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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Northrup on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at Kansas taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 39 views.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Ally Northrup Chapter 6 39239 Group Culture gt The pattern of values beliefs and norms shared by group members developed through interaction and incorporating members shared experiences in the group patterns of interaction and status relationships gt Structuration Theory The concept that a group creates and continuously recreates itself through member s communicative behaviors the group s communication both establishes and limits how the groups develops Any social system s rules operating procedures and resources emerge out of the verbal and nonverbal communication between members Rules Guidelines for how actions are to be done Resources Those aspects of a group that are used by members to control the behavior of the other members Assumptions of Structuration Theory 0 The behavior of group members is constrained by such things as the general rules of the society in which they live the structures of the particular group in which they find themselves and the behavior of the other members 0 People can choose whether or not to follow the rules of the group 0 Group creation is a process the group creates itself initially and also continuously recreates itself changing in incremental ways always in a state of becoming with communication as the instrument for creationrecreation Communication creates groups Adaptive Structuration Theory A version of structuration theory that focuses on how the rules and resources of computer technology are used in the structuration process gt Negotiating Task and Social Dimension of Group Culture Primary Tension Tension and discomfort in members that stems from interpersonal sources including the social unease that occurs when members of a new group first meet or during competition for power among members Secondary Tension Workrelated tension found in the differences of opinion among members as they seek to accomplish their task Group Culture Socioemotional Concerns Task Concerns Primary Tension Secondary Tension I Status Hierarchy 0 Status The hierarchy of within a small position of a member in the power in uence and prestige group O Idiosyncrasy Credit Additional leeway in adhering to group norms given to a member for valuable contributions to the group O Ascribed Status Status due to characteristics external to the group such as wealth level of education position physical attractiveness and so forth 0 Earned Status Status given by a member s valued contributions to the group such as working hard for the group providing needed expertise being especially communicatively competent and so forth gt Fantasy Themes I Fantasy A statement not pertaining to the hereandnow of the group that offers a creative and meaningful interpretation of events and meets a group s psychological or rhetorical need I Fantasy Chain A series of statements by several or all group members in which a story is dramatized to help create a group s view of reality I Fantasy Theme What the actual content of a fantasy or fantasy chain is about I Symbolic Convergence The theory that humans create and share meaning through talk and storytelling producing an overlapping convergence of private symbolic worlds of individuals during interaction Fantasy Chains The Dramatization of Reality gt Fantasy Themes Symbolic Artifact Symbolic Convergence I Functions of Fantasy 0 Help group members create the group s unique identity 0 Help group deal with threatening or difficult information that members might feel reluctant to address directly I Help direct a group s actions by subtly endorsing or condemning particular courses of action 0 Serve as entertainmentfun 392 Group Socialization gt The social in uence and change process during which both newcomers and established members adjust to one another gt About Socialization The adapting and adjusting that happens when new members join a group happens via communication Effective socialization requires a balance between individual member and group goals and satisfaction Socialization is an ongoing process involving not only the new member but also the rest of the group gt Phases of Socialization Antecedent Phase Prior to group socialization the phase inn which group members individual characteristics affect their readiness and willingness to socialize members effectively Anticipatory Phase During group socialization the phase in which members expectations of each other and the group set the stage for what will occur during socialization Encounter Phase During group socialization the phase in which member expectations meet the realities and members begin to adjust to each other in actuality Assimilation Phase During group socialization the phase in which members are fully integrated into the group and its structures Exit Phase During socialization the phase that encompasses the process members experience when a member leaves the group or the group disbands 393 Development of Group Rules and Norms gt Rules Statements prescribing how members of a small group may should or must behave which may be stated formally in writing or informally as in the case of norms gt Norms An unstated informal rules enforced by peer pressure that governs the behavior of members of a small group gt Conformity Following group norms and not deviating from them gt Changing the Norm Establish yourself as a loyal member of the group Carefully observe the dysfunctional norm and the effect it has on the group Pick an appropriate time and share your observations calmly and clearly then ask if others share your concerns Enlist other members in changing the norm Development of a Group s Climate gt Group Climate A group s emotional and relational atmosphere gt Cohesiveness The degree of attraction members feel for the group unity Creating Cohesiveness in a FacetoFace Team 0 Get to know each other 0 Set clear achievable group goals 0 Treat members with care and respect 0 Develop group identity 0 Stress teamwork 0 Recognize member accomplishments 0 Reward and celebrate group accomplishments I Support agreement and disagreement I Building Cohesiveness in Virtual Teams 0 Virtual Team A group that meets primarily or exclusively through some combination of electronic means computers telephones video conferences and so forth 0 Creating a Cohesive Virtual Team Get acquainted Provide a virtual social space and encourage its use Manage the team s uncertainty Manage technology issues Meet face to face if possible 000 Clarify the communication rules to be used for team business 0 Keep the team documents in an easily accessed virtual space gt Supportiveness I Supportive Climate A group climate in which each member is valued and appreciated I Defensive Climate A group climate in which members attack and belittle each other and where members feel they have to defend themselves from possible attack Supportive Climates Supportive Defensive Description Evaluation Problem Orientation Control Spontaneity Strategy Empathy Neutrality Equality Superiority Provisionalism Certainty gt Teambuilding I A set of planned activities designed to increase teamwork cohesiveness or other aspects of group performance I Teambuilding Guidelines 0 Define the purpose of the teambuilding activity I Take the group out of its normal setting 0 Plan and have a clear objective 0 Help group members appreciate the strength in their own diversity I Stay tuned to the importance of blending work and meaningful ritual
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