New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

World History 1020, Week Eight Notes

by: Liv Taylor

World History 1020, Week Eight Notes HIST 1020 - 004

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > HIST 1020 - 004 > World History 1020 Week Eight Notes
Liv Taylor
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover World War I and its global impact.
World History II
David C. Carter
Class Notes
World War I, Global Impact
25 ?




Popular in World History II

Popular in History

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Liv Taylor on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 - 004 at Auburn University taught by David C. Carter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.


Reviews for World History 1020, Week Eight Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/10/16
April  4-­‐8,  2016  (Week  8)   Dr.  David  Carter   World  History  II       Of  Masses  and  Visions  of  the  Modern     World  War  I  and  Its  Global  Impact   -­‐  WWI  was  fought  on  a  global  scale  and  required  resources  from  around  the  world,   and  the  harsh  peace  settlement  unbalanced  the  global  economy  leading  the  Great   Depression     The  Quest  for  the  Modern   -­‐  Becoming  modern  meant  different  things  to  different  segments   -­‐  Mass  production  and  mass  consumption  and  their  effects  on  propaganda  and   politics   -­‐  People  favored  strong  leadership  for  their  societies   -­‐  Three  competing  political  visions  of  modernism  emerged                -­‐  Liberal  democratic  (Italy,  Germany)   -­‐  Authoritarianism  (Portugal,  Spain,  Russia)   -­‐  Anticolonial  (India)   -­‐  Used  Declaration  of  Independence  as  a  defense  tactic     The  Great  War  (1914-­‐1918)   -­‐  The  causes  of  the  war  were  complex   -­‐  Tension  could  be  traced  to  conflict  over  colonial  territories   -­‐  Decline  of  the  Ottoman  Empire  (comes  to  an  end  after  WW1)  in  southeastern   Europe  heightened  international  tension  between  Russia  (transformed  after  WW1)   and  Austria-­‐Hungary  (comes  to  an  end  after  WW1)   -­‐  Economic  and  naval  rivalry  between  Britain  and  Germany  further  fueled  tension   -­‐  International  rivalries  had  led  to  the  formation  of  military  alliances   -­‐  The  Central  Powers  were  Germany  and  Austria-­‐Hungary  (winds  up  fighting  with   the  Ottoman  Empire  before  their  undoing)   -­‐  The  Triple  Entente  (later  the  Allied  Powers)  were  Britain,  France  and  Russia   -­‐  The  reason  these  wars  (WWI  &  WWII)  go  global  is  because  of  these  alliances   -­‐  Pan-­‐movements  are  movements  that  bring  together  a  lot  of  different  people  who   wouldn’t  normal  come  together  but  share  a  certain  sensibility   -­‐  Pan-­‐Slavic  movement,  under  Austria-­‐Hungarian  empire  Slavic  nationalism  grows   -­‐  The  1914  assassination  of  the  Archduke  Francis  Ferdinand  of  Austria  by  a  Serbian   terrorist  set  the  alliances  against  each  other   -­‐  Railroads  make  the  start  of  the  war  so  quick  and  explosive   -­‐  Flongshlefan  Plan  is  all  about  speed  and  mobilization  (try  to  knock  out  France  by   beating  them  to  the  chase)     The  Fighting   -­‐  Begins  in  August  1914   -­‐  Battlefronts,  stalemate  and  carnage   -­‐  Instead  of  a  quick  war,  vast  armies  fought  a  defensive  war   -­‐  Called  the  Great  War  because  of  the  scale  and  size  of  it   -­‐  Second  World  War  often  called  the  “Good  War”  but  no  one  is  going  to  call  the  First   World  War  anything  “good”   -­‐  The  Western  front  degenerates  into  a  stalemate  of  trench  warfare   -­‐  They  think  they’ll  “be  home  by  Christmas”  (that  it’ll  be  a  quick  war)   -­‐  Trenches  on  the  Western  front  went  form  the  English  Channel  to  the  Alps   -­‐  Machine  guns  and  barbed  wire  guarded  the  trenches   -­‐  Life  in  the  trenches  provided  tedious,  damp,  dirty  and  disease-­‐ridden   -­‐  No  one  anticipated  what  the  Western  Front  would  turn  into  (mustard  gas,   weapons  of  mass  destruction,  chlorine  gas,  machine  guns  etc.)   -­‐  On  the  Eastern  Front,  Russians  moved  into  Prussia  and  Austria-­‐Hungary   -­‐  By  1915  the  war  had  grown  into  a  stalemate   -­‐  The  Battles  of  Ypres  and  Somme  saw  hundreds  of  thousands  of  casualties  with   little  gain  for  either  side   -­‐  The  death  toll  forced  governments  to  enlist  more  and  more  men  so  that  millions   were  serving  in  each  belligerent  army,  which  leads  to  Modernism  as  people  try  to   wrap  their  heads  around  the  concept  of  death   -­‐  The  war  efforts  recruit  people  from  Africa,  Oceania,  etc.     -­‐  War  undermined  traditional  gender  roles   -­‐  Thousands  of  women  served  in  auxiliary  nits   -­‐  Women  replaced  men  in  occupations  on  the  home  front   -­‐  Food  shortages  led  women  to  rebel  against  the  state  for  food  for  their  children   -­‐  Included  nearly  70  million  men  fighting  in  the  war   -­‐  By  1918,  causalities  exceeded  8  million,  with  another  20  million  wounded   -­‐  Civilians  suffered  from  aerial  bombardments,  food  shortages  and  disease   -­‐  In  1919  there’s  a  huge  influenza  epidemic     Empire  and  War   -­‐  The  horror  of  war  reached  across  continents   -­‐  The  Ottoman  Empire     -­‐  Armenians:  genocidal  activity?     The  Russia  Revolution   -­‐  In  Russia  in  1917,  military  and  civilian  elites  overthrew  the  Tsar  in  light  of  growing   unrest   -­‐  Bolsheviks  in  turn  overthrew  them  later  that  year  and  then  signed  a  peace  treaty   with  the  Germans   -­‐  Revolution  led  by  Vladimir  Lenin  and  Leon  Trotsky   -­‐  Lenin  says  they  have  to  maintain  the  revolution  even  if  that  means  losing  a  part  of   Russia   The  reds  =  communist  supporters   The  whites  =  communist  opposers  without  much  in  common  other  than  hating  the   Bolsheviks     The  Fall  of  the  Central  Powers   -­‐  The  United  States  entry  into  the  war  in  1917  tipped  the  balance  in  favor  of  the   Allies   -­‐  In  1918,  Germany  was  on  the  verge  of  civil  war,  and  German  generals  agreed  to  an   ARMISTICE  (not  a  surrender)   -­‐  The  Kaiser  fled  the  country  and  the  empire  became  a  republic  =  Weimar  Republic   The  Weimar  Republic  was  a  weak  period  in  German  history  that  focused  heavily  on   art   -­‐  Hitler  is  going  to  say  that  the  German’s  never  really  lost  the  war   -­‐  Hitler  hates  the  Weimar  Republic   -­‐  Unrestricted  Submarine  Warfare   -­‐  Zimmerman  Telegram   -­‐  United  States  =  sleeping  giant     The  Peace  Settlement  and  the  Impact  of  the  War   -­‐  The  victors  imposed  a  punitive  peace  on  Germany  at  the  peace  conference  held  at   the  Palace  of  Versailles  in  1919  (significant  because  Kaiser  Wilhelm  I  was  coroneted   there  at  the  end  of  the  Franco-­‐Prussian  War)   -­‐  The  treaty  assigned  Germany  sole  blame  for  the  war  (war  guilt  clause),  forced  it  to   pay  reparations,  and  gave  its  colonies  to  the  victorious  powers  to  be  administered   as  “mandates”  (Germany  gets  penalties  –  kickstarts  global  depression)   -­‐  The  Big  3     1.  Woodrow  Wilson   2.  George  Clemenceau   3.  David  Lloyd  George   -­‐  The  Fourteen  Points   -­‐  The  League  of  Nations   -­‐  American  President  Woodrow  Wilson  had  hoped  for  a  more  harmonious  and   peaceful  settlement   -­‐  Japan  is  treated  poorly  and  Russia  if  left  out  completely  in  the  Treaty  of  Versailles   -­‐  The  map  of  Europe  is  redrawn,  but  the  map  of  the  world  is  not,  meaning  everyone   still  had  their  colonies                


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.