16th Century Northern Euro. and Spain
16th Century Northern Euro. and Spain 1306-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Diana Laura Gerardo on Friday February 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1306-001 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Anne Perry in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Art History II in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Page 1 I. 16 Century Northern Europe a. Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), Crucifixion (center panel), chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, c. 1510 1515 i. Asked to enclose the wooden shrine with 2 sets of moveable panes. ii. Originally commissioned by the hospital. iii. On the right St. Sebastian, St. Anthony. iv. Entombed Christ looks yellow, sickly. v. Associated with torment and suffering. vi. There is a sacrificial lamb. b. Dürer, Knight, Death, and the Devil, 1513, Engraving. i. Wedgeshaped tip used to engrave ii. The knight is a Christian servant. iii. Death and the devil are whispering to him. This represents temptation. c. Hieronymous Bosch, Garden of the Earthly Delights, Creation of Eve (left wing), Garden of Earthly Delights (center panel), Hell (right wing), 15051510, oil on wood. i. Sensual or secular delights ii. Giant fruit, VERY busy painting, very sensual depictions, weird circular parade in the distance. d. Pieter Aertsen, Butcher’s Stall, 1551, oil on wood. i. Giant calves’ head and pots of animal fat are depicted. ii. Distant scene Virgin Mary on the back of a donkey giving alms and fleeing Egypt. Page 2 e. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, the Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559, oil on wood. i. Proverbs little lessons in a clever phrase of words. f. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow, 1565, oil on wood. i. People are ice skating in the distance. ii. Beautiful painting with typical winter palette. II. 16 Century Spain a. El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz, Church of Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain, 1586. Oil on canvas. i. Deesis Iconic representation of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and John the Baptist asking for Christ’s benevolence. ii. Count Orgaz benefactor of the Church of Santo Tomé. iii. This was painted in memory of him and brings the burial to life. He was an important Toledan figure. iv. El Greco can be found on the canvas. v. The Count is being lowered into the sepulcher. A brilliant gold color surrounds him. vi. Mannerism can be found in the elongated bodies and small heads.
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