4.07.16 Notes GR 1123
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Carlos on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Sarah Radencic in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro World Geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/10/16
TEST April 12th o Eastern Europe(Balkans & Ukraine, Rock of Gibraltar) o Sub-Sahara Africa o North Africa Map Quiz 6 o East Asia and Russia Monday 4/11 -Friday 4/15 Spread of Religion o Oldest Religion Hinduism o Abraham was born UR o Fastest spreading religion Islam o Islam is a religion, Muslim's follow Islam DDT in Africa: Malaria v. Health Risks o Ethical concern Protection of the diversity of wildlife v. Malaria victims dying in Africa o Tuberculosis is mainly in the North o Diarrheal diseases due to unclean water North Africa and the Middle East o Interesting facts The Middle East is known as the "crossroads of the world" because it lies in between Asia, Africa and Europe Hence the name "middle" The term "Arab" refers to an ethnic group not a religion Not all Arabs are Muslims This confusion also exists with Judaism NASWA an acronym for North Africa/South-West Asia Iran is the former Persian Empire Very large portion of the population is under 30 Educated Unemployed o Original Three Abrahamic Faith Judaism (First Abrahamic Religions) Christianity Islam Monotheistic The belief in one God o Populations Egypt= Nile River Turkey= black sea and mediterranean sea Iran= caspian sea and persian gulf North Africa = mediterranean sea Majority of populations live near water because of the dry climat o The Birthplace of Civilization Birthplace of man is Ethiopia Fertile Crescent = Mesopotamia = between two rivers Neolithic = 10,000 years ago humans began to domesticate plants and animals, learned to irrigate their fields and grow the population Birthplace of many foundational concepts: Maps 60 minutes per hour; 24 hours per day Trigonometry Early medicine Irrigation Written text The Egyptian Empire Highly advanced Second oldest language Hieroglyphics Writing paper, irrigation, domestication of wheat Sailing Architecture, masonry (pyramids) Polytheistic and belief of an afterlife Kings were called paharos Sun god Rah Oil in NASWA Saudi Arabia number 1 oil producers in the world and the US's biggest alli in the Middle East Began in Iran Majority of the oil was found after WW2 OPEC Orgainzation of Petroleum Exporting Countries Created to try to not have a monoply 8 NASWA countries Can cause high prices for those who don't have oil Results of OPEC Has totally transformed the Middle East since the 1960s Positives Urban transformation Infrastructure investments Industrialization Foreign investment and involvement Negatives Variable income Regional Disparities Migration from other realms NASAW Dynamic Fragmented Modernization Many issues in the Middle East and North America Wealth Disparities Most NASWA people are poor, not rich Typical Iranian makes $10,840 USD a year Qatar citizen makes $103,900 USD a year Religion differences internally (Shia v. Sunnis) and externally (Christianity/Judaism) Old autocratic government leaders and young populations = cultural issues Arab Spring (2010-Present) Started with a fruit vender. Couldn't sale his fruit so in protest he set himself on fire, dying a few weeks later Spread quickly through social media Two things in common Old rulers who have been there for a long time Young, well-educated, unemployed population Cultural Regions of the Middle East 30 Countries 6 regions Egypt and the Lower Nial = the heart The Maghred (Sahara) The Middle East Largely Islamic The Arabian Peninsula = Richest oil The Empire States = Iran and Turkey Turkestan Transition zone African TZ is the primary area where the Sunni and the Shia are having problems Egypt Suez Canal Get the oil out Saudi Arabia Desert Iran Iranian revolution in 1979
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