New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

BIOL 2230

by: Allison Collins

BIOL 2230 BIOL 2230

Allison Collins
GPA 3.88

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are from the lecture on 4/5 and cover normal flora and diseases of the skin and eyes.
Anthony L Newsome
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Microbiology

Popular in Biology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Collins on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2230 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Anthony L Newsome in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in Biology at Middle Tennessee State University.


Reviews for BIOL 2230


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/10/16
4/5   Areas  of  the  body  with  natural  flora   Skin   •   2  predominant  bacteria:  Staphylococcus  aureus  and  Staphylococcus   epidermis   •   Body  odor  is  caused  by  bacteria  on  the  surface  of  skin   •   Deodorants  have  antibiotic  compounds   •   MRSA  –  methicillin  resistant  staph  aureus   o   Major  human  pathogen  –  20%  of  people  are  carriers     Nose   •   Hundreds  of  kinds  of  bacteria   •   Neisseria  meningitidis  –  normal  flora  –  causes  meningococcal  meningitis   o   Meningitis:  inflammation  of  meninges  (surround  spinal  cord)   §   Caused  by  many  kinds  of  bacteria  and  fungus   §   Many  strains   §   Big  problem  among  college  students  and  military   •   Introduced  to  new  strains  from  around  the  world   •   Compromised  immune  systems  –  stress,  no  sleep   Mouth   •   Hundreds  of  kinds  of  bacteria   •   Streptococcus  mutans  –  sticks  to  enamel   o   Produces  strong  acid  that  wears  holes  in  enamel   o   Ideologic  agent  of  cavities   Large  intestine     •   Trillions  of  bacteria   •   E.  coli,  Proteus  klebsiella,  shigella  –  referred  to  as  “enterics”   Small  intestine   •   Fewer  bacteria  than  large  intestine  because  it’s  adjacent  to  stomach,   which  is  acidic  and  has  few  bacteria   Lower  urinary  and  genital  system   •   Streptococcus,  Pseudomonas   These  flora  are  normally  not  pathogenic,  but  when  they  get  somewhere   they  don’t  belong  (e.g.  circulatory  system,  deep  tissue),  cause  illness  or   death   Probiotics  –  MO  that  have  clinical  health  benefits  when  consumed   •   Good  to  take  when  on  antibiotics  or  when  drinking  alcohol   Diseases  of  the  skin   Antibiotic  resistant  forms  of  S.  aureus:   •   MRSA  –  especially  surgical  wound  infections   •   Boil/abscess     o   A  localized  region  of  pus  surrounded  by  inflamed  tissue   §   Pus:  accumulation  of  dead  phagocytes,  bacteria,  and  fluid   §   Inflammation:  a  host  response  to  tissue  damage   characterized  by  redness,  pain,  heat,  swelling   •   Impetigo  –  skin  infection  –  tissue  gets  dry  and  crusty   o   Newborns  –  S.  aureus  is  main  cause   Scalded  skin  syndrome  –  skin  comes  off   •   2  years  and  older  –  Streptococcus  pyogenes  –  beta  hemolytic  strep  –  skin   lesions   •   Colony  in  blood  agar  produces  clear  area  around  colony   2   •   Beta  hemolysis  à  gram  stain  à  Streptococcus  à  know  whether  it’s   beta-­‐hemolytic  strep   Strep  throat  -­‐  caused  by  viruses  –  potential  of  scarlet  fever   •   Swab  throat:  see  if  proteins  are  present  –  if  so,  put  in  red  agar  and  test   Pseudomonas  aeruginosa  –  normal  flora   •   Has  ability  to  cause  disease  in  humans   •   Dermatitis  –  swimming  and  hot  tubs   •   Resistant  to  disinfectants   •   Otitis  externa  –  swimmer’s  ear   •   When  burn  patients  die  it’s  usually  because  of  a  secondary  bacterial   infection   Propionibacterium  acnes   •   Leave  significant  scars   •   Cystic  acne  –  also  severe   Streptococcus  pyogenes   •   Flesh  eating  bacteria   •   Necrotizing  fasciitis   •   Toxic  shock  syndrome  –  normal  flora  responsible  –  S.  aureus  and  S.   pyogenes   Diseases  of  the  eye   Conjunctivitis  –  inflammation  of  the  mucus  membrane  that  lines  the  eyelids   and  outer  surface  of  the  eyeball   •   Many  different  bacteria  and  viruses  cause  it   Staphylococcus  and  Pseudomonas   •   Especially  people  with  contact  lenses   3   •   Neonatal  gonorrheal  ophthalmia  –  if  child  is  born  and  mom  has  Neisseria   gonorrhea,  when  passing  through  birth  canal  has  potential  to  pick  up   o   Can  lead  to  blindness  –  serious  form  of  conjunctivitis   o   Law:  give  newborns  antibiotics  in  eyes  within  an  hour  of  birth   o   Prevent  blindness  and  protect  hospital  personnel   Chlamydial  conjunctivitis   Pinkeye  (aka  conjunctivitis)     •   Many  causes  –  collective  term   4  


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.