Chinese gender and society notes Apr 5th - 11th
Chinese gender and society notes Apr 5th - 11th SOC255
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Syed Haque on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC255 at Binghamton University taught by Ana M. Candela in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Gender & Chinese Society in General Science at Binghamton University.
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Date Created: 04/10/16
`Apr 5 reading Socialist constructions of women Call me “Qingnian” but not “Funi” , Wang Zheng : -Womens paricipations in social production as the measure of women’s liberations - illerate women without knowledge about the socialist govt were considered backward women -women with small feet were a living sign of oppression -Husbands should teach their wives if they are illerate - read books which introduced them ideas including love - the goal of sent down youth – sending educated youth to the country side to guard against revisionism -strive to be a selfless revolutionary - brainwashed into striving and believing in the communist utopia Drooling 291-306 - The chairwomen and the other women together plan to catch Yulian in the act of cheatin on her husband. They are planning heavily in an aim to preserve the moral atmosphere and discourage young girls from following her. Women began to patrol women ? wont let another woman embrace her body ? - -husband stayed despite cheating wife - Author wanted no part but her community forced her to take part Xiong – urbanization, Women’s body image and women’s sport under Chinese socialism - Sport served to transform the physical image of Chinese women from weak to a powerful, eventually achieving the aim of breaking the gender boundary. It was also treated as an effective instrument to build an independent image of the new socialist country around the world. The practical history of women’s emancipation in China through participation in sport, however, has been much more complicated than in theory. Under the socialist reign from 1949 to 1979, women’s sport participation was hindered by social complexities, including the domestic, passive transformation of the economic system, as well as the collapse of traditiona - Sports made ppl healthy - Industrial development required participation in sport to build strong bodies and a spirit of collectivism - The war years demanded strong and healthy women workers in the labor market to replace the men at war, and competition became one means to develop fitness for war in programs sponsored or encouraged by the federal government.21 - Chinese women were encouraged to step out of their homes to take part in economic production by entering fields previously inhabited largely by men - Work units replaced family units and functioned as the basic unit of production and accounting. Family activities, which included bearing children and feeding husbands, therefore, were not the only activies expected of Chinese women; the workplace, public activity, economic burdens, and political performance (biaoxian) constituted the other parts of their lives - This mass participation, however, inevitably added a political component to sport. The state’s emphasis on productive tasks and its failure to concentrate on people’s individual requirements in sport restricted women’s partias pcipation. It appeared to be more of a government- mandated behavior (managed by workplaces) and political activity rather than a personal choice of activity. - Most housewives had no intention to take part in and they felt embarrassed3 when they play sport because the traditional ideology of Confucianism still influenced their perspectives of themselves and their concepts of sporting bodies - Many women had no ambition to take part in sport because the feudal concept of women was still embedded deeply in their psyches. - The failure of the GLF brought economic disaster to workers in urban areas. Heavy industrial production was halved and the government cut back on all state investment. Twenty million workers, most of them women, lost their jobs. People’s living standards declined sharply in 1960, and the population dropped by about 20 million between 1959 and 1961 ,-s| Against this background mass sport lost its economic support, as well as its population base. Women’s participation in sport at the grass-roots level declined when they lost jobs and were sent to villages. - The Cultural Revolution was not only intended to revolutionize Chinese culture, it also aimed to build a pure proletarian social order to guard against any capitalist tendencies in social life. - he Communist leadership assumed that gender inequality was rooted in gender differences, especially in women’s physical disadvantages. From this perspective, building gender equality required women to challenge this physical disadvantage by creating an androgynous image. Chinese women were forced to surrender their femininity (a significant psychological blow to the self) while men maintained their masculinity, which was, in fact, strengthened by women becoming “surrogate men.”
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