Intro to Music Lit Notes - Week 6
Intro to Music Lit Notes - Week 6 MUL2010
Popular in Introduction to Music Literature
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Music
Dr. Mikel Von
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chappy on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUL2010 at University of Florida taught by Frusco,Jeremy A in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at University of Florida.
Reviews for Intro to Music Lit Notes - Week 6
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/10/16
Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯1 Introduction to Music Literature ♪ WEEK 6 NOTES ♪ ▯ Main Theme - Classical Vienna Viennese Classicism • Preclassical period 1730 - 1770 ⁃ shift in aesthetic - simplicity and clarity, polyphony to simple melodies and accompaniments ⁃ Carl Philipp Emanuel and Johann Christian Bach (sons of JS) ⁃ light texture, periodic phrasing, simple harmony • Classical Period 1750 - 1820 ⁃ Seven Years’ War, Louis XVI’s reign (1774-1792), Declaration of Independence 1776, French Revolution 1789, Goethe, Faust 1808, Austen’s Pride and Prejudice 1813 ⁃ Characeristics ⁃ contrast of mood suddenly/gradually ⁃ rhythmic flexibility (perpetual motion out the window) ⁃ tuneful melodies - balanced phrase lengths ⁃ primarily homophonic texture ⁃ dynamic flexibility: crescendo/decrescendo ⁃ end of basso continuo ⁃ Orchestra ⁃ standardized ⁃ strings: violins (1&2), violas, cellos, basses ⁃ woodwinds: 2 of each flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon ⁃ brass: 2 ea of trumpets, french horns ⁃ percussion: 2 timpani ⁃ increased size: approx. 25 to 60 mr ⁃oF ⁃ often 4 movements, fast, slow, dance related, fast ⁃ symphony (full orchestra) ⁃ string quartet (2 violins, viola, cello) ⁃ sonata (1-2 instruments) - 2, 3, or 4 movements ⁃ NOT the same as sonata FORM ⁃ contrasting themes ⁃ balanced tension and release ⁃ Composers place in society ⁃ Franz Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809) ⁃ served a noble family chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯2 ⁃ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) ⁃ broke from service position ⁃ Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) ⁃ independent ⁃ Music in society ⁃ public concerts ⁃ amateur musicians in the home ⁃ compositions became more easily understood in order to teach and learn ⁃ opera becomes more comic, satirical ⁃ makes fun of aristocracy (see Marriage of Figaro by Mozart) ⁃ vienna is the center of classical music ⁃ 4th largest city in europe ⁃ haydn, mozart, and beethoven all visited • Symphony - main product of the classical era, orchestral composition in 4 movements ⁃ origins in italian opera overture; expanded by germans ⁃ construction ⁃ I. fast, sonata form ⁃ Sonata form - begins in classical period, is the form of a single movement (usually opening), consists of three major sections ⁃ Exposition - presents theme ⁃ begins in tonic key ⁃ first theme in tonic ⁃ bridge modulates to new key ⁃ second theme is in new key (usually dominant) ⁃ often fully repeated (closing section in new key) ⁃ Development - themes manipulated and altered ⁃ drama ⁃ motives, smaller fragments of theme, developed by changing ⁃ Recapitulation - themes in original form ⁃ resolution of tension ⁃ theme, bridge, and second theme all in tonic ⁃ coda is tonic, resolves ⁃ NOT a musical formula, only a guideline to which composers may create a “sonata” ⁃ II. slower, songlike (theme and variations), not in the tonic key ⁃ Theme and Variations - main theme presented and repeated, changing each time chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit . c t e , ’ ’ ’ ’ A , ’ ’ ’ A , ”A , ’ A , A . ⁃ e ⁃ second movement of a piece, or any piece ⁃ character can change significantly between variations (keys, etc, etc) ⁃ flexible form, no set number of repetitions or variations . ⁃ e Haydn Symphony no. 94 (“Surprise”) aka Haydn’s big surprise (W CANNONS) ⁃ 2nd movement is a theme and variations ⁃ soft staccato theme- do do mi mi sol sol miiiiiii fa fa re re ti ti soooool ⁃ Variation I : Countermelody added above the main theme ⁃ Variation II: Minor key, more dynamic contrast, some new material (descending scales in violins) ⁃ Variation III: Faster rhythm, major key, new countermelody ⁃ Variation IV: (final) violin fanfare above main theme, dotted rhythm, ends on dominant to signify more to come ⁃ Closing section: oboe theme, starting in minor mode, dissonant chords, end in original setting ⁃ even shows up in jazz ⁃ III. Dancelike (minuet and trio or scherzo) ⁃ Minuet and Trio - usually 3rd movement w dancey feel - name from Baroque period in which the trio of players would perform the dance movement ⁃ triple meter w moderate tempo e r u t cu r t⁃ s ⁃ Minuet (A): aaba’ba’ ⁃ trio (B): ccdc’dc’ ⁃ minuet (A): aba’ (da capo) ⁃ Beethoven used a scherzo (also in three parts, and triple meter, but FASTER) ⁃ W.A. Mozart Eine Kleine Nachtmusik ⁃ serenade (music for outdoor enjoyment) ⁃ A section: dignified, staccato ⁃ a: stately melody, forte, predominantly staccato. repeated chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯4 ⁃ b: legato phrase, piano, leads back to staccato, forte, repeated ⁃ B section trio: Lighter, legato ⁃ a: gracious legato melody, piano, murmuring accompaniment repeated ⁃ b: climbing legato phrase, forte, leads back to piano phrase, repeated ⁃ back to A minuet ⁃ IV. fast (sonata rondo form) ⁃ Rondo - main theme with alteration to other themes, possible 4th movement ⁃ ABACA or ABACABA ⁃ tuneful main theme, easy to remember ⁃ sonata rondo form: includes developmental section (ABA development ABA) ⁃ Beethoven String Quartet in c minor, op. 18 No. 4 ⁃ A: two parts, staccato, minor key ⁃ B: legato, major key ⁃ C: upward motion; major key ⁃ final A statement faster • Chamber Music - intimate performance spaces, from one to nine musicians ⁃ group effort; no conductor ⁃ string quartet is the predominant form of chamber music in classical era ⁃ conversational, sophisticated ⁃ other types; duo sonata, piano trio (violin + cello + piano), string quintet (+viola) • Concerto - three movements, fast slow fast, w an instrumental soloist and orchestra ⁃ cadenza - unaccompanied solo section w virtuosic elements (scales, arpeggios, rapid passages and ornamentations) ⁃ originally improvised but later notated ⁃ construction ⁃ I. Sonata-like form; double exposition ⁃ all themes in tonic ⁃ orchestra plays their theme in first exposition, soloist develops more themes in second exposition ⁃ II. Slower, expressive ⁃ III. Rondo form; allegro/presto chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯5 COMPOSERS ▯ • FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732 - 1809) - raised in musical environment (in vienna) as choirboy, teacher, and music director by 1757. Violist!! ⁃ Timeline ⁃ 1740 - 1749 - Choirboy at St. Stephens, Vienna ⁃ 1749 - 1757 - Teacher, student, performer ⁃ 1757 - 1760 - Music Director to Count Morzin ⁃ 1760 - Service to Esterházy family ⁃ Symphony no. 45 “Farewell” in which musicians blow out candles when they’re done playing and leave ⁃ 1780 - new contract under Esterházy ⁃ met Mozart ⁃ 1790 - released from service, but kept with Esterházy ⁃ Symphonies no. 93 - 104; London Symphonies ⁃ Surprise symphony in this group ⁃ Late works are masses and Oratorios, religious works ⁃ The Creation (1798) ⁃ The Seasons (1801) s eme⁃hT ⁃ humor and unexpected elements ⁃ folk influences ⁃ theme development ⁃ ‘father of the symphony’ - composed over 104 symphonic works ⁃ Trumpet Concerto in E Flat (1796) ⁃ features a keyed trumpet (replaced by valve trumpet) ⁃ fast-slow-fast ⁃ III. Sonata-rondo form, coda is full of surprises • WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756 - 1791) - child prodigy of music (harpsichord, violin, piano), one WILD and CRAZAY GUY e f ⁃i L ⁃ Leopold Mozart, his father, toured him across europe ⁃ 1771 - 1781: Service to Archbishop Colloredo ⁃ Vienna: Success with opera ⁃ Nozze di Figaro (1786), Il Dissoluto Punito Don Giovanni ⁃ 1791: Commissioned to write Requiem Mass ⁃ Completed by his student, Franz Sussmayer ⁃ Adult years were less fruitful, died in poverty ⁃ Style chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 6 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯6 ⁃ wrote in every form successfully ⁃ effortless sound ⁃ catalogued by Köchel ⁃ dominant figure of Classical Opera ⁃ most buffa (comic) ⁃ singspiel german operas, “sung plays” ⁃ unparalleled character development up to this point ⁃ Lorenzo da Ponte was his right hand man/ Librettist ⁃ Il Dissoluto Punito Don Giovanni (1787) ⁃ drama giocoso (comic and serious opera) ⁃ Don Giovanni conquests the ladies, is generally rude, ends in Don Giovanni being dragged down to hell ⁃ Overture is the famous Overture in D Minor ⁃ Symphony no. 40 in G Minor, K. 550 ⁃ I. Molto Allegro in Sonata form ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Thanks for reading these study notes! Good luck! Any questions or comments? visit chappythewizard.tumblr.com find more notes on Music Lit, Theory, and History on Studysoup! chappythewizard.tumblr.com
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'