Notes about the State Department
Notes about the State Department PSC 321
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Saturday February 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/07/15
State Department 0 2 key components about the State Dept culture and function Key Component 1 Culture 0 Idea of patriotism and commitment to service 0 Party politics are below commitment to the President s policies 0 60 of State officials serve abroad 0 Trying to overcome negative stereotypes I quothiding win embassies I quotnot on the frontline ie not actually fighting the wars 0 Do more with less 0 Greatly outnumbered when compared to the Defense Department I State Dept 13000 Foreign Service Officers FSOs amp 11000 Civil Service workers I Defense Dept 16 active duty military personnel I Recognize that military employment and diplomat employment numbers will never be the same but current employee ratio between the two departments is very uneven considering the US is a global force that pushes for peaceful solutions and crosscultural interaction 0 Budget of State Dept is much smaller than the Defense s I State 40 billion Defense 500 billion I Smaller budget less resources such as employees training opportunities etc 0 Given less access to new technology and communication I People feel the Defense Dept ie military should get the newest technology and communications 0 Importance of Interpersonal Interaction 0 State prefers facetoface interactionmeetings when discussing issues with diplomats of other states I Makes the meetings more personal and hopefully more productive I Pros of facetoface meetings can see body language of other person able to make a better impression is you are in the room with someone rather than on the phone 0 Lack of Diversity 0 Historically the State Dept has been made up of old white men I Lack of employee diversity lack of diversity in perception and opinions limiting self to only a narrowmindedshort list of policy options I The more diverse the workforce the more diverse the point of views will be and hopefully the more strategy options will be presented as alternatives to the current issue 0 Institutional Hierarchy 0 23 of State employees are careerists I Careerist someone who starts off at the bottom and works their way up job ladder o More qualified for their job because they have years of experience and exposure to the specific job field 0 13 of State employees are political appointees put into high ranks I Appointee gets position based on political favors I Person usually has no careerbackground experience for diplomatic work 0 Cause careerists to be resentful toward them 0 Antiquated policies and structures 0 Regional vs functional bureaus gt FSOs vs Civil Service I FSOs are regional specialists ie specialist in South Asia or Africa etc I Civil Service are specialists about issues ie human rights functional bureau 0 Have less diplomatic prestige 0 quotCountry teams gt joint interagency cooperation on things about US National Secuirty I Difficulty winteragency process is that there are too many agencies 27 to coordinate and cooperate on strategy planning and implementation I Lack of interagency cooperation many teams ie agencies acting independently but serving the same goal ie advise Prez on best policy option I Difficult to get cooperation because there is no enforcement mechanism in place to force agencies to work together 0 Talking Points gt briefings I State briefings and press releases of Department s policy stances are boringscripted 0 Media can pick and choose which quottalking points to highlightleave outsensationalize I Better communication delivery of quottalking points can change how people view and respond to State s policies 0 Aversion to strategic planning and impetus for QDDR o Historically State hasn t been forward thinking on issues I Plans for hereandnow and immediate future but misses out on longer term potential of plans and strategies 0 QDDR Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review I Document trying to fix the aversion to strategic planning problem by laying out a plan for how to deal wpresent and future issues and how to keep those issues at bay for the future 0 Information Sharing Problem 0 State is usually behind in terms of communication I Lack of modernization of communication 0 Interagency rivalries ex FSOs vs Civil Service I Lack of desire to share info wone another can lead of misinformed senior officials and botched strategies 0 Lack of clarity about advancement win the institution 0 Assumption career has to progressget better or you leave 0 quotfunneledquot employee pool I Bottom of worker pool is large but people get weeded out as you move upward in rank until the very top is small the careerists that stick with the Dept 0 To supplement the small amount of top officials political appointees are brought in State Department s culture impact on US National Security 0 US domestic perspective of the State Dept 0 US population generally sees national security as an issue of the Defense Department or Homeland Security not the State Department 0 State has good record retention 0 FSO regional expertise is beneficial in certain tough negotiation situations 0 State needs to change its role on the NSC and advisement to the President 0 Take a more active and vocal approach to its position on the NSC and its role as advisor to the Presidents Key Component 2 Function 0 Mission Statement 0 Summary Shape a peaceful and democratic work and foster stability for Americas and everyone around the world 0 Partner wUSAID agency that works to aid countries going through internal development 0 QDDR Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review 0 Similar to the National Security Strategy in that it is outlines specific focus areas and strategy options of the State Dept 0 Focus on civilian power I civiliannonmilitary control of and influence over opportunities in national secur y o empower the people 0 accountability the ability to be rewarded or held responsible for actions I better accountability better credibility 0 leads to an improved public image of the State Dept QDDR o Priorities 0 Civilian power gt get civilians more involved in the national security process 0 The need to adapt I More communication bwn the Sec of State and ambassadors I Increase US presence in new countriesregions I Learn how to deal wnew security threats 0 Strengthen economic diplomacy I Promote capitalism I Promote economic habits that prevent global recessions 0 Have better responses to crises I Be more prepared I Think strategically o anticipate where crises will most likely occur so that you have some sort of action plan when a conflict does arise 0 Focus on development efforts in 6 areas I Sustainable economic growth 0 Help countries diversity their economy 0 e Try to move away from a oneproduct economy due to risk of price instability I Food security I Global health I Climate change I Governance and humanitarian assistance 0 Governance assistance help wdemocratization abroad Secretary of State Roles and Responsibilities 0 Serve as the President s principal advisor on US foreign policy 0 Put the President s policies before your own political views 0 Conduct negotiations relating to US foreign affairs 0 Grant and issue passports to US citizens o Exequaturs to foreign consuls in US 0 Exequatur document authorizing a consular agent to conduct hisher work in the host country 0 Advise the President on appointment of US ambassadorsministersconsulardiplomatic reps o Advise the President on the acceptance recall and dismissal of reps of foreign countries 0 Participate in or direct US representative to attend international conferences organizations and agencies 0 Negotiate interpret and terminate treatiesagreements 0 Ensure the protection of the US govt citizens and property in foreign countries 0 Supervise the administration of US immigration laws 0 Provide info to American citizens regarding political economic social and humanitarian conditions in foreign countries 0 quotinfoquot briefings press releases travel warnings 0 Inform Congress and American citizens on the conduct of US foreign relations 0 Promote beneficial economic intercourse bwn the US and other countries 0 Administer the State Department 0 Supervise Foreign Service Officers FSOs 3 most important things of the State Department 1 The implementation promotion and defense of the President s foreign policy in all areas 2 The maintenance of peace and stability in vital areas of interest for the US a Long term thinkingstrategies rather than short term fixes 3 The negotiation of relationships bwn US and other countries
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