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PSY 478 Sleeping Pills Notes

by: Taylor Russell

PSY 478 Sleeping Pills Notes PSY 478

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Psychlogy > PSY 478 > PSY 478 Sleeping Pills Notes
Taylor Russell
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Sleeping pills for insomnia
Sleep and Sleep Disorders
Dr. Peck
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Sleep and Sleep Disorders

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Russell on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 478 at University of Arizona taught by Dr. Peck in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Psychlogy at University of Arizona.


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Date Created: 04/10/16
PSY 478 4/7 Sleeping Pills Sleeping Pills Affect Neurotransmitters  GABA o Most common inhibitory neurotransmitter o GABA agonists are the common method for sleeping pills  Barbiturates o Early sleeping pills, caused OD of many celebrities o Phenobarbital (goof balls), amobarbital (blue velvet) o Addictive  Benzodiazepines o Entirely replaced barbiturates o Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Klonopin o Hard to overdose, yet dangerous when mixed with other drugs o For sleep  Minimal effect on SOL  Increase total sleep time, TST, short term o NOT good for sleep…  Highly addictive  Severe rebound insomnia  Cognitive impairment (Memory)... Anterograde Amnesia  Z drugs o Zolpidem (Ambien)  Increases SOL and TST significantly  Causes rebound insomnia…not as bad as benzodiazepines o Short-term vs regular use  Short-term increase in n2, decrease in n1  Regular use shows decrease in n3 and increase in n2  **loss of restorative deep sleep o Side-effects  Sleepwalking  Sleep eating  Sleep driving  Antihistamines o Benadryl, Nyquil, Tylenol PM, Unisom o Over the counter o GABA agonist…turns on sleep o Histamine is involved in wakefulness o Anti-depressants are sometimes antihistamines as well o Benadryl  Not much better than placebo  Yet no rebound insomnia  No EEG changes…good sign  CBT-I o Better long term o Dr. Sanjay Gupta meditation and CBT guy


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