Week 4 Lecture notes: Social groups and Time Bind
Week 4 Lecture notes: Social groups and Time Bind SOC-S100
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Saturday February 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 144 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/07/15
WEEK 4 Lecture 1 OrganizationsAuthority 2715 505 PM I WHAT IS A SOCIAL GROUP A A collection of people who regularly interact with one another and share a common identity 1 In Group Out Group a A group that provides a standard for judging one s attitudes and behaviors i Ingroups ii Outgroups B social ties that link people to each other II large groups of people with a definite set of authority relations includes formal and informal groups are bureaucratic a a set of social relations deliberately created with the explicit intention of continuously accomplishing some specific goal or purposequot a An organization that is involved in the trade of goods or services to consumers with the intention to return a profit to the owners or shareholders i Examples Food chains Gyms a an organization that uses surplus revenues to achieve its goals rather than distributing them as profit or dividendsquot Wikipedia 2014 a A nonprofit organization run by the Federal State County or City government and typically paid for by taxpayers i There were 1429801 registered taxexempt organizations NICCS 2012 and over 22 million forprofit firms USCB 2012 operating in the United States as of 2012 ii C How do organizations operate 1 Formal relations the norms or rules of the official system of authorty a Example late work not accepted Informal Relations way of doing things that depart from formally recognized modes of procedure a Example Iquot III REMEMBER WEBER A Authority a resting on a belief in the legality of enacted rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issues commandsquot i in position of authority because of the rules of the organization a Authority is legitimate because it has always existedquot i Because they are in that position a Authority is legitimate because the group s leader has some unique quality charisma i Jesus hitler B Bureaucracy a type or organization marked by a clear hierarch of authority and the existence of written rules of procedure and staffed by fulltime salaried officials Hierarchy of authority Written rules govern conduct Officials work full time and are salaried Separation between work life and home life i Why Affects your efficiency e Members do not own material resources apem 1 Definition 1 The replacement of tradition and moral values as motivators of action for rational motivations 2 Definition 2 The process by which modes of precise calculation and organization involving abstract rules and procedures increasingly come to dominate the social world a Baxter argued that the material world should not have that much of an affect of you personally 3 Weber s Iron Cage of Bureaucracyquot a Rationalization for the sake of rationalization alienates workers from their actions Society becomes deterministic and over focused on efficiency IV CORPORATE JARGON A Jargon as Language and Symbols 1 Jargon provides a means of communicating broad orienting concepts efficiently 2 Jargon creates mechanisms for differentiating ingroup members from others B Why might sociologists want to study the use of corporate jargon in the workplace How might it inform our understanding of organizations 1 How organizations view C History of Corporate Jargon a Wanted to create organizations that were perfectly efficient i What a perfect org looks like ii How do we create that efficiency a Changed lights of assemble line the brightnessdimness i Lighting affect ability to see 9 efficiency ii Surveillance iii People are individuals not just laborers a why do people do the jobs that they do i How leadership maximizes that efficiency 9 change P a how do we sell the most things What are the best ways to do that How do we create a product that everyone wants to buy 9 a wanted efficiency but decided to focus on rewarding a focus on leadership and communication a disrupt the norm i implies that the old ways don t work anymore ii to disrupt and create something brand new a Etsy3d samples doing work that is intended to satisfy their souls and themselves make them happy i Do what makes you happy IJ Lecture 2 2715 505 PM I THE TIME BIND 1 Emeritus Professor of Sociology at UC Berkeley a when you have to maintain a certain attitude everyday put on a face everyday a in the economy that are more in tune to emotional things than production a The rules and the norms around emotions in the work place b Ways of the organization of how oyu feel about them 5 The Managed Heart1983 Second Shift 1989 1 Why did Hochschild initially to go Amerco a I had chosen to study Amerco precisely because it was reputed to be a national leader in the corporate march toward workfamily balance 2 What was her main research method a Ethnography 3 What became her main research question a What was the right balance between work and home Between having no responsibility and full responsibility for the care of othersquot 4 Why don t people take time off of work a To make money b They like what they do whether they are of high or low class 1 What is the waving window 3 a Window that the kids look through Waving by to the parents see their parents leave 2 What are the pressures that Gwen Bell faces in her daily life How does she balance home and work a Shes in time debt she can never spend enough time with them b She has a boss so there is pressure coming form her boss and the people who she has authority over c She has specific time blocks that she is able to get stuff done gives Cassie her daughter a fudge bar sends her kid to day care 3 What are the two Bell households 14 a the rushed family they actually were and the relaxed family they imagined they could be if only they had time 1 What is the relationship between home and work a 2 How does Linda Avery describe her home life a work had become home and home became workquot 3 In the Avery household how are household chores and child care split up among Linda and Bill a Bill doesn t do any housework but watches the baby because he felt he had already completed that part of his life with his first wifekid b Goes fishing to get away from home retired 4 What is the second shif and how might it relate a The 45 hours of household work after coming home from the 78 hr work day 1 Who is the Bill Denton and how is his homework balance different than that of Gwen or Linda a He is an executive of Amerco he is married and has 3 girls his wife stays at home and does everything at home so that he is able to commit to his job fulltime b He does not have a secondshift 2 What does he say about time and what is this relationship with success at work 56 a He has more time9 more successful 4 1 Who is Vicky king and how is she different than the other employees interviewed a 2 How are formal and informal relations at Amerco related Do they effect men and women differently a 3 How is Vicky different than Bill To what effect a She is a woman she takes part in her family and actually has a seond shift 1 What is the Taylorized Family 209 a Make home relationship more efficient schedule time application of efficiency and bureaucracy to the family and work life You have to be able to schedule your time wisely keep family and work time separated Middleclass don t take off time cant afford to take off time Upperclass they like to more satisfaction more pride 2715 505 PM
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