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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Daniel Burke on Saturday April 5, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 305 views.
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Date Created: 04/05/14
Practical Ethics MOOC taught by Peter Singer Awesome class notes prepared by Daniel Burke Week One 3292014 Question Does ethics only apply to human animals Global poverty Moral status of nonhuman animals What separates humans from nonhumans in terms of moral consideration Climate change responsibilities of citizens coordinated action needed public policy level and ethics More than stating opinion reasoning to decisions objective decisions Or are subjective Ethics morality semantics but morality connotes popular opinion whereas ethics can be a marginal view James Rachel Morality is guided by reason act for the best reasons for doing considering the interest of all affected by the decisions David Hume Reason acts in accordance with your Wants Immanuel Kant Universality of moral law capacity to reason moral law is law of reason IMMANUEL KANT Fnm a pnimin Derek Parfit Ethics is relatively new and will perhaps develop into a universal Ethical subjectivism like matters of taste cannot argue either Way But then Why do arguments arise Cultural relativism there are certain differences but are these just because of different circumstances Common features across numerous societies ie rule of reciprocity for cooperation Mothers have responsibility for their children universal for survival We have sympathy for those acting outside of their culture Support for subjectivism in response to history of imperialism Tolerance in relativism Not Wanting to impose views but even this is a claim Bad things can happen because of local customs Kant categorical imperative maximum of action as universal law But problem of speci city for rules and rules that make gross exceptions Better rule as known on the receiving end What about individuals who welcome suffering Irrational Religion and ethics What if God approves of something bad Ethics must be independent from religion need of public reason Find ethical engagement across religions Religious people selectively observe
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