as the close save movies typical gag usually has 3 installments Lecture 2 Tuesday April 1 2014 ie the 3 people looking at the trash first 2 lost a dollar then last one unexpectedly takes a whole wallet full of cash He s moved by a pretty face then by compassion then by fear of the older man variation and repetition sees candy can t afford it motivation Loses all his money more motivation The 4 is significant bc 4 is how much watch and candy is sold for and what makes him look guilty for the theft The end of Buster Keaton Sherlock Jr Next day protagonist walks through what we thought was a mirror then opened what looked like a safe that turned out to be a door climbed down what we thought was a pole and turned out to be a descending road blocker car chase ensues after detective abs the pearls from the bad guys he drives the motorcycle without knowing it he grabs the girl who had been held by another bad guy and another car chase ensues with him driving the car he throws the exploding pool table ball at them he turns the car into a sailboat give the pearls to the girl then the boat sinks He wakes up from his dream girl comes to visit him tells him about her discovery about the receipt he mimics what he sees on the screen of the movie theater and turns the girl around and kisses her hand he looks to the screen for advice then mimics it again and he places the ring on her finger again then he looks to the screen sees them kiss and reluctantly kisses her too the movie cuts to the manwife with children he scratches his head the end Frame story guy works in movie theater theater is where dreams take place half the movie takes place in the dream world then in reality the girl figures out the mystery for herself Film form system of reations patterns Lecture 2 Tuesday April 1 2014 not every film has predictable outcomes many challenges it comedic effect twists Formal Patterns Openings amp closing ie No Trespassing sign shown in the beginning and closing scenes Buster Keaton opening protagonist w a book closing him kissing the hand of the girl in the movie theater Both scenes open and end in the movie theater Guy is finding inspiration in the movie theater Motif A formal element that is repeated and significant creates an expectationparallelassociation ie ruby slipper from Wizard of Oz Citizen Kane Notes Orson Welles Citizen Kane reminds of a headline No Trespassing sign opening scene cinematography motif camera is probing investigation is trespassing into this life of this person Lots of things in the face of the camera Large K on the gate to a large castle signals a big personality very spooky The opening has a climbing over every single fence Brightly light window at the top window that we get closer and closer to as it remains the same place on the screen then light goes off in the window as it fills the screen shifts to snow that is revealed to be in the snow globe with a tiny house he is dreaming he s holding Shot with the snow globe tiny house of his childhood dying in a large empty decrepit house with the only person to take care of him is a paid nurse everything looks abandoned nurse comes in to cover up dead guy with a sheet after he gasped rockspurt news on the march announcement with obituary Xanadu s Landlord Begins with an ending Chain of events Lecture 2 Tuesday April 1 2014 Determined by agents characters human or not must have traits traits will provide motivation How does the story flow depth and range of story info how much is given how much is withheld How well do we know a character depth how many things do we know at the same time range Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 Citizen Kane 2nd Day News on the March announcing Kane s death The story follows a report for News on the march trying to discover the meaning behind Kane s last word Rosebud News on the March lots of scenes of architecture large castles described the ostentatious building process of Xanadu s palace the beginnings of the castle that citizen Kane was shown dying in the guy has the biggest private zoo the most costly monument a man has built to himself charles foster kane newspapers around the world state his death origin of the Kane fortune grew up at an abandoned mine shaft Kane was taken charge of by a wealthy banker given away by his mother when he was young the youth is known for attacking people later just shown as pushing the banker over when he learns he s being separated from his mom Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 different people called kane a communist a fascist Kane known for swinging the election for a President he owned a newspaper twice married twice divorce first wife and son died in car accident after she left him 2 weeks after first divorce he married an opera singer Kane was never in an official position then caught in a love scandal great depression Kane newspaper started closing very American wrongly predicted there d be no WW two Nations stopped listening to him then his death cut to the people who were creating the news march they start critiquing the reel Kane last word Rosebud they decided to go and figure out why his last word was rosebud thinking it meant something of significance shots of outside building then panning slowly into windows Ms alexander second wife tells reporter to get out of here reporter inquires the lady s butler says that he d never heard of rosebud another camera screening front the sign of thatcher library to characters inside building Reporter is reading personal accounts of the banker Mr Thatcher who is Kane s adoptee parent among the father s protests they sign the boy to the bank they give the boy away to mr thatcher while his parents sign the deal so that the kid gets the fortune at twenty one IO Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 father says kane needs a good thrashing after kane pushes the banker to the ground the mother says that s why kane must leave so that Kane may not be touched by his father Sometime later when Kane is an adult Kane tells his banker he thinks it would be fun to run a newspaper his newspaper starts running unverified reports he manipulates the world through his newspaper he was expelled from lots of colleges his newspaper is aiming to help poor people Kane is losing money by publishing his newspapers doesn t care cause he has a lot of money falsely believes he can lose money at this rate for 60 years Thatcher sends money to him a few years later when he goes bankrupt from the newspaper Kane well I always gagged on a silver spoon Kane if i hadn t been really rich i might been a great man he tells thatcher he would have like to been everything Thatcher hates reporter doesn t find rosebud Mr bernstein penniless friend acted as a servant was with kane before the beginning he said thatcher was a prick all he did was make money he said no one knew what kane wanted kane didn t want money Bernstein Describes Kane s life Kane tells the people to sit down when he enters room of the newspaper he just bought says he doesn t know his plans Mr Bernstein comes in carrying all their things Kane moves into the headman s office Kane says he will open the newspapers for 24 hours Kane tells the headman for the reporters to impersonate detectives wants to make the newspaper as important as the gas to the city He says he wants to put the honest truth and be the champion of the people s rights 11 Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 His newspaper grows into big circulation At the celebration party for newspaper s success Giant ice K on the table with a newspaper inside the ice Kane buys the writers for the chronicle but his best friend Leland warns that the men won t be true to Kane s wishes to protect the poor and will change the newspaper Kane goes abroad and wants to buy the biggest diamond to collect someone whose collecting diamonds Kane comes back awkward and stuttering says he can t accept the trophy that the welcome home party tries to give him but grabs it and leaves they see him outside with his fiance his announcement says that he s engaged to emily monroe norton niece to the president of the united states Reporter asks Bernstein it didn t end very well did it it ended Mr bernstein says maybe rosebud was a thing he lost that he was a man who lost everything he had reporter visits his friend Leland who s in an old person s home Leland was with Kane when he started the newspaper career who says Kane wasn t a brutal man but he did brutal things Leland says Kane never gave anything away just left a tip Kane never believed in anything besides himself says that s what messed Kane up Leland can t say anything about rosebud his description of Mr Kane s life 12 says after a couple of months Emily 1st wife and Charles Kane didn t see much of each other besides breakfast Kane spends all his time with the newspaper montage of them eating breakfast starts out lovely him saying he adores her then things grow sour emily doesn t like when Kane s newspapers criticized the president emily really chares people will think Kane What I tell them to think Lecture 3 13 Thursday April 3 2014 last scene they are reading the newspaper not talking to each other Leland says that Kane wanted love but lost it bc he couldn t give any live When asked if Kane loved Susan his second wife Leland told reporter Kane called his second wife the cross section of the american people Scene starts with his second wife laughing when she she leaves the drug store then camera pans out to show Kane covered in mud from a passing horse carriage she offer Kane some hot water Kane spends his time trying to make her laugh while she s in pain from her tooth she doesn t know who mr kane is she says she doesn t know many people kane says he knows too many and that they must both be lonely Kane is very intrusive asking into her life about how old she is what she does then brusquely asks her to sing for him she sings for him in the parlor scene changes to them in a much more luxurious house then Kane runs for governor to point out the dishonesty of Boston machine says he s still fighting for the underprivileged he makes promises as if he were already governor he has a giant K on his necktie after speech emily takes him to Susan and turns out his opposition will say he and susan were having an affair the opposition had forced Susan to write Kane a letter yet susan said there wasn t anything going on between her and Kane Kane chooses to stay and fight the opposition instead of giving into the opposition who want him to give up the election and leave the country for his health Kane says that he s the one that s going to decide what he does no one chooses for him Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 his opposition says he needed a lesson and he s gonna get more than one lesson Kane yells while emily and his opposition walks out calmly scene ends on the door the it started on 185 is the address Kane isn t elected governor Leland comes to mr kane drunksays kane talks about the people like you own them talks about difference between giving them rights and them taking their rights says Kane wont like the reality of it Kane wants love on his own terms this scene is shot at knee height looking up at them Leland says he wants to go to Chicago Kane marries susan Kane builds her an opera house scene pans up from the stage as she sings to the rafters where theater men hold their nose Leland and Kane haven t spoken in years Kane walks into newspaper room to see Leland drunk on his typewriter Leland started writing his review of the opera that susan was pretty but completely hopelessly amateur Kane finishes mr Leland s notice of how susan was incompetent when Leland wakes up Berngenstein says kane is finishing it the way Leland started it and tells Leland i guess that ll show you Kane publishes the harsh review amp fires Leland Leland says Kane published review to to prove he was an honest man and he d also turned susan into a singer to take off the singer in the head title of the newspaper that had ruined his political career by reporting his affair with singer built the opera to make his own world reporter leaves Leland goes to visit Susan again another camera pan from front of building to the club name into the skylight window to show Susan in finery 14 Lecture 3 Thursday April 3 2014 says she hadn t actually wanted to sing that everything was his idea Flashback to her getting singing lessons instructor says she cannot sing it s impossible Kane forces him to continue Kane reiterates that the people will think he s good because he will make them think that see another shot of her on the opera stage see Leland in the audience bored and drunk and Kane staring with hungry attention at the end Kane is the last one clapping susan gets pissed about the review he had fired Leland with a check for 25000 and Leland sends it back to him torn up with the declaration of principles that Kane had written when he started the newspaper Kane says susan will continue singing while he tears up the declaration Kane hovers over susan telling her she ll continue with her singing There s the lightbulb that goes out while a series of newspaper headlines saying the success of susan She tries to commit suicide sleeping pills she tells kane she couldn t go through the singing again cause the whole audience just doesn t want you kane says thats when you gottta fight them then he relents and says alright you don t gotta fight them anymore it s their loss they move into the giant castle that he dies in the room they re in is huge see susan assembling a puzzle says she could go crazy in this palace and that she was lonesome their voices are echoing scenes of her completing many different puzzles sometime later she s still putting together puzzles says it makes a whole lot better than collecting statues that Kane collects Susan tells Kane you never give me anything i really care about 15 Lecture 3 I6 Thursday April 3 2014 Susan says Kane just bought her never gets her anything of importance to himself Kane says whatever he does he does bc he loves her she says he just wants her to love him the background sound moves from music to a lady screaming when he slaps her Kane enters her room the door slams in the camera s face she s leaving him he begs her not to go but it s strange for him to beg promises everything will be the way she wants it he says she mustn t go she can39t do this to him susan says he still thinks it s all about him she say s i can t do this to you oh yes I can the camera pans from susan and the reporter to out the skylight Reporter finds the butler of the giant castle of Xanadu and the butler demands 1000 for info on rosebud Reporter pays butler tells his story Scene cuts to the time Susan left him scene transitions as she walks out to a blind white parrot taking flight see mr Kane destroying her bedroom see him pick up the snow globe he later dies with in his hand hear him say rosebud the whole staff is watching he leaves the bed room putting the globe into his pocket they use mirrors lots of mirrors to show lots of kane walking down the hall from her bedroom while entire staff looks on camera pans out to reveal it s not just the butler and reporter speaking but a lot of photographers taking picture of the actually giant room they re in Kane had never thrown anything away montage of objects statues the trophy given to him etc seen throughout the movie stacked around the giant room when asked what he found out reporter said he didn t find out much about Kane reporter said he played with a jigsaw puzzle reporter said kane was a man who got everything he wanted then lost it all said it doesn t matter what rosebud meant just a piece of the puzzle that one word coudn t describe a Lecture 3 17 Thursday April 3 2014 man s life this was said as the camera pans out to reveal all the stuff Kane ever owned then camera switches over to pan over all the things Kane ever owned everything junk or expensive looks like a junkyard camera zooms in on workers burning the junk in the collection We see the sled he had as a kid when his mom was signing the deal to give him to Thatcher It has rosebud inscribed on it the sled is burned in the fire the final logo burned away scene ends with camera panning from the smoke coming out of the giant castle house the fence with the no trespassing sign on it and finally the K at the top of gate
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'