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Contemporary Social Problems, Week 11

by: Jordan255

Contemporary Social Problems, Week 11 SO 1103

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Behavioral Sciences > SO 1103 > Contemporary Social Problems Week 11
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About this Document

These notes cover material presented in class from 4/5/16-4/7/16
Jennifer Cheek
Class Notes
Social problems
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan255 on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Jennifer Cheek in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Behavioral Sciences at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 04/10/16
Contemporary Social Problems 4/5/16-4/7/16 Chapter 9: Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Race vs Ethnicity  Both social constructs  Ethnicity is culture, traditions, language, norms, etc – more fluid  Race is physical features  Historically, the Bible is the first place that makes a distinction between races o People used to believe that there were biological reasons races do particular things o Hitler used eugenics to justify genoside o In ’03 the entire human genome was mapped  Researchers argue that race varies over time and place o Irish immigrants didn’t used to be considered white o These racial categories are often used to hurt and hate  Mixing of groups produces blended traits o Most people can’t determine race just by looking  Consequences of race are both social and political o Genocide – mass killing, sterilization, rape o Expulsion – moving people off their land or out of home country o Segregation – Jim Crow laws o Acculturation – adopting a culture not their own and leaving the old one behind o Pluralism – an ideal state. The idea that multiple cultures can live together in harmony o Assimilation – when 2 cultures become one. Associated with melting pot analogy  Minority groups – those with less power, not necessarily those with the least number of people Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the U.S.  Our current census allows for multiple races and ethnicities  In 2010, 72.4% white, 12.6% black, 16.3% Latino, and 2.9% are two or more races  Hispanic population is growing rapidly  Mixed race youths make up the fastest growing category o Anti-miscegenation laws found unconstitutional (different races can now marry)  There are still many racial problems in the U.S. today, however Immigration in the U.S.  Reasons for immigration o Push factors – country of origin causing suffering or hardships, pushing people out o Pull factors – Positives of the country of future immigration pulling people in  History of immigration o Open door policy until 1882 when government decided to create immigration laws Contemporary Social Problems 4/5/16-4/7/16 o Chinese exclusion act in 1882 o 1917 established a literacy test o 1924 established quota system o 1960’s Hart – Cellar act gave priority to families, students, and workers o Today, immigrants represent 13% of the population, 3 out of 4 are here legally  Guest Worker Program o H2A for agriculture workers, H2B for non-agriculture workers  These workers’ legal status is tied to their employer, making it impossible to find different work without leaving the states  These visas make human trafficking/indentured servitude easier o Illegal immigration  Most are people that have overstayed their visas  Border patrol has so much land to oversee, people can get through  Most are here to work then return home  Migrant Hispanic men are often in workforce  These families often live off one paycheck under minimum wage  Immigration reform and control act – illegal immigrants aren’t allowed to be hired  Increased workplace raids  Secure fence act in 2006 – only covers half of boarder, doesn’t really keep people out, affects wildlife  2009 Dream Act – allows students or children of migrants to go to school or join military, giving a path to citizenship  SB 1070 Allows police to check status of people o Becoming a citizen  Naturalization – process of becoming a citizen  Must have lived in the states for 5 years  No criminal activity  Literacy and oral test  Large test for general U.S. knowlege  Half of migrants are already citizens


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