ABSC 535 NOTES
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Booth on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ABSC/PSYCH 535 at Kansas taught by Dr. Y. Jackson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychopathology in Psychlogy at Kansas.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Abnormal Child Psych 01212015 ABSC 535 Notes 12015 Developmental Psychopathology abnormal child psych Deve0pmentalchanges over the lifespan Psvchobatholoovpatterns of disruptive bx that causes distress to child andor around the child caregivers Troublesome bx in the light of developmental tasks not meeting expectations Themes to Remember Pathology for children has to be considered within socially deviating contextmental illness is not the child Child w an anxiety disorder Child bx in uences and is in uenced by the bx and perception of caregivers effects of environment When adults seek services for children it isn39t often clear who has the 39problem Many child and adolescent problems Not meeting developmental expectations Not entirely abnormal deviant Presentation and extremeness that is out of ordinary Extent of Pathology in Children 300 million kids see psychologists 15 million dollars spent a year 10 actually need help More kids need mental health services than physical services Epidemioloovdistribution of disorder PrevalenceNumber of percentage of cases of a disorder in a population overall 1 in 8 has a mental health problem that signi cantly impairs functioning 1 in 10 meet criteria for speci c disorders of 1520 of children over development Incidencenumber ofnew cases in a given period of time Changes in understanding Child Pathology Better understanding of disorders Using better toolsmore sophisticated Start of mental illness diagnosed younger than in the past Still fewer than 10 receiving mental health MH services 20 will have MH problems throughout their lives Psvcholooical Disorderpattern of bx cognitive emotional or physical symptoms shown by an individual this pattern is associated with one or more of the following 0 Person shows some degree of distress fear anger sadness The bx indicates degree of disabilityimpairments in at least one of the important areas behavioral cognitive emotional physical Increased risk for future harm death pain loss of freedom 0 3 out of 5 individuals by their 21St birthday has met criteria for a psychological disorder at some point during childhood 0 13 has any disorder in a 12 month time from 815 years 12215 Barriers to getting care include 0 Structural eg long waiting lists inconveniently located services inability to pay Misoerceptions about mental illness eg denial belief that problems will resolve on their own over time stigma of mental illness Perceptions about mental health services eg lack of trust in the system previous negative experience 0 Money often impedes treatment and prevention 0 For one day of in patient care for children is 1800 Some factors to consider when thinking about what is 39normal39 Competence 0 Not meeting developmental norms Depends on 0 Who is viewing the behavior 0 Context of the behavior giving away all toysbuying friends Descriptions of normality and psychopathology focus on 0 Statistical deviance the infrequency of certain emotions cognitions andor behaviors bell curve graph being on extreme ends indicate a disorder Sociocultural norms The beliefs and expectations of certain groups about what kinds of emotions cognitions andor behaviors are undesirable or unacceptable Mental health de nitions Theoretical or clinicallybased notions of distress and dysfunction Criteria for Normalcy Ageappropriateness Gender appropriateness 0 Boys are more likely to have a MH disorder than girls 0 Spikes for different ages in different categories 0 Boys have more externalized MH problems 0 Girls have more internalized MH problems lntensitvpersistence freduencv Number of svmptoms that are met for a disorder Severity of behavior Diversitytype of behavior nature of bx relative to harm o Being impulsive vs cutting self only once 0 Cultural expectationsonly 2 behaviors are considered to be universal behaviors to be a disorder across all cultures 0 Violence 0 Anxiety 0 Teacher expectations making sure children are meeting expectations academically and behaviorally Where do disorders come from and where do they go Developmental pathways cause of disorders Multifinality various outcomes stems from similar beginnings 1 thing can have many outcomes Eduifinalitv different factors lead to similar outcomes Predicting the Trajectory and Future of Behavior Disorders Develoomental status 0 Environmental chanoes ie divorce new brothersister Pathways for Disorder Stable adaptation good functioning and stable not pathology Stable Maladaptation Start at disorder and stay Reversal of Maladaptation start at disorder but is reversed Decline of adaptation start doing well but then declines to a disorder 0 Temporal start well then drops to poor functioning and then spike back to good functioning
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