Chapter 1 notes for Psychology of Adolescence
Chapter 1 notes for Psychology of Adolescence DEP4305
UWF - Pensacola
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alii on Saturday February 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DEP4305 at University of West Florida - Pensacola taught by Venezia in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 179 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of West Florida - Pensacola.
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Date Created: 02/07/15
Chapter 1 Introduction 0 Adolescents O The people 0 Adolescence O A life stage between the time puberty begins and the time adult status approaches I When people take on the roles and responsibilities of adulthood in their culture 0 The time period 0 Starts around 12 18 0 Starts around puberty 0 What makes us an adult I People have more control than impulse I Full brain development I Depend on cultural beliefs 0 Cultures vary in how they define adult status I People have found self identity Q Boomerang kids struggle with it 0 People who move out and then back in 0 Early adolescence 0 10 14 0 Late adolescence O 15 18 0 Early adulthood 0 18 25 0 History of conception of adolescence in Western cultures 0 Ancient times I Plato 0 Viewed adolescence as the third distinct stage of life 0 After infancy birth 7 and childhood 7 14 0 Ages 14 21 C Time when capacity of reason developed 0 Said no education before 7 years old 0 7 14 teach sports and music 0 14 teach science math etc 0 Middle ages I Saw adolescence as a time of innocence where innocence posed a special value and power 0 l800s l900s I Life cycle service 0 Adolescence engaged in domestic services for others I Age of adolescence 0 Child labor and laws came into effect 0 Mandatory schooling 0 Moving up age limits of school required I Development of field of study of adolescence Q G Stanley Hall was founder of APA Q Initiator of the child study movement 0 Advocated researcher on child and adolescent development 0 Advocated improvement of conditions for children and adolescent in school work and family 0 Emerging early adulthood 0 Identity eXploration l Explore different possibilities before making a commitment 0 Through this they develop an understanding of who they are what their capabilities and limitations are what their beliefs and values are and how they fit into society around them 0 Time of instability I Frequently moving around 0 Self focused age I Self awareness I Helps figure out identity I Focus on themselves as they develop skills needed for college I Learning to stand along and self sufficient 0 Age of in between I Not kids but no longer adults I Don t fit in anywhere 0 Age of possibilities I Optimism for the future 0 Period from 18 25 where young people become more independent of parents and eXplore various life possibilities 0 Emerging adulthood eXist in Western cultures where young people are allowed to postpone adult roles 0 Sign of adulthood is accepting responsibility for oneself making independent decisions and becoming financially independent 0 Terms 0 Pg 7 0 Culture I Beliefs traditions language etc I A group s common way of life passed on through generations I General and specific I Majority culture 0 The culture that sets most the norms and standards 0 Subculturesminority cultures 0 SES I Socioeconomic status I Social class 0 Including education level income level and occupational status 0 Developed vs developing countries I Developed 0 Western countries with developed economies I Developing Q Cultures becoming industrialized 0 Traditional cultures I Maintained a way of life through stable traditions pass down generations 0 Review of research methodology 0 Research methods means scientific method I 1 Come up with a research question 0 Something you re trying to figure out 0 Will guide the rest of the study 0 Standardize definitions in it 0 Questions can come from a variety of places 0 Observation 0 Past research 0 Where you ll start to look at operational definition 0 How you can measure it standardize it I 2 Set up a hypothesis 0 Making a prediction 0 Researcher designs a study to test their hypothesis l 3 Look at methodology 0 What are we going to do to get an answer 0 Common kinds of methodology 0 Observation I Natural or lab 0 Questionnaire I Closed or open ended 0 Interview I Structu red unstructured or semi structured O Ethnographic study I Resear cher is embedded in research 0 E X living with person 0 Case studies 0 Biological measures I Blood pressure blood test etc 0 Experiment I Can manipulate variables I 4 Data collection 0 Pilot study 0 Warm up for real study 0 Sometimes you will encounter problems on the real study I 5 Resultsconclusion 0 Look at data different ways 0 Quantitative l Assign ing numbers to things I Give specific statistical results 0 Qualitative I Look at patterns I Norma lly used in case studies 0 Publishing 0 Peer reviewed 0 Allow for replication I Research contributes to the development and modification of theories 0 A theory presents a set of interconnected ideas in an original way and inspire further research 0 Ethics I Do no harm Q IRB 0 Institutional review board 0 Panel of eXperts who approve studies I Informed consent 0 Opt in 0 Best for face to face studies 0 Opt out 0 Normally for more benign studies 0 Form signed to give consent 0 Deception O Debrief afterwards I Give consent again after debriefing I Confidentiality 0 Can t do for people who are depressed suicidal or homicidal
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