Week Notes over chapter 9
Week Notes over chapter 9 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rosalino Antunez on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Chapman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Social Sciences at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 04/10/16
Prejudice and discrimination are commonly intermixed but they are different in meaning. Discrimination is the action or the unfair treatment against someone based on many characteristics such as age, sex, skin color, religion, and income. Racism is the type of discrimination based on someone’s perception of race. Discrimination is often the result o an attitude called prejudice. Prejudice is the prejudging of some sort that can be positive but is usually negative. Positive prejudice is when someone exaggerates the virtues of a group. Negative prejudice is usually like thinking a group is superior to another. Nobody is born with prejudice but it is learned from the people around us. A study by Eugene Hartley showed that people who are prejudice against one group tend to be prejudiced toward others and they can be prejudiced against people they have never met, even those that don't exist. The two main types of discrimination are individual and institutional. Individual discrimination is the negative treatment of one person by another and it's the issue between individuals but institutional is how discrimination is woven into the total institutions of society. Examples include home mortgage rates, Health care, and in the job market. Another big difference between the two is the discrimination can be unintentional unlike prejudice like in medical decisions, it is unknown why raceethnicity is a factor. Prejudice has several theories like the psychological perspective which says prejudice is the result of frustration which leads to a scapegoat often a racial or religious minority. It's also believed that personalities like the authoritarian personality can make people more inclined to differ others are inferior. The sociological perspective has conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, and functionalism. The different theories and views are a big difference between prejudice and discrimination. Another big difference is that racism is learned after joining a group and discrimination is always just the action based on view and perceptions.
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