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Political Science 103 Week 4 Lecture Notes

by: Sydney Furth

Political Science 103 Week 4 Lecture Notes POL_SCI103

Marketplace > Political Science > POL_SCI103 > Political Science 103 Week 4 Lecture Notes
Sydney Furth
GPA 3.8
Political Science
Hayden Smith

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Here are the notes from week 4 of poli_sci 103 lecture! I hope these are beneficial!
Political Science
Hayden Smith
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Furth on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL_SCI103 at a university taught by Hayden Smith in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 223 views.


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Date Created: 02/06/15
Political Science 103 Week 4 Lecture Notes Global South Most people Global North Most money State of the South Basic human needs World hunger Women in development Rural and Urban development Migration and refugees Basic human needs Food Safe food Shelter Safe place to live Literacy Reading and writing a simple sentence Children 1 in 4 children in the South suffers from hunger Health care Lack of healthcare in global south Safe water 1 in 6 people world wide have no safe water War is a leading obstacle to provision of basic needs Natural disasters also lead to obstacles World hunger Most central to basic needs of people in global south is food Malnutrition and undernourishment Subsistence farming vs cash crops Rural and urban populations Urbanization Move toward the city Causes Land reform Women in development Economic development in poor countries closely tied to the status of women Men eat first when there is food available Discrimination against girls in education and literacy Migration and Refugees From poorer to richer states often illegally Voluntary Doing it for their own good but their country doesn39t have to let them leave and the other country doesn39t have to let them in Refugees Fleeing from conflict or disaster states often are required to accept them Trafficking Forcing someone to leave for prostitution or labor Economic accumulation Capitalist perspective Economic growth Socialist perspective Distribution of wealth Economic development based on capital accumulation Growth of human populations and their capital Industrial revolution Accelerated capital accumulation from global north Information technology The world system Global system of regional class dimensions NorthHigher SouthLower Marxist in orientation Class divisions are regionalized Imperialism Effects of colonialism Postcolonial dependency History of colonization Negative effect on people and culture Economic implications Various methods to independence Violent uprisings or abandonment PostColonial Dependency Gap in technical and administrative skills Narrow export economies Borders drawn by Europeans No attention to historical and cultural lines Government did not function effectively Penetration of economies by MNCs Corruption Important negative factor in economic development Centers on government as central actor in economic development Negotiations on foreign investment another player added Starting the mission Peacekeeping Security council Has to approve mission General assembly Has to approve the mandate DPKO DFS Manages after deployment Security general Appoints commander for mission Paying for the mission UN pays contributing states per peacekeeper States pay troops and have control States volunteer troops and can take them back at any time Top contributors of Peacekeepers Pakistan Most troops Bangladesh Most troops India Most troops US Top monetary contributor Japan Top monetary contributor Actions Peace building Strengthening of law much stronger mandate Peace keeping Monitoring elections being neutral etc Different definitions of peacekeeping Preventive Diplomacy Before conflict occurs Peacemaking After conflict occurs Peace enforcement Stop conflict PeaceBuilding Developing a nation after conflict Peacekeeping works Sent where most needed Breaking peace has negative consequences Longterm peacekeeping is successful Goal and capabilities are dependent on mandate Things to considerate What happens when peacekeepers leave Why does peacekeeping fail What happens when peacekeepers are attacked Genocide Acts committed with intent to destroy national racial ethical or religious groups Ethnic makeup of Rwanda pe Hutu 85 Tutsi 14 Twa 1 Rwanda Colonized by Belgium in 1916 and produced identity cards and placed Tutsi in charge 1959 series of riots about 20000 Tutsi killed many fled to Burundi Tanzania and Uganda 1962 Belgium relinquished power and Hutu take power Tutsi treated as scapegoats Supported by France RPF in Uganda led by Paul Kagame launched attacks against the Rwanda government ace agreement reached in 1993 Militant Groups Rwanda Patriotic Front RPF Tutsi lnterhamwe Those who attack together Hutu Presidential guard Hutu Timeline April 6 1994 President Habyarimara a Hutu was shot down and Hutu extremists began genocide AprilJuly approximately 800000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu killed July RPF capture the capital kill Kagali July 2 million Hutu flee Zaire now Democratic Republic of Congo Branch of RPF remains in Congo still


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